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Objective: To examine the formation of the New Deal. Hoover was blamed for doing nothing about the Depression. Democrats nominated the governor of New York, FDR (cousin of Theodore Roosevelt) Democrats won the majority in the House and Senate. 1932 – FDR is Elected. Franklin Delano Roosevelt.

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Objective: To examine the formation of the New Deal.


1932 fdr is elected

Hoover was blamed for doing nothing about the Depression.

Democrats nominated the governor of New York, FDR (cousin of Theodore Roosevelt)

Democrats won the majority in the House and Senate

1932 – FDR is Elected


Franklin Delano Roosevelt

  • Franklin Delano Roosevelt (FDR) won the 1932 Presidential election.


  • In his inauguration speech, FDR stated that, “the only thing we have to fear is fear itself.”

Inauguration of FDR, March 4, 1933


FDR QUOTES

“Men are not prisoners of fate, but only prisoners of their own mind.”

“A conservative is a man with two perfectly good legs who has never learned to walk.”

“It is common sense to take a method and try it. If it fails, admit it frankly and try another. But above all, try something.”



Most diverse administration in US history: including blacks, Jews, Catholics, and women. Frances Perkins became 1st female Cabinet member as Secretary of Labor


II. Jews, Catholics, and women. Frances Perkins became 1st female Cabinet member as Secretary of Labor plans for economic Recovery

I.Relief for the unemployed

The New Deal had three major goals:

III. Reforms to prevent another depression


The first 100 days

Wave of initial action of New Deal during FDR Jews, Catholics, and women. Frances Perkins became 1st female Cabinet member as Secretary of Labor’s first 3 months in office

Deficit spending

1st problem: bank failure.

The First 100 Days


  • Roosevelt declared a Jews, Catholics, and women. Frances Perkins became 1st female Cabinet member as Secretary of Labor“bank holiday”, closing every bank in the nation for eight days.


  • Congress then passed the Jews, Catholics, and women. Frances Perkins became 1st female Cabinet member as Secretary of LaborEmergency Banking Relief Act, which only allowed banks to open if they had enough funds to pay their depositors.

FDR signing the Emergency Banking Relief Act into law.


Fireside Chats Jews, Catholics, and women. Frances Perkins became 1st female Cabinet member as Secretary of Labor

  • FDR gave 30 radio speeches to the nation, which became known as fireside chats.

FDR’s first fireside chat on the bank crisis. (March 12, 1933)


  • FDR Jews, Catholics, and women. Frances Perkins became 1st female Cabinet member as Secretary of Labor’s first fireside chat reassured people that banks were safe to use again.


Glass steagall act

Established the FDIC Jews, Catholics, and women. Frances Perkins became 1st female Cabinet member as Secretary of Labor

Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation

Provided insurance to

individual bank accounts

initially $2,500

(today $250,000)

Glass-Steagall Act


Federal securities act

The Jews, Catholics, and women. Frances Perkins became 1st female Cabinet member as Secretary of LaborSEC, Securities Exchange Commission was created to regulate the stock market.

Practices must be open

to the public.

No insider trading.

Federal Securities Act


21 st amendment

End of prohibition: increase revenue by legalizing some alcohol sales (sin taxes).

What are some ways sin taxes are used today to fund local, state, or federal finances?

21st Amendment


Help is on the way

The Agricultural Adjustment Act – farmers were paid to slow down production, which would raise prices.

The Civilian Conservation Corps

Built roads, parks, planted trees, and developed flood control.

Help is on the Way!


And more

The Public Works Administration / National Industrial Recoveries Act

Built schools and government buildings

Built roads and bridges

The National Recovery Administration

Set prices and minimum wages

And More…


Fdr faces opposition

Critics say his Recoveries Act“Big Government” has gone too far…

Some like Huey Long & Father Coughlin say it hasn’t gone far enough.

The courts strike down NRA and AAA.

He is accused of assuming legislative powers.

FDR has an answer – let’s pack the Supreme Court

FDR Faces Opposition


Court packing plan

FDR wanted to increase justices from 9 to 13 Recoveries Act

Congress said no (1st time), but he ended up nominating 7 new judges over his terms in office.

Court Packing Plan


Dorothea lange
Dorothea Lange Recoveries Act

The Photographer of the People


Eleanor roosevelt
Eleanor Roosevelt Recoveries Act

The ‘conscience” of the New Deal.

“The future belongs to those who believe in the beauty of their dreams.”

“No one can make you feel inferior without your consent.”


2 nd new deal

1936 – FDR was re-elected. Recoveries Act

The Soil Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act – rewarded farmers for good farming practices.

A second draft of the AAA was passed.

The Resettlement Administration allocated over $1 billion in loans to small farmers.

2nd New Deal


Works progress administration

1935 – 1943, $11 billion spent to create jobs. Recoveries Act

850 airports

651,000 miles of roads

125,000 public buildings

Works Progress Administration


The wagner act fair labor standards act

National Labor Relations Act (Sponsored by Senator Robert Wagner)

Supported union rights

Prohibited firing of union members

Fair Labor Standards Act

Reduced work week to 40 hours

Minimum wage – 25 cents

(40 cents by 1945)

Banned hazardous work for minors

The Wagner Act & Fair Labor Standards Act


Social security act

Old Age Insurance – employee paid half and employer paid half.

Unemployment Insurance – employees could draw from this if out of work.

Aid to Families w/Dependent Children and the Disabled

Social Security Act


The New Deal: half.

The Works

Progress

Administration


National youth administration

Provided education, jobs, counseling, and recreation to young people.

Issued part time jobs for students

Found work for drop-outs

National Youth Administration


And still more

National Housing Act & young people.

The Federal Housing Commission

Home Owners Loan Corporation provided loans to homeowners in default

The Federal Emergency Relief Administration

Provided funds for direct relief to

poor / needy

And Still More…


The WPA young people.“Dollar”


WPA: The young people.

Federal Arts

Project


Artists of the WPA young people.


Kansas City young people.from Politics, Farming, & the Law

Thomas Hart Benton,1936


The Annual Move young people.by Otis Dozier, 1936


Construction of the Dam young people.by William Gropper


Women of Flint, MI young people.by Joseph Varak


WPA: The young people.

Federal Music

Project


WPA: The young people.

Federal Theater

Project


The Cradle Will Rock young people., 1937

The theater, when it’s good, is always dangerous!

Orson Welles & John Houseman


WPA: The young people.

Federal Writers

Project


WPA Bookbinding young people.


The young people.

Federal Writers

Project:

WPA Travel Guides


The young people.American Guide Series


The young people.

Federal Writers

Project:

Oral Histories


Former Slave young people.Interviews


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