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STATEMENT: Girls Have Lower Rates and Less Severe ADHD than Boys Is this true?. Myth # 7: Girls Have Lower Rates and Less Severe ADHD than Boys.

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STATEMENT: Girls Have Lower Rates and Less Severe ADHD than Boys Is this true?

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Statement girls have lower rates and less severe adhd than boys is this true

STATEMENT:Girls Have Lower Rates and Less Severe ADHD than BoysIs this true?


Myth 7 girls have lower rates and less severe adhd than boys

Myth # 7: Girls Have Lower Rates and Less Severe ADHD than Boys

  • According to the Surgeon General's Report on Mental Health (2001) girls are less likely to receive a diagnosis of and treatment for ADHD compared to boys despite need. Gaub and Carlson (1997) found that girls with ADHD have greater intellectual impairment, but lower rates of hyperactivity and externalizing disorders compared to boys. Girls with ADHD have more severe internalizing disorders than boys, and both show more similarities than differences in symptoms and treatment needs. Biederman et al. (1999) found that girls with ADHD were more likely to have conduct problems, mood and anxiety disorders, lower IQ, and more impairment on social, family and school functioning than non-referred girls. However, conduct problems were lower in girls than in males with ADHD, which may account for lower referral rates in community and school samples. Girls in clinic samples also had high rates of substance abuse, alcohol, drug and cigarette use, and were at an increased risk for panic and obsessive compulsive disorders (Biederman et al., 1999).

  • http://www.help4adhd.org/en/about/myths#myth4


Statement girls have lower rates and less severe adhd than boys is this true

References

Barkley, R. A., (1998). Attention-deficithyperactivitydisorder: A handbookfor diagnosis and treatment. New York: GuildfordPress.

Barkley, R. A., Fischer, M., Edelbrock, C., & Smallish, L. (1990). Theadolescentoutcome of hyperactivechildrendiagnosedbyresearchcriteria: I. An 8-year prospectivefollow-up study. Journal of the American Academy of Child & AdolescentPsychiatry, 29, 546-557.

Biederman, J., Faraone, S., Mick, E., Williamson, S., Wilens, T., Spencer, T., Weber, W., Jettson, J. Kraus, I., Pert, J., Zallen, B. (1999). Clinicalcorrelates of AD/HD in females: Findingsfrom a largegroup of girlsascertainedfrompediatric and psychiatricreferralsources. Journal of the American Academy of Child and AdolescentPsychiatry, 38, 966-975.

Bussing, R., Zima, B.T., Perwien, A.R., Belin, T.R., & Widawski, M. (1998). Children in specialeducationprograms: Attentiondeficithyperactivitydisorder, use of services and unmetneeds. American Journal of PublicHealth, 88, 880-886.

Cuffe, S.P., McKeown, R., Jackson, K., Addy, S., Abramson, R., & Garrison, C. (2001). Prevalence of attention-deficit/hyperactivitydisorder in a community of olderadolescents. Journal of the American Academy of Child and AdolescentPsychiatry, 40, 1037-1044.

Fischer, M., Barkley, R. A., Smallish, L., & Fletcher, K. (2002). Young adultfollow-up of hyperactivechildren: Self-reportedpsychiatricdisorders, comorbidity, and the role of childhoodconductproblems and teen CD. Journal of AbnormalChildPsychology, 30, 463-475.

Goldman, L.S., Genel, M., Bezman, R.J., & Slanetz, P.J. (1998). Diagnosis and treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivitydisorder in children and adolescents. Council onScientificAffairs, American Medical Association. Journal of the American Medical Association, 297, 1100-1107.

Goodman, R. & Stevenson, J. (1989). A twinstudy of hyperactivity: II. Theaetiological role of genes, familyrelationships, and perinatal adversity. Journal of ChildPsychology and Psychiatry, 30, 691-709.

