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Georgia RRVC Hands-On Training Workshop, Nov 16th, 2013. Preparing for Radiation Incidents & Need for Volunteers. Armin Ansari, PhD Health Physicist. Topics. The need to prepare for radiation emergencies Public health response to such emergencies The need for volunteers.

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Presentation Transcript
topics
Topics
  • The need to prepare for radiation emergencies
  • Public health response to such emergencies
  • The need for volunteers
cbrne chemical biological radiological nuclear explosive
CBRNE(Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear, Explosive)
  • A nuclear incident involves a nuclear detonation
  • A radiological incident does NOT involve a nuclear detonation
great east japan earthquake 2011
Great East Japan Earthquake 2011

Fukushima Daiichi

  • 170,000 evacuated from the 20-km radius
  • 450,000 people in 2600 evacuation centers
  • Environmental and agricultural impact
  • Psychosocial Impact
a nuclear incident
A Nuclear Incident
  • Improvised Nuclear Device (IND)
    • Different from Strategic Nuclear Weapon
  • Example:
public health functions after any disaster
Public Health Functions AfterAny Disaster

Rapid assessment of health and medical needs

Sheltering and housing, mass care safety

Injury and illness surveillance

Potable water, safe food, sanitation and hygiene

Vector control

Solid waste, waste water management

Hazardous material disposal

Registry

Handling of the deceased

Rumor control

Public service announcements

local response
Local Response
  • Plan to receive a large population
    • Potential for contamination
    • Potential for injuries
    • Some may need immediate medical care
    • Most may need shelter/temporary housing
    • All would be stressed
slide13

Radiation IncidentsImpact on People

  • Fatality
  • Injury
  • Exposure to radiation
  • Contamination with radioactive material
  • Anxiety
  • Displacement

Population Monitoring

national response framework nuclear radiological incident annex
National Response FrameworkNuclear/Radiological Incident Annex

Decontamination/Population Monitoring are:

“the responsibility of State, local, and tribal governments.”

www.fema.gov/emergency/nrf/

community reception center crc

Community Reception Center (CRC)

The place to conduct “population monitoring”

Who will staff them?

radiation response volunteer corps
Radiation Response Volunteer Corps

CDC, CRCPD, MRC Partnership

March 2011

www.crcpd.org/Homeland_Security/RRVC_FinalReport.pdf

the virtual community reception center vcrc
The Virtual Community Reception Center (vCRC)
  • Web-based training
  • Animated exploration area
  • Interactive flow diagram
  • Embedded video segments
  • Supporting resources
    • Job Action Sheets
    • Forms
    • customizable for jurisdiction

www.emergency.cdc.gov/radiation/crc/vcrc

population monitoring guidance
Population Monitoring Guidance

http://emergency.cdc.gov/radiation/pdf/population-monitoring-guide.pdf

volunteer response
Volunteer Response

“Self-efficacy is the primary predictor of willingness to respond.”

  • Self-efficacy: perceived ability to perform their volunteer duties
  • Response efficacy: their perceived impact on combating the given public health threat
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