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US History. Constitution Chapter Section 2. Formatting the Feds. The Legislative Branch Congress – the legislative branch that makes laws, levees taxes, and declares wars Constituents – people of the home districts of representatives

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us history

US History

Constitution Chapter

Section 2

formatting the feds
Formatting the Feds
  • The Legislative Branch
    • Congress – the legislative branch that makes laws, levees taxes, and declares wars
      • Constituents – people of the home districts of representatives
    • The House of Representatives – 435 delegates from 50 states
      • At least 25 years old
      • 2-year terms
    • The Senate – 100 delegates from 50 states
      • At least 30 years old
      • 6-year terms (1/3 of the Senate seats are elected every 2 years)
    • Two main Functions:
      • Set Laws
      • Appropriate – to set aside
    • Impeach – to bring formal charges against (any federal official) – House of Representatives
    • Senate – ratify treaties and confirm appointments
i m just a bill
I’m Just a Bill
  • Bills – proposed laws
  • Types of Committees in the Congress
    • Standing Committees – permanent groups that specialize in a specific topic
    • Sub-Committees – groups that focus on an issue or problem
    • Select Committees – groups for special issues that arise
    • Joint Committees – groups that have members from both houses
    • Conference Committees – compromise about a specific bill
  • “Pigeonholing” – setting aside a bill indefinitely
  • Overrides – overriding a Presidential veto takes 2/3 vote of members of both houses of Congress
the top dawg
The Top Dawg…
  • The Executive Branch – the CEO of the government
    • Chief Executive – responsible for carrying out nation’s laws
    • Chief Diplomat – director of foreign policy
    • Commander in Chief – leader of the nation’s military
    • Chief of State – representative of all Americans
    • Legislative Leader – proposes laws to Congress
  • Executive Office of the President (EOP) – direct assistance to the President
    • 14 Executive Departments – all with different roles
    • Cabinet – the heads (secretaries) of the different departments
interpreting america
Interpreting America
  • The Judicial Branch – the deciders of lawfulness
    • Led by the Supreme Court
    • Judiciary Act – Congress set up a series of district courts
  • Levels of Court:
    • District Courts – Criminal or Civil Cases that come under the jurisdiction of the federal (not state) courts
    • Appeals Courts – the reviewing court of the District Court’s opinions
      • 14 Appeals Courts in the nation
    • Supreme Court – top law making group
      • 9 Justices (Congress can change number – 5 to 10 in history)
      • Roles: deciding what cases to hear, deciding the cases, determining an explanation of the decision
      • Opinion – the written explanation of a court decision
  • Public Policy – it is legal and political shaping
  • Judicial Review
    • The Supreme Court may challenge the ruling of a state or local court
    • Marbury v Madison – first case invoking Judicial review
    • Ex parte Milligan - the Court can challenge a President too
    • Brown v Board of Education of Topeka - the Court’s decision that segregation is wrong and unconstitutional
dfs 7 3

DFS 7-3

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