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agenda. 1.24.12. QUIZ (out of 7)…. Define imperialism. List the 4 major motives for European imperialism. List one Southeast Asian colony ruled by the British. Define protectorate Who led the Filipino fight for independence? Was the Filipino fight for independence successful?

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Quiz out of 7

QUIZ (out of 7)…

  • Define imperialism.

  • List the 4 major motives for European imperialism.

  • List one Southeast Asian colony ruled by the British.

  • Define protectorate

  • Who led the Filipino fight for independence?

  • Was the Filipino fight for independence successful?

  • What is the difference between indirect and direct control over colonies?

  • List one negative impact of colonization on the peoples of SE Asia.

  • T or F – early resistance movements in colonized nations were largely successful

Quiz answers


  • The extension of a country’s power over other lands.

  • Economic motives, competition, desire to spread Christianity and racism/Social Darwinism

  • Singapore and Burma

  • A political unit that depends on another government for its protection.

  • Emilio Aguinaldo

  • No

  • Indirect = colonized peoples ruled on behalf of the colonizing countryDirect = local rulers were replaced by Western rulers

  • Plantation agriculture – foreign owners, local laborers earning horrible wages and getting almost no profit from exports. Bad conditions lead to death.

  • F


  • Homework – read and outline pages 456 – 458 AND pages 461 – 463 DUE TOMORROW!!!!

  • Collect paragraphs

  • DRILL – list the 7 continents.




Mini quiz


  • T or F – by 1914, Egypt was a protectorate of Great Britain.

  • Why were both Britain AND France interested in controlling Egypt?

  • The Suez Canal connected what two bodies of water?

  • Explain Social Darwinism in your own words.


  • Homework – read ALL of 14.3 (466 – 471) and take notea

  • Ota BengaRead article& discuss

Chapter 14 section 2

Chapter 14, Section 2

Empire Building in Africa

Africa before imperialism

Africa before Imperialism

  • Before colonization, Africa was divided into 100s of ethnic groups and languages

  • Many people practiced traditional religions

  • Powerful African armies, rough terrain and African-controlled trade networks prevented any European domination. Until…

Nations compete for overseas empires

Nations Compete for Overseas Empires

  • Central Africa Sparks Interest –

    • Dr. Livingstone (1860s), European guy, went to the Congo looking for the mouth of the Nile

    • Livingstone stayed in the Congo and other white guys thought he was missing. A guy named Henry Stanley came looking for him.

    • Stanley found him.

    • Stanley then convinced the Africans to sign treaties with the Belgians – the Congo River Valley went to King Leopold II of Belgium

Hypocritical leopold

Hypocritical Leopold

  • King Leopold from Belgium took over the Congo

  • Leopold said he wanted to stop the slave trade

  • Then Leopold exploited the Africans

  • Other European countries got jealous


  • Native laborers who failed to meet rubber collection quotas were often punished by having their hands cut off

  • Isn’t the white man awesome?

Hypocrisy in the colonies

Hypocrisy in the Colonies

  • King Leopold II – his companies forced Africans to

    • Complete forced labor

    • Pay high taxes

    • Collect sap from rubber plants

Cecil rhodes

Cecil Rhodes

  • Thought Anglo-Saxons were the superior race

  • Got $$$$ by exploitingAfrican resources

Forces enabling imperialism

Forces Enabling Imperialism

  • Europeans had a lot of advantages

    • Better technology – guns etc.

    • Means to control an empire; railroads, cables, steamers allowed close communication within a colony, and between the colony and the imperializing nation

    • Europeans found drug to cure malaria (quinine)

    • Africans lacked weapons and unity


  • Once gold was found in 1867 (in Sudan), and in 1886 (South Africa), the scramble for Africa began

  • Berlin Conference

    • 14 European nations met at the Berlin conference in 1884-1885

    • No African representative

    • Agreed that any European nation could claim land in Africa by notifying other nations and by showing control over the area

Results of the berlin conference

Results of the Berlin Conference

  • Africa was literally divided up into European colonies

  • By 1914, Ethiopia and Liberia were the only two African territories free from European control.

South africa

South Africa

  • In South Africa, Zulu warriors were led by a guy named Shaka Zulu.

  • Shaka was awesome

  • When he died, the Zulu were conquered by the British

Three groups clash in s africa

Three Groups Clash in S. Africa

  • Africans, Dutch and British all want control of S. Africa

  • Major fights = Zulu versus the British and Boers (Dutch settlers) vs. the British

  • Many Boers were forced to move north in the “Great Trek” to avoid the British

  • Once they got north, the Boers started fighting with the Zulu and other Africans

The boer war

The Boer War

  • Between the Dutch and the British

  • First modern “total war” – British burned down Boer farms and imprisoned women and children in concentration camps

  • Britain won – 1902 the Boer territories were all ceded to the British

Boer women and children at a concentration camp

Boer women and children at a concentration camp

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