Chapter 18- Foreign Policy (FP). (1). Outline history of US Foreign Policy (FP) from isolationism thru Cold War to post- Cold War era .
- War on Terrorism; - War with Iraq; - North Korea; - Arab-Israeli conflict - Domestic economic slump; - the uncertain future;
1798-1941 The Isolationist Era
1942-1945 World War II (start of“Globalism”)
1946-1989 The Cold War
1990-present Post-Cold War
New category after 9/11/2001
Let’s examine these periods in greater detail
A foreign policy built on the principle of avoiding formal military and political alliances with other countries.
A basic principle of U.S. foreign policy that dates back to a warning President James Monroe issued in 1823 that the United States would resist further European efforts to intervene in the affairs of the Western Hemisphere.
Impact on American Public Opinion?
Following WWII=> US rethinks previousisolationism
A bedrock principle of U.S. foreign policy from mid 1940s to early 1990s that emphasized the need to contain any further Soviet territorial & communist ideological expansion.Containment
What was the economic instrument of Containment?
What was the military instrument of Containment?
From US perspective, Soviets engaged indirectly through NK & China
The majority of Americans support US policy & the war until 1968
US-Soviet relations declined even more when Ronald Reagan took office (“Evil Empire” Speech)
White House Staff
Foreign Policy Bureaucracies
How much power & influence does each have on FP?*
Let’s examine each more closely
CIA & Intel Community
Let’s examine their specific Foreign Policy roles
Constitution (Article I) assigns Congress explicit powers
Result: Considerabletheoretical influence in foreign policy
Before WWI & II, Congress tended to assert greater role in Foreign Policy
During the 1950s and 1960sCongress typically deferred to the Executive Branch
(Since WWII & start of Cold War)
During 1970s and 1980sCongressional activism in foreign policy grew (Post Vietnam & Watergate)
Post 9/11 Congress tended to defer to President (at first)
Now appears to be re-asserting itself as war becomes unpopularCongress & Foreign Policy
Another way to look at Defense Spending?*
Disagreements about the goals and strategies of American foreign policy for 21st century
An ever changing foreign policy agenda
Cold War => Post Cold War => Bush Doctrine
Unilateralversus multilateral*FP approach
How are they different?*Future Challenges to US Foreign Policy
The tendency of the US to act alone in foreign affairs without consulting other countries.
Three or more Nations cooperate together to solve some common foreign policy problem
Unilateralism vs. Multilateralism
Particular approach selectedwill depend on the major
FP problems the US will face during the 21st Century