Orcid participant meeting harvard university may 18 2011
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ORCID Participant Meeting Harvard University May 18, 2011. Lisa Schiff, Ph.D. Technical Lead Publishing Group California Digital Library [email protected] ORCID Use Cases from the CDL. California Digital Library (CDL). History Established 1997 Support UC’s pursuit of scholarship

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ORCID Use Cases from the CDL

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Orcid participant meeting harvard university may 18 2011

ORCID Participant Meeting

Harvard University May 18, 2011

Lisa Schiff, Ph.D.

Technical Lead

Publishing Group

California Digital Library

[email protected]

ORCID Use Cases from the CDL


California digital library cdl

California Digital Library (CDL)

History

  • Established 1997

  • Support UC’s pursuit of scholarship

  • Extend the University’s public service mission

  • Partner in research

Programs

  • Collections

  • Digital Special Collections

  • Discovery & Delivery

  •  Publishing Group

  • University of California Curation Center (UC3)

    Services

  • Business Services

  • Information Services

  • Infrastructure & Applications Support Services

  • Strategic and Project Planning Services

  • User Experience Design Services

California Digital Library @ the University of California


Open access publishing services

Open Access Publishing Services

  • Digital Publishing

    • Journals

    • Books/Monographic Series

    • Working Papers

    • Conference Proceedings

    • Seminar/Paper Series

  • Traditional “Repository”

    • Postprints

  • New or Upcoming

    • UC ETDs

    • Streaming media

    • Undergraduate publications

    • Datasets

California Digital Library @ the University of California


Orcid use cases from the cdl

ORCID Use Cases from the CDL

  • ORCIDs in eScholarship’s Publishing Workflow

  • ORCIDs & Data Mgmt/Publishing Services

  • Support Researchers in Obtaining ORCIDs

  • Name Disambiguation in Access & Discovery Applications

  • Archival authority control disambiguation in EAC Records

  • Receiving/Sharing Publications with 3rd Parties

  • Publication Records

  • “Expert Finder” Systems

  • HR/Administrative Systems Record

California Digital Library @ the University of California


Orcids in escholarship s publishing workflow

ORCIDs in eScholarship’s Publishing Workflow

  • Capture ORCIDs as part of eScholarship submission and publishing workflows for new and previously published content and include in the object’s metadata

    • Allow users to submit or

    • Query an ORCID service based on name/institution and have users confirm or

    • Retrieve a set of candidate ORCIDs and have the user choose or

    • Prompt the user to generate

California Digital Library @ the University of California


Orcids data mgmt publishing services

ORCIDs & Data Mgmt/Publishing Services

  • Assist/allow inclusion of ORCIDs when researchers

    • Deposit data sets into CDL’s Merritt Preservation Repository

    • Create EZIDs for datasets

    • Generate data management plans

    • Publish data sets or associate them with publications

  • Use ORCIDs to support the ability to

    • Promote robust data citation and ensure proper accrual of credit for data set creation.

    • Help researchers meet NSF data management plan requirements

    • Ensure clear attribution for datasets made publicly available.

California Digital Library @ the University of California


Support researchers in obtaining orcids

Support Researchers in Obtaining ORCIDs

  • Help UC affiliated researchers acquire ORCIDS

    • As part of the publication process, when submitting/publishing through eScholarship

    • Independent of the publication process

      • As a new service of eScholarship

      • Supports inclusion of ORCIDS when using other CDL services (EZID, Merritt, etc.)

California Digital Library @ the University of California


Author profile in submission workflow

Author Profile in Submission Workflow

California Digital Library @ the University of California


Submission publishing related challenges 1

Submission & Publishing Related Challenges (1)

  • Individual researchers

    • Users won’t remember their ORCIDs—how to work w/them to get the right one?

      • Will ORCID have an easy way for people to remind themselves of their ORCID?

      • What routines would have to be in place to ensure that users choose/provide the correct ORCID?

    • Metadata fatigue--requiring ORCIDs is not realistic, how to encourage instead?

    • How will proxy submitters (journal editors, unit administrators, research assistants, librarians) discover/affirm ORCIDS?

  • Multiple authors

    • How to efficiently capture ORCIDs for all authors, not just submitting?

    • How are high numbers of authors handled--some publications have hundreds

  • What about corporate authors?

California Digital Library @ the University of California


Multiple authors

Multiple Authors


Corporate authors

Corporate Authors


Submission publishing related challenges 2

Submission & Publishing Related Challenges (2)

  • Workflow

    • For articles undergoing peer review, where in the workflow should ORCIDs be included—after a publication has been accepted? Before? Does it matter?

    • Would timeframe for obtaining an ORCID disrupt the submission workflow and stop submissions?

    • Batch submission—how will ORCIDs in batch uploaded content be checked? How to deal with errors or ambiguity?

    • Current process and metadata structures will need to be extended to accommodate ORCIDs.

  • Support

    • Who will address ORCID related questions and problems (AKA customer support)?

    • Will ORCID services be 24 x 7?

  • Cost

    • How will the costs of contributing to and receiving data from ORCID be distributed?