Gaub, M., & Carlson, C. L. (1997). Genderdifferences in AD/HD: A meta-analysis and criticalreview. Journal of the American Academy of Child and AdolescentPsychiatry, 36, 1036-1045.

Hoza, B., Owens, J.S., Pelham, W.E., Swanson, J.M., Conners, C.K., Hinshaw, S., Arnold, L., & Kraemer, H.C. (2000). Parentcognitions as predictors of childtreatment response in attention-deficit/hyperactivitydisorder. Journal of AbnormalChildPsychology, 28, 569- 583.

Hunt, R.D. (1997). Nosology, neurobiology, and clinicalpatterns of AD/HD in adults. PsychiatryAnnuls, 27, 572-581.

Ingram, S., Hechtman, L., & Morgenstern, G. (1999). Outcomeissues in AD/HD: Adolescent and adultlong-termoutcome. Mental Retardation and DevelopmentalDisabilitiesResearchReviews, 5, 243-250.

Jensen, P.S., Hinshaw, S., Swanson, J., Greenhill, L., Conners, K., Arnold, E. et al. (2001). Findingsfromthe NIMH multimodal treatmentstudy of AD/HD (MTA): Implications and applicationsforprimarycareproviders. Developmental and BehavioralPediatrics, 22, 60-73.

Jensen, P.S., Kettle, L., Roper, M.T., Sloan, M.T., Dulcan, M.K., Hoven, C., Bird, H., Bauermister, J., & Payne, J. (1999). Are stimulantsoverprescribed? Treatment of AD/HD in four U.S. communities. Journal of the American Academy of Child and AdolescentPsychiatry, 38, 797-804.

Johnston, C., & Freeman, W. (2002). Parent'sbeliefsabout AD/HD: Implicationsforassessment and treatment. AD/HD Report, 10, (6-9).

Johnston, C., & Paternaude, R. (1994). Parentattributionsforinattentive-overactive and oppositional-defiantchildbehaviors. CognitiveTherapy and Research, 18, 261-275.

Leibson, C.L., Katusic, S. K., Barbaresi, W.J., Ransom, J., & O?Brien, P.C. (2001). Use and cost of medical careforchildren and adolescentswith and withoutattention- deficit/hyperactivitydisorder. JAMA, 285, 60-66.

MTA CooperativeGroup. (1999). A 14-month randomizedclinical trial of treatmentstrategiesforattention-deficit/hyperactivitydisorder. Archives of General Psychiatry, 56, 1073- 1086.

Murphy, K., & Barkley, R. A. (1996). Attentiondeficithyperactivitydisorder in adults. ComprehensivePsychiatry, 37, 393-401.

NationalInstitutes of HealthConsensusDevelopmentConferenceStatement: Diagnosis and Treatment of AttentionDeficit/HyperactivityDisorder (AD/HD) (2000). Journal of the American Academy of Child and AdolescentPsychiatry, 39, 182-193.

Panksepp, J. (1998). Attentiondeficithyperactivitydisorders, psychostimulants, and intolerance of childplayfulness: A tragedy in themaking? CurrentDirections in PsychologicalScience, 7, 91-98.

Rucklidge, J., & Tanner, R. (2001). Psychiatric, psychosocial, and cognitivefunctioning of Femaleadolescentswith AD/HD. Journal of the American Academy of Child and AdolescentPsychiatry, 40, 530-540.

Safer, D. (2000). Are stiumulantsoverprescribedforyouthswith AD/HD? Annals of ClinicalPsychiatry, 12, 55- 62.

Safer, D.J., & Malever, M. (2000). Stimulanttreatment in Maryland publicschools. Pediatrics, 106, 533-539. SurgeonGeneral?sReport, (2001). Report of theSurgeonGeneral?sConferenceonChildren?s mental Health: A NationalAction Agenda. Department of Health and Human Services.

Teeter, P. A., (1998). Interventionsfor AD/HD: Treatment in developmentalcontext. New York: GuilfordPress.

