SECURITY OF CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE
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SECURITY OF CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE PRESENTATION BY DR.P.S.PASRICHA, FORMER DGP, MAHARASHTRA PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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SECURITY OF CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE PRESENTATION BY DR.P.S.PASRICHA, FORMER DGP, MAHARASHTRA. SECURITY OF CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE. Anti national forces making determined bid to hurt our economy and impede our progress Consequently, our economic infrastructure and

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SECURITY OF CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE PRESENTATION BY DR.P.S.PASRICHA, FORMER DGP, MAHARASHTRA

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SECURITY OF CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE

PRESENTATION

BY

DR.P.S.PASRICHA,

FORMER DGP, MAHARASHTRA


SECURITY OF CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE

  • Anti national forces making determined bid to hurt

    our economy and impede our progress

  • Consequently, our economic infrastructure and

    key assets are highly vulnerable

  • Need to secure our country’s critical infrastructure


DEFINITION OF CRITICAL INFRASTRUCUTRE

  • Covers those systems and assets so vital to the

    nation that their destruction, fully or partially, would

    affect the security, economy and safety of a large

    section of society

  • The criticality lies because its incapacity or

    destruction may have a debilitating impact on

    regional or national economy/security


CRITICAL INFRASTRUCUTRE

  • Includes

  • Nuclear/Space installations

  • Oil and Gas installations

  • Power Plants and Main Power Grids

  • Major Dams

  • Major Airports, Ports, Chemical Plants

  • Mass Transit Systems

  • Telecommunication Systems & I.T

  • Defence installations and Research organizations


KEYASSETS

  • These are individual targets whose destruction may

    not endanger vital systems but could create local

    disorder or damage nation’s pride

    Example: Important monuments like Taj Mahal,

    certain temples/mosques, Parliament House, State

    Legislature, etc.


CURRENT THREATS

  • Atomic/Nuclear Installations

  • Vulnerability increases in view of the Indo-US

  • agreement on “Civil Nuclear Energy Co-operation” 

  • During last two years, more than 50 Pak espionage

  • rings busted

  • LeT and JeM backed by ISI/Al Qaeda are in the

    forefront


Defence Installations

  • Ordnance factories, especially those

    located close to the naxal affected areas,

    merit special vigilance

    In any case, Ordnance factories are also

    prone to blasts/fire incidents


Communicationssector

  • Since communication network is very

    important for the law enforcing agencies,

    insurgent/extremist groups as well as

    crime mafia would always want to

    disrupt the system to facilitate their own

    movements


Dams/Power Sector

  • Some of the project sites stock

    explosives and hence their vulnerability

  • Many Power Plants located on dams are

    also tourist attractions, which renders

    access control rather difficult


I.T.Sector

  • With increasing inter-dependency on IT,

    failure of one area of the IT can lead to

    failure of other parts with the synergistic

    effect on information industry

  • Cyber attacks cannot be ruled out in the

    near future


Airports and Seaports

  • They continue to be the prime targets 

  • Carriage of war materials along with iron

    scrap, etc. through the ports is a cause

    of serious concern


Mass Transit System

  • The 7/11 serial bomb blast on the Mumbai suburban

    railways and bomb explosions on various

    upcountry trains in different parts of the country

    are pointer to the vulnerability of the mass transit

    systems

  • Delhi Metro and any other such transportation

    network would need special surveillance


SOMECONCERNS…..

  • No built-in security component in the design of

    most of our Critical Infrastructure facilities

  • Inadequate manpower

  • Near-absence of technical support

  • Inadequate sensitization and training of the staff

Contd. . . .


  • Poor co-ordination mechanism

  • Intelligence cells inadequate

  • Lack of threat appreciation by the Management

  • Inadequate access control

  • Absence of information sharing mechanism

  • Lack of disaster management schemes in place

Contd. . . .


  • With the globalization of Indian economy, many

    C.I. facilities now being owned by private sector

  • Therefore, important to sensitise and

    train the private sector management on access

    control and use of latest technology


CURRENT SYSTEM OF PROTECTION OF CI

  • The security of most CIs covered by State Police or

    by Departmental/Private Security

  • The Central Para Military Forces associated with

    hyper and super sensitive installations

  • Security audits conducted by I.B.


CI PROTECTION IN OTHER COUNTRIES

  • At most places, national security agencies closely

    associated

  • In some countries, Critical Infrastructure Warning

    Information Network in place

  • In USA, Information Sharing and Analysis Centre

    (ISAC) allows information sharing with private

    sector as well


MEASURES SUGGESTED

  • Identification of CIs and Prioritization of the

    security requirements

  • Need for intelligence cells at each CI and to evolve

    information sharing mechanism with all agencies

  • Use of technical gadgets for enhancing security

  • CISF could be nominated to act as the nodal

    agency to advise the State Police Forces on

    technical surveillance and other security measures

Contd. . . .


  • Close coordination with privately owned CIs

  • While designing security plans, inter- dependency

  • of various CIs must be borne in mind

  • Creation of State Security Force

  • Designating a Nodal Officer in every State

  • Co-ordination and Review Committees under DGP


EVOLVING A NATIONAL STRATEGY

  • Urgent need to evolve a national strategy and to

    set up a National Agency to perform the following

    tasks:

  • Conduct vulnerability analysis

  • Issue warnings against threats

  • Suggest remedial plans

  • Response in case of attack on CIs

  • Restoration of services after attack

Contd. . . .


  • Education and awareness within public and

    private sectors

  • Research and development

  • International co-operation

  • The agency must have:

    Trusted Information Sharing Network

    & Its Sub-centres in each State for

    co-ordination


SETTING UP A REGULATORY AUTHORITY

  • It may be examined later whether we need a

    Regulatory Authority at the national level with the

    task of laying down various norms and standards

    of security and ensuring their implementation?


TO SUM UP…………

  • The threat to CIs and Key Assets are real.

    CI protection must, therefore, be accorded

    overwhelming priority

  • Needless to say, without adequate security

    no development can take place.


Thank You


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