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US History. Constitution Chapter Section 2. Formatting the Feds. The Legislative Branch Congress – the legislative branch that makes laws, levees taxes, and declares wars Constituents – people of the home districts of representatives

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US History

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Us history

US History

Constitution Chapter

Section 2


Formatting the feds

Formatting the Feds

  • The Legislative Branch

    • Congress – the legislative branch that makes laws, levees taxes, and declares wars

      • Constituents – people of the home districts of representatives

    • The House of Representatives – 435 delegates from 50 states

      • At least 25 years old

      • 2-year terms

    • The Senate – 100 delegates from 50 states

      • At least 30 years old

      • 6-year terms (1/3 of the Senate seats are elected every 2 years)

    • Two main Functions:

      • Set Laws

      • Appropriate – to set aside

    • Impeach – to bring formal charges against (any federal official) – House of Representatives

    • Senate – ratify treaties and confirm appointments


I m just a bill

I’m Just a Bill

  • Bills – proposed laws

  • Types of Committees in the Congress

    • Standing Committees – permanent groups that specialize in a specific topic

    • Sub-Committees – groups that focus on an issue or problem

    • Select Committees – groups for special issues that arise

    • Joint Committees – groups that have members from both houses

    • Conference Committees – compromise about a specific bill

  • “Pigeonholing” – setting aside a bill indefinitely

  • Overrides – overriding a Presidential veto takes 2/3 vote of members of both houses of Congress


The top dawg

The Top Dawg…

  • The Executive Branch – the CEO of the government

    • Chief Executive – responsible for carrying out nation’s laws

    • Chief Diplomat – director of foreign policy

    • Commander in Chief – leader of the nation’s military

    • Chief of State – representative of all Americans

    • Legislative Leader – proposes laws to Congress

  • Executive Office of the President (EOP) – direct assistance to the President

    • 14 Executive Departments – all with different roles

    • Cabinet – the heads (secretaries) of the different departments


Interpreting america

Interpreting America

  • The Judicial Branch – the deciders of lawfulness

    • Led by the Supreme Court

    • Judiciary Act – Congress set up a series of district courts

  • Levels of Court:

    • District Courts – Criminal or Civil Cases that come under the jurisdiction of the federal (not state) courts

    • Appeals Courts – the reviewing court of the District Court’s opinions

      • 14 Appeals Courts in the nation

    • Supreme Court – top law making group

      • 9 Justices (Congress can change number – 5 to 10 in history)

      • Roles: deciding what cases to hear, deciding the cases, determining an explanation of the decision

      • Opinion – the written explanation of a court decision

  • Public Policy – it is legal and political shaping

  • Judicial Review

    • The Supreme Court may challenge the ruling of a state or local court

    • Marbury v Madison – first case invoking Judicial review

    • Ex parte Milligan - the Court can challenge a President too

    • Brown v Board of Education of Topeka - the Court’s decision that segregation is wrong and unconstitutional


Dfs 7 3

DFS 7-3

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