CONFIRMATION BIAS. Confirmation Bias: A Ubiquitous Phenomenon in Many Guises Raymond Nicholson, TUFTS Review of General Psychology 50+ pages non-technical 7 full pages of references Francis Bacon (1620) “…great and pernicious predetermination…” Poyla (1954)
Building a Case
**no expectation of impartiality
Evaluation of Evidence
Observed: A white shoe
Concluded: All ravens are black.
Logic: All observed non-black things are non-ravens (the Contrapositive)
Silly? All these insurgents are Muslim…