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The Devastation of Europe & Japan. Chapter 32 Section 5. I Europe in Ruins. Blitzkrieg & Allied bombings left major cities of Europe in shambles Survivors lived under horrible conditions Others fled becoming displaced  different country after post war boundaries redrawn

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The devastation of europe japan

The Devastation of Europe & Japan

Chapter 32 Section 5


I europe in ruins
I Europe in Ruins

  • Blitzkrieg & Allied bombings left major cities of Europe in shambles

    • Survivors lived under horrible conditions

    • Others fled becoming displaced  different country after post war boundaries redrawn

  • Even after the war famine and disease spread through bombed out cities


Ii postwar governments politics
II Postwar Governments & Politics

  • After war, Communist Party promised change  rise in Com. Party member in Euro

  • Scared Europeans voted for anti-communist parties

    **WIL LATER EFFECT THE COLD WAR**

  • Nuremburg Trials= 1st time government officials were held legally responsible for war crimes

    • Int’l Military Tribunal heard trials


Iii the effects of defeat in japan
III The Effects of Defeat in Japan

  • Cities destroyed by Allied bombing & stripped away lands that had belonged to Japan for centuries

  • MacArthur in charge of US occupation

    • Began demilitarization= disbanding of the Japanese armed forces

    • Then democratization= process of creating a government elected by the people

  • MacArthur creates a new constitution


Iv u s occupation brings deep changes
IV U.S. Occupation Brings Deep Changes

  • New constitution  emperor declares he’s not god

    • Now just a symbol like GB’s king

  • 2 house parliament = Diet

  • Bill of rights

  • Art.9 = no longer make war. Only fight if attacked

  • WWII changed pol. & Physical landscape

    • Some countries weaker & other stronger

  • Differences among US & SU would  Cold War


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