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The Romantic Period (1820-1900). Year 10 IGCSE 2009-2010. Period Characteristics. Stressed emotion, imagination, individuality Freedom of __________________ Spontaneous and imaginative The physical world FOCUS: Working class and the poor. Characteristics of Romantic Music.

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The romantic period 1820 1900

The Romantic Period (1820-1900)

Year 10 IGCSE

2009-2010


Period characteristics
Period Characteristics

Stressed emotion, imagination, individuality

Freedom of __________________

Spontaneous and imaginative

The physical world

FOCUS: Working class and the poor


Characteristics of romantic music
Characteristics of Romantic Music

Emotional intensity remains

Expressive, song like (from classical)

Greater range of _____, ______, _______

More unstable chords, more tension, less balance


Specific characteristics
Specific Characteristics

Individuality of Style

Unique to personalities

Expressive Subjects

Unpredictability, longing, Shakespeare subjects

Nationalism

Musical EXOTICISM

Myths, legends

Program Music

Association with a story or idea

Associated with literature


Musical characteristics
Musical Characteristics

Tone Color

Rich, sensuous, mood, ___________

Orchestra had 100 musicians later

Brass, woodwind, percussion more active

Required more virtuosic techniques

_____________ –romantic favorite, now improved

Harmony

New chords, chromatic harmony, dissonance, variety of keys, modulations


Musical characteristics cont d
Musical Characteristics Cont’d

Bigger Range

Bigger range: _______ and _______ used

Rubato and accelerations

Miniatures and Monumental

Moods created from one melody and few chords

Also some gigantic words – Berlioz and Wagner

Compositions were longer and extended

Thematic transformations


Romantic composers
Romantic Composers

Beethoven first to be free

Aristocrats couldn’t afford private opera houses

Composers poor, now write for middle class

Formations of philharmonics and conservatories

Private music making – piano at home

Less familiar support


The art song
The Art Song

Solo voice and piano, poetry and music

STROPHIC

THROUGH COMPOSED

SONG CYCLE


Detailed look program music
Detailed Look: Program Music

Instrumental music based on: poem, story

Ie. Symphony Fantastique – Berlioz

Suggest mood, sounds, exploits musical elements

___________ is important

Usually: piano and orchestra


Romantic music forms
Romantic Music Forms

PROGRAM SYMPHONY –

CONCERT OVERTURE –

SYMPHONIC POEM/TONE POEM –

INCIDENTAL MUSIC –


Closer look nationalism
Closer Look: Nationalism

19th Century – homeland important

Fold songs, dances, original folk flavours

History, legends, landscapes


Russian five
Russian Five

Nationalistic

Ancient church modes

Irregular meter (5 beats/bar)

RUSSIAN 5 – all have other occupations


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