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SECURITY OF CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE PRESENTATION BY DR.P.S.PASRICHA, FORMER DGP, MAHARASHTRA. SECURITY OF CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE. Anti national forces making determined bid to hurt our economy and impede our progress Consequently, our economic infrastructure and

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slide1

SECURITY OF CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE

PRESENTATION

BY

DR.P.S.PASRICHA,

FORMER DGP, MAHARASHTRA

slide2

SECURITY OF CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE

  • Anti national forces making determined bid to hurt

our economy and impede our progress

  • Consequently, our economic infrastructure and

key assets are highly vulnerable

  • Need to secure our country’s critical infrastructure
slide3

DEFINITION OF CRITICAL INFRASTRUCUTRE

  • Covers those systems and assets so vital to the

nation that their destruction, fully or partially, would

affect the security, economy and safety of a large

section of society

  • The criticality lies because its incapacity or

destruction may have a debilitating impact on

regional or national economy/security

slide4

CRITICAL INFRASTRUCUTRE

  • Includes
  • Nuclear/Space installations
  • Oil and Gas installations
  • Power Plants and Main Power Grids
  • Major Dams
  • Major Airports, Ports, Chemical Plants
  • Mass Transit Systems
  • Telecommunication Systems & I.T
  • Defence installations and Research organizations
slide5

KEYASSETS

  • These are individual targets whose destruction may

not endanger vital systems but could create local

disorder or damage nation’s pride

Example: Important monuments like Taj Mahal,

certain temples/mosques, Parliament House, State

Legislature, etc.

slide6

CURRENT THREATS

  • Atomic/Nuclear Installations
  • Vulnerability increases in view of the Indo-US
  • agreement on “Civil Nuclear Energy Co-operation” 
  • During last two years, more than 50 Pak espionage
  • rings busted
  • LeT and JeM backed by ISI/Al Qaeda are in the

forefront

slide7

Defence Installations

  • Ordnance factories, especially those

located close to the naxal affected areas,

merit special vigilance

In any case, Ordnance factories are also

prone to blasts/fire incidents

slide8

Communicationssector

  • Since communication network is very

important for the law enforcing agencies,

insurgent/extremist groups as well as

crime mafia would always want to

disrupt the system to facilitate their own

movements

slide9

Dams/Power Sector

  • Some of the project sites stock

explosives and hence their vulnerability

  • Many Power Plants located on dams are

also tourist attractions, which renders

access control rather difficult

slide10

I.T.Sector

  • With increasing inter-dependency on IT,

failure of one area of the IT can lead to

failure of other parts with the synergistic

effect on information industry

  • Cyber attacks cannot be ruled out in the

near future

slide11

Airports and Seaports

  • They continue to be the prime targets 
  • Carriage of war materials along with iron

scrap, etc. through the ports is a cause

of serious concern

slide12

Mass Transit System

  • The 7/11 serial bomb blast on the Mumbai suburban

railways and bomb explosions on various

upcountry trains in different parts of the country

are pointer to the vulnerability of the mass transit

systems

  • Delhi Metro and any other such transportation

network would need special surveillance

slide13

SOMECONCERNS…..

  • No built-in security component in the design of

most of our Critical Infrastructure facilities

  • Inadequate manpower
  • Near-absence of technical support
  • Inadequate sensitization and training of the staff

Contd. . . .

slide14

Poor co-ordination mechanism

  • Intelligence cells inadequate
  • Lack of threat appreciation by the Management
  • Inadequate access control
  • Absence of information sharing mechanism
  • Lack of disaster management schemes in place

Contd. . . .

slide15

With the globalization of Indian economy, many

C.I. facilities now being owned by private sector

  • Therefore, important to sensitise and

train the private sector management on access

control and use of latest technology

slide16

CURRENT SYSTEM OF PROTECTION OF CI

  • The security of most CIs covered by State Police or

by Departmental/Private Security

  • The Central Para Military Forces associated with

hyper and super sensitive installations

  • Security audits conducted by I.B.
slide17

CI PROTECTION IN OTHER COUNTRIES

  • At most places, national security agencies closely

associated

  • In some countries, Critical Infrastructure Warning

Information Network in place

  • In USA, Information Sharing and Analysis Centre

(ISAC) allows information sharing with private

sector as well

slide18

MEASURES SUGGESTED

  • Identification of CIs and Prioritization of the

security requirements

  • Need for intelligence cells at each CI and to evolve

information sharing mechanism with all agencies

  • Use of technical gadgets for enhancing security
  • CISF could be nominated to act as the nodal

agency to advise the State Police Forces on

technical surveillance and other security measures

Contd. . . .

slide19

Close coordination with privately owned CIs

  • While designing security plans, inter- dependency
  • of various CIs must be borne in mind
  • Creation of State Security Force
  • Designating a Nodal Officer in every State
  • Co-ordination and Review Committees under DGP
slide20

EVOLVING A NATIONAL STRATEGY

  • Urgent need to evolve a national strategy and to

set up a National Agency to perform the following

tasks:

  • Conduct vulnerability analysis
  • Issue warnings against threats
  • Suggest remedial plans
  • Response in case of attack on CIs
  • Restoration of services after attack

Contd. . . .

slide21

Education and awareness within public and

private sectors

  • Research and development
  • International co-operation
  • The agency must have:

Trusted Information Sharing Network

& Its Sub-centres in each State for

co-ordination

slide22

SETTING UP A REGULATORY AUTHORITY

  • It may be examined later whether we need a

Regulatory Authority at the national level with the

task of laying down various norms and standards

of security and ensuring their implementation?

slide23

TO SUM UP…………

  • The threat to CIs and Key Assets are real.

CI protection must, therefore, be accorded

overwhelming priority

  • Needless to say, without adequate security

no development can take place.

ad