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CURRICULUM REFORM IN FINNISH BASIC AND GENERAL UPPER SECONDARY EDUCATION. Kristina Kaihari-Salminen Senior adviser 5.5.2006. NEW DISTRIBUTION OF LESSON HOURS IN BASIC EDUCATION. CURRICULUM REFORM 2 000-2006. Principles Equal opportunities and quality of learning

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curriculum reform in finnish basic and general upper secondary education

CURRICULUM REFORM IN FINNISH BASIC AND GENERAL UPPER SECONDARY EDUCATION

Kristina Kaihari-Salminen

Senior adviser

5.5.2006

curriculum reform 2 000 2006
CURRICULUM REFORM 2000-2006

Principles

  • Equal opportunities and quality of learning
  • Effect of pre-school education
  • Coherent basic education
  • Good basic skills
  • Guidance and welfare services for pupils
  • Pupils’ and parents’ and guardians’ rights and roles
  • Criteria for good achievements
curriculum reform 2000 2006 decisions and their implementation
CURRICULUM REFORM 2000-2006 Decisions and their implementation
  • National core curriculum for Pre-School Education 2001
    • Safe and caring learning environment
    • Supporting learning and co-operative skills
  • National core curriculum for grades 1 and 2 of Comprehensive School 2002
    • Continuity from the pre-school education
  • National core curriculum for Basic Education 2004
    • Implementation between autumn 2004 and autumn 2006
  • National core curriculum for the General Upper Secondary School 2003
    • Implementation as of autumn 2005
curriculum reform 2000 2006 an example of local curriculum design
CURRICULUM REFORM 2000-2006An example of local curriculum design
  • Local authorities give municipal guidelines, supervise schools and support schools by training and guidance
  • Every school draws up the school curriculum according to the national and municipal guidelines
  • Also parents and pupils participate in curriculum design
  • Local education authorities decide on the school curriculum
curriculum reform 2000 2006 elements of the school curriculum 1
CURRICULUM REFORM 2000-2006 Elements of the school curriculum (1)
  • Basic values and goals for teaching and learning
  • Shared ideas about teaching and learning
  • Organising teaching and learning

- Conception of learning, learning environment, principles for the selection of teaching methods

- Allocation of lesson hours, language programme, criteria for pupil intake, teaching arrangements with other schools and partners

curriculum reform 2000 2006 elements of the school curriculum 2
CURRICULUM REFORM 2000-2006Elements of the school curriculum (2)
  • Goals and structures for learning support and special education
    • Pupil guidance and counselling, individual study plan
    • Remedial teaching, part-time special education and special education
    • Preparatory education for immigrant children
  • Goals and structures for pupil welfare services
    • Welfare services, after-school activities, activities outside lessons, school meals and transport services
  • Goals and contents, methods and assessment procedures in different subjects
  • Subjects and cross-curricular themes
upper secondary school distribution of lesson hours 2002
UPPER SECONDARY SCHOOLDistribution of lesson hours 2002

1 course

= 38 lessons of 45 minutes

= 1 weekly lesson in a school year

Compulsory and specialisation courses

Compulsory

Specialisation

courses

courses

Subject or subject group

6

3

Mother tongue and literature

Languages

2

6

Language starting in grades 1-6 of

basic education (A-language)

Language starting in grades 7-9 of

basic education (B-language)

Other languages

5

2

16

Mathematics

Basic syllabus or

Advanced syllabus

6

2

10

3

Environmental and natural sciences

Biology

Geography

Physics

Chemistry

3

2

2

2

7

1

1

4

Religion / Ethics

3

2

Philosophy

1

3

1

Psychology

4

4

2

History

Social studies

2

2

Art and physical education

5

Physical education

Music

Visual arts

2

3

1- 2

3

3

1- 2

Health education

2

1

1

Educational and vocational guidance

1

Compulsory courses

47-51

Specialisation courses, minimum

Applied courses

10

75

Minimum total number of courses

general upper secondary education syllabus 1
GENERAL UPPER SECONDARY EDUCATIONSYLLABUS (1)
  • Studies consist of compulsory, specialisation and applied courses
  • Specialisation courses are elective courses relating to compulsory courses
  • The students must include at least ten specialisation courses as part of their study plan
  • Each upper secondary school may provide school-specific specialisation courses
general upper secondary education syllabus 2
GENERAL UPPER SECONDARY EDUCATIONSYLLABUS (2)
  • Each upper secondary school may also provide applied courses
  • Minimum number of 75 courses are required for the completion of upper secondary education syllabus
general upper secondary education curriculum reform
GENERAL UPPER SECONDARY EDUCATION Curriculum Reform
  • New National Core Curriculum drawn up by the Finnish National Board of Education 2003
  • Local curricula will be drawn up in accordance with the National Core Curriculum
  • New curricula was implemented as of 1st August 2005
general upper secondary education the curriculum reform aims at 1
GENERAL UPPER SECONDARY EDUCATION The Curriculum Reform aims at (1)
  • Taking into account the changes in legislation and in society (e.g. development of technology, globalization, networking, sustainable development)
  • Safeguarding the existence of small upper secondary schools
  • Emphasising the special character of the general upper secondary education as the provider of general education
general upper secondary education the curriculum reform aims at 2
GENERAL UPPER SECONDARY EDUCATIONThe Curriculum Reform aims at (2)
  • Defining the aims and contents more exactly than in the National Core Curriculum of 1994
  • Encouraging the schools to create study environments in accordance with the current conception of learning
general upper secondary education special features
GENERAL UPPER SECONDARY EDUCATION Special Features
  • 18 subjects + student counselling
  • Extensive language programme
  • Flexible structures for:

- making local decisions concerning curriculum

(providers of education)

- drawing up annual work plan (school)

- drawing up individual study plan (student)

- completing matriculation examination (student)

slide15

GENERAL UPPER SECONDARY EDUCATION- a student´s point of view (1)

  • entrance requirements
  • studies
    • the school year is divided into 5 or 6 periods each offering different course options, no permanent groups
    • the student plans his/her own schedule for each period and his/her study programme with the help of a student counsellor
    • consist of courses which are not tied to grades
slide16

GENERAL UPPER SECONDARY EDUCATION- a student´s point of view (2)

  • duration
    • usually three years, may be completed in two or four years
  • assessment, examinations and certificates
    • each course to be assessed
    • general upper secondary education syllabus (minimum 75 courses)
    • matriculation examination
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