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Public Speaking. Glen Whitman Dept. of Economics CSUN. The Traditional Rules (or, what they told me in high school speech class). “Tell ’em what you’re gonna tell ’em; then tell ’em; then tell ’em what ya told ’em.” Use three-point structure, and signpost.

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Public Speaking

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Public Speaking

Glen Whitman

Dept. of Economics

CSUN


The Traditional Rules(or, what they told me in high school speech class)

  • “Tell ’em what you’re gonna tell ’em; then tell ’em; then tell ’em what ya told ’em.”

  • Use three-point structure, and signpost.

  • Establish base position, then use body paragraphing.

  • Have regular eye contact with audience.

  • Eliminate filler words (um, uh, y’know).


Breaking the Rules

  • The traditional rules are only guidelines. Good public speakers will break them.

  • The learning process:

Adhere strictly to the

traditional rules.

Selectively break

rules to avoid rigidity.

Start making the classic

errors again.

Develop your own

speaking style.


Dealing with Nervousness

  • Practice… but not too much.

  • Be on time.

  • Perform stress-release rituals before speaking.

  • Always have water on hand.

  • Learn your own tics and be ready to deal with them.


Pleasing the Audience

  • Don’t go overtime.

    • Better to make a few points well than a dozen points poorly.

    • Plan which sections to leave out if necessary.

  • Be friendly and respectful.

  • Use examples and anecdotes.

  • Feel free to use humor, but don’t force it.


Using Notes

  • Do not write your whole speech on cards!

  • Use cards for the general outline.

  • Use cards for quotations, as well as specific sentences that must be stated a certain way.

  • If you’re relying too much on your notes, you probably have too many of them.


Using Slides and PowerPoint

  • Use a simple, non-flashy design.

  • Use a large, readable font.

  • Avoid screen-reading.

  • Avoid walking between projector and screen.


Keeping the Attention on You

  • Have very few points per slide.

  • Write less on your slides than you intend to say aloud.

  • Use fly-outs to ration information.


Handling Q&A

  • Don’t be defensive.

  • Be prepared to concede points and admit error.

  • Be prepared to admit your ignorance.

  • Take notes for long questions.

  • Answer the specific question, but return to the big picture (if you have time).


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