Wolraich, M.L., Hannah, J.N., Pinnock, T.Y., Baumgaertel, A., & Brown, J. (1996). Comparison of diagnosticcriteriaforattention-deficithyperactivitydisorder in a county-widesample. Journal of American Academy of Child and AdolescentPsychiatry, 35, 319-324.

Thisarticleoriginallyappeared in the June 2003 issue of Attention! magazine.


True boys are more prone to adhd

True – boys are more proneto ADHD

Do More Boys Have ADHD Than Girls?

Published: 09/10/2013

Why do boys have more ADHD than girls?

When you hear about a child having attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), you are more likely to see that it’s a boy. The question quickly arises whether it is possible for more boys to suffer from ADHD as opposed to girls. If the answer is yes then what are the reasons which cause a marked increase in the number of boys having ADHD than the girls?

Numerous medical studies have been conducted to reach a conclusion and the results have shown that ADHD actually is more common in boys than girls. According to many research findings, boys are three times more likely to suffer from ADHD when compared to girls. Experimental research data collected during these trials of various US areas have shown that 13.2% of school-aged boys and 5.6% of girls suffer from ADHD.

What Is The Reason Behind These Statistics?

The most common reason that medical professionals agree that more boys than girls suffer from ADHD has to do with the belief that ADHD is directly link to X-chromosomes. Since girls have two X-chromosomes, they are less likely to be affected with this condition. Even if one of their X-chromosome carries the defect causing ADHD, a girl’s second X-chromosome is likely to act as a backup and minimize the symptoms. Whereas boys only have one X-chromosome and if the gene defect is present in that chromosome, there is no backup to help minimize the effect.


Statement girls have lower rates and less severe adhd than boys is this true

  • Are There Any Differing Viewpoints?

  • Sure there are! There are many experts who tend to disagree that boys are more likely to have ADHA in comparison to girls. According to Dr. Marjorie Montague, a PhD professor of special education at the University of Miami, boys are more likely to be diagnosed of ADHD as they are more energetic and can show symptoms more clearly such as hyperactivity and restlessness. On the contrary, girls are less likely to display these symptoms and often go undetected of suffering from ADHD. That however does not mean that girls do not suffer from ADHD as much as boys do.

  • Parents who notice unusual symptoms such as restlessness, inattentiveness, impulsiveness, hyperactivity or lack of concentration in their children; whether boys or girls; should discuss them with their child’s doctor. Early detection of ADHD can help your child lead a normal and healthy life while managing the symptoms of ADHD at both home and school.

  • See more at: http://healthagy.com/do-more-boys-have-adhd-than-girls/#sthash.34quwDXS.dpuf

  • http://healthagy.com/do-more-boys-have-adhd-than-girls/


So what do you think now

So what do youthinknow?


Statement chewing gum is bad for your health is this true

STATEMENT: Chewinggumisbadforyourhealth.Is this true?


Statement girls have lower rates and less severe adhd than boys is this true

What does chewing gum do?

The physical act of chewing increases the flow of saliva in your mouth.  If you chew after eating, the increased salivary flow can help neutralize and wash away the acids that are produced when food is broken down by the bacteria in plaque on your teeth.  Over time, acid can break down tooth enamel, creating the conditions for decay.  Increased saliva flow also carries with it more calcium and phosphate to help strengthen tooth enamel. Clinical studies have shown that chewing sugarless gum for 20 minutes following meals can help prevent tooth decay.  In the future, look for chewing gum that delivers a variety of therapeutic agents that could provide additional benefits to those provided by the ability of gum to mechanically stimulate saliva flow. For instance, some gum might contain active agents that could enhance the gum’s ability to remineralize teeth and reduce decay, or enable gum to help reduce plaque and gingivitis.


So what do you think now1

So what do youthinknow?


A nd finally what connection does all this have to the enlightenment

and finally….WhatconnectiondoesallthishavetotheEnlightenment?

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http://moonknightxp.blogspot.com/2012/02/18th-century-art.html


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