Health Psychology. Mind-Body Relationship. From earliest times – mind and body generally thought of as one unit Disease understood as resulting from some type of divine (supernatural) cause - possession, punishment from god(s), etc. Mind-Body Relationship.
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possession, punishment from god(s), etc.
“the aggregate of the specific educational, scientific, and professional contributions of the discipline of psychology to the promotion and maintenance of health, the prevention and treatment of illness, the identification of aetiologic and diagnostic correlates of health, illness, and related dysfunction, and to the analysis and improvement of the health care system and health policy formation.”
* are short term
* have identifiable causes
* can be treated
* cannot be cured, only managed
* people must live with these diseases for years, leading to a number of issues of coping
McKinlay and McKinlay (1981)
To examine the range of psychosocial factors that influence people’s health behavior, their susceptibility and reactions to illness states and responses to medical treatment.