Preparing for radiation incidents need for volunteers
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Georgia RRVC Hands-On Training Workshop, Nov 16th, 2013. Preparing for Radiation Incidents & Need for Volunteers. Armin Ansari, PhD Health Physicist. Topics. The need to prepare for radiation emergencies Public health response to such emergencies The need for volunteers.

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Preparing for Radiation Incidents & Need for Volunteers

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Preparing for radiation incidents need for volunteers

Georgia RRVC Hands-On Training Workshop, Nov 16th, 2013

Preparing for Radiation Incidents& Need for Volunteers

Armin Ansari, PhD

Health Physicist


Topics

Topics

  • The need to prepare for radiation emergencies

  • Public health response to such emergencies

  • The need for volunteers


Cbrne chemical biological radiological nuclear explosive

CBRNE(Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear, Explosive)

  • A nuclear incident involves a nuclear detonation

  • A radiological incident does NOT involve a nuclear detonation


Great east japan earthquake 2011

Great East Japan Earthquake 2011

Fukushima Daiichi

  • 170,000 evacuated from the 20-km radius

  • 450,000 people in 2600 evacuation centers

  • Environmental and agricultural impact

  • Psychosocial Impact


Monitoring at shelters reception centers japan 2011

Monitoring at Shelters & Reception CentersJapan 2011


A nuclear incident

A Nuclear Incident

  • Improvised Nuclear Device (IND)

    • Different from Strategic Nuclear Weapon

  • Example:


Damage zones and fallout pattern

Damage Zones and Fallout Pattern


Public health response

Public Health Response


Public health functions after any disaster

Public Health Functions AfterAny Disaster

Rapid assessment of health and medical needs

Sheltering and housing, mass care safety

Injury and illness surveillance

Potable water, safe food, sanitation and hygiene

Vector control

Solid waste, waste water management

Hazardous material disposal

Registry

Handling of the deceased

Rumor control

Public service announcements


Preparing for radiation incidents need for volunteers

Would our community be affected?


Affected communities after hurricane katrina

Affected Communities after Hurricane Katrina


Local response

Local Response

  • Plan to receive a large population

    • Potential for contamination

    • Potential for injuries

    • Some may need immediate medical care

    • Most may need shelter/temporary housing

    • All would be stressed


Preparing for radiation incidents need for volunteers

Radiation IncidentsImpact on People

  • Fatality

  • Injury

  • Exposure to radiation

  • Contamination with radioactive material

  • Anxiety

  • Displacement

Population Monitoring


National response framework nuclear radiological incident annex

National Response FrameworkNuclear/Radiological Incident Annex

Decontamination/Population Monitoring are:

“the responsibility of State, local, and tribal governments.”

www.fema.gov/emergency/nrf/


Community reception center crc

Community Reception Center (CRC)

The place to conduct “population monitoring”

Who will staff them?


Radiation response volunteer corps

Radiation Response Volunteer Corps

CDC, CRCPD, MRC Partnership

March 2011

www.crcpd.org/Homeland_Security/RRVC_FinalReport.pdf


Georgia mrc gem july 2009 peachtree ridge high school

Georgia MRC GEM– July 2009Peachtree Ridge High School


Orlando florida crc july 2011 cypress creek high school

Orlando, Florida CRC - July 2011Cypress Creek High School


Kansas city ks september 2012 kansas national guard armory

Kansas City, KS - September 2012Kansas National Guard Armory


The virtual community reception center vcrc

The Virtual Community Reception Center (vCRC)

  • Web-based training

  • Animated exploration area

  • Interactive flow diagram

  • Embedded video segments

  • Supporting resources

    • Job Action Sheets

    • Forms

    • customizable for jurisdiction

www.emergency.cdc.gov/radiation/crc/vcrc


Population monitoring guidance

Population Monitoring Guidance

http://emergency.cdc.gov/radiation/pdf/population-monitoring-guide.pdf


Volunteer response

Volunteer Response

“Self-efficacy is the primary predictor of willingness to respond.”

  • Self-efficacy: perceived ability to perform their volunteer duties

  • Response efficacy: their perceived impact on combating the given public health threat


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