Health Then and Now. In the 1800s and early 1900s infectious diseases such as influenza, tuberculosis, and diphtheria were the leading causes of death. Nowadays in the 21 ST century, these have been replaced with the lifestyle diseases such as
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In the 1800s and early 1900s infectious diseases such as influenza, tuberculosis, and diphtheria were the leading causes of death.
Nowadays in the 21ST century,
these have been replaced
with the lifestyle diseases such as
heart attacks, strokes, CVD’s, cancer & diabetes.
When infectious diseases were the leading causes of death, health care was more of a mechanistic model.
This means that you
live your life until something goes wrong and then you go see a doctor and get it fixed.
Problem with this is that it may not be able to be fixed.
Now that the leading causes of death are lifestyle diseases, a preventative modelis more critical.
This suggests that
health is a culmination
of your lifestyle choices, making choices to prevent you from
Soooooo… knowing our lifestyle has a big influence on our health,
what do you think is the leading cause of death among teenagers?
~~MAKE UP 67% OF ALL DEATHS AGES 15-19~~ (out of all unintentional injuries 42%)
#1 Motor Vehicle Accidents
In 2009, more than 3,000 teens in the United States aged 15–19 were killed and more than 350,000 were treated in emergency departments for injuries suffered in motor-vehicle crashes.1,2
The factor that contributes most often to automobile accidents is…
DRIVERS THAT USE HAND-HELD DEVICES ARE 4X MORE LIKELY TO GET INTO A SERIOUS CRASH.
TEXTING AND DRIVING
TEXT MESSAGING CREATES A CRASH RISK 23X WORSE THAN DRIVING WHILE NOT DISTRACTED.
SENDING OR RECEIVING A TEXT TAKES A DRIVER’S EYES AWAY FROM THE ROAD FOR AN AVERAGE OF 4.6 SECONDS = AT DRIVING 55 MPH, DRIVING THE LENGTH OF AN ENTIRE FOOTBALL FIELD BLIND.
Some general rules for
driving that apply to all motor vehicles are:
a.don’t drive under
b. avoid fatigue
c. leave room between you and
car in front
d. drive the speed limit
e. monitor the road and surroundings.
f. wear your seat belt
g. be courteous.
~~MAKES UP 17% OF ALL DEATHS AGES 15-19~~
# 2 Homicide
Although other teens are responsible for many of the homicides of teens below age 18, two-thirds of the murderers are eighteen or older.4 Gang involvement has been associated with many teen murders
~~MAKES UP 15% OF ALL DEATHS AGES 15-19~~
In 2009, 1,928 children and teens between the ages of 10 and 19 committed suicide in the U.S. Teenage boys were four times as likely as teenage girls to die by suicide. Boys were also more likely to use guns and suffocation to kill themselves. Girls were more likely than boys to use pills.
#4 Malignant Neoplasms(cancer)
~~MAKE UP 6% OF ALL DEATHS AGES 15-19~~
Malignant neoplasm implies a lesion that can invade and destroy the adjacent tissues and spread to the distant sites(Metastasize) and cause death, Malignant tumors are also called CANCER
#5 Heart Disease
~~MAKES UP 3% OF ALL DEATHS AGES 15-19~~
Most of the risk factors that affect children can be controlled early in life. Other risk factors are usually passed down through family members or they are the result of another illness or disease. These risk factors usually can be controlled. Congenital heart disease (heart defects you are born with) cannot be changed, but better tests and treatments are now available for children with these types of heart problems.
injury is listed as the #1 cause of death with 4,807 deaths, of those deaths 3,242 are from
motor vehicle accidents
so we consider motor vehicle
accidents as the #1 cause of death among 15 – 19 yr. olds.
Soooooo ……what are some types of unintentional injury?
The most common types of unintentional injuries in the workplace are
What is the government agency that was created to help prevent work-related injuries, illness and death?