    • If researchers can use ORCID for free (for their own information), will there be costs to institutions who develop systems to facilitate that use?

California Digital Library @ the University of California


Name disambiguation in access discovery applications

Name Disambiguation in Access & Discovery Applications

  • Improve end-user search and browse experiences by disambiguating author names via reliance on an underlying identifier

    • Browse lists can resolve to a preferred form

    • Search routines can map user submitted versions to preferred form

  • Important in any system with an end-user interface, from repositories to catalogs

California Digital Library @ the University of California


Name ambiguity in the wild

Name Ambiguity in the Wild


Disambiguation challenges

Disambiguation Challenges

  • Canonical/preferred name forms, how will we choose what to use when?

  • Name variation vs. corrections—will authors introduce errors?

  • How to indicate that duplicate names for different people are not errors (a problem that already exists, but may be highlighted with improved disambiguation)

California Digital Library @ the University of California


Archival authority control disambiguation in encoded archival context records

Archival authority control disambiguation in Encoded Archival Context Records

  • The Social Networks and Archival Context (SNAC) project & prototype

    • Creating a body of Encoded Archival Context – Corporations, Persons, and Families (EAC-CPF) biographical authority records

    • Processing various historical sources and archival collection descriptions by employing advanced informatics techniques that utilize records from the Virtual International Authority File (VIAF). 

    • Entity name creation is challenging: “Buffalo Bill” http://socialarchive.iath.virginia.edu/xtf/data/Buffalo Bill 1846-1917-cr.xml

    • Identifiers come from multiple sources

  • Long-term sustainability and maintenance requires a more robust, managed unique identifier service for entity IDs. 

California Digital Library @ the University of California


Snac challenges

SNAC Challenges

  • Orphans—individuals who are deceased, emeritus or otherwise no longer engaged with their past research

  • Individuals who are not researchers, e.g. Buffalo Bill

  • Require a single source of identifiers

California Digital Library @ the University of California


Receiving sharing publications with 3 rd parties

Receiving/Sharing Publications with 3rd Parties

  • Improve accuracy of publication sharing with 3rd parties

    • BioMed Central, PubMed, RePec, LoC, WorldCat, etc.

  • Current solutions rely on email addresses

    • Generates both false positives and false negatives

California Digital Library @ the University of California


Sharing challenges

“Sharing” Challenges

  • Varying degrees of ORCID adoption by 3rd parties

    • Will the quality of received need to be checked?

  • Inconsistent levels of ORCID creation by researchers

  • Will there be a standard for exposing ORCIDS in records? Where in Dublin Core, OAI-PMH, etc.

  • Inclusion of ORCIDs in output like OAI-PMH will vary tremendously during the early-adoption period

  • Will authors want to restrict how their identifiers are shared?

  • Will authors want reporting on how their identifiers are shared?

California Digital Library @ the University of California


Publication records

Publication Records

  • Provide utilities that help UC affiliated researchers establish ORCID aware publication records

    • Claim publications

    • Reject attribution

    • Dispute various attributions

    • Indicate different types of published content (journal articles vs. “data papers”)

  • Use ORCID to help faculty generate publication records for

    • Review purposes

      • Tailored to specific campus/dept requirements

      • Work in partnership with campus based initiatives campus

    • Grant applications/reporting

  • Organizational records

    • Identify all publications across researchers associated with an entity that has an ORCID

California Digital Library @ the University of California


Publication record challenges

Publication Record Challenges

  • High Stakes—can’t get it wrong

  • More systems = more confusion

    • What do faculty do where?

  • Reporting systems are diverse/complex

    • Will an ORCID “seeded”/generated record be just one component that has to be then further customized?

  • Will organizations or research units have ORCIDS?

California Digital Library @ the University of California


Expert finder systems

“Expert Finder” Systems

  • Administrators want to identify high profile faculty

  • Researchers want to find collaborators in other fields

California Digital Library @ the University of California


Expert finder challenges

“Expert Finder” Challenges

  • ORCID will have publications, but publications don’t necessarily map to administrators’ views of disciplines

  • How is expertise defined?

California Digital Library @ the University of California


Hr administrative systems

HR/Administrative Systems

  • Faculty HR IDs could be replaced w/ORCIDs or synchronized with them

  • Could be incorporated into other employment related systems

  • Opportunities at campus and system levels

California Digital Library @ the University of California


Hr admin system challenges

HR/Admin System Challenges

  • High stakes—need to get it right

  • ORCID talking to PeopleSoft, etc.

  • Lots of customer support required

  • Variety of business systems could increase all kinds of demands on systems

California Digital Library @ the University of California


Final thoughts

Final Thoughts

  • ORCID can help

    • Existing systems

      • Work better

      • Provide new services to faculty

      • Integrate with other systems

    • Researchers/faculty

      • Better manage their research output

      • Comply with requirements from funding agencies to administrative entities

  • Areas of concern

    • Resources required to bring ORCID into systems, existing or new

    • Usability issues related to ORCID incorporation

    • Varying researcher participation rates

California Digital Library @ the University of California


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