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Georgia RRVC Hands-On Training Workshop, Nov 16th, 2013. Preparing for Radiation Incidents & Need for Volunteers. Armin Ansari, PhD Health Physicist. Topics. The need to prepare for radiation emergencies Public health response to such emergencies The need for volunteers.

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Preparing for Radiation Incidents & Need for Volunteers

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Georgia RRVC Hands-On Training Workshop, Nov 16th, 2013

Preparing for Radiation Incidents& Need for Volunteers

Armin Ansari, PhD

Health Physicist


Topics

  • The need to prepare for radiation emergencies

  • Public health response to such emergencies

  • The need for volunteers


CBRNE(Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear, Explosive)

  • A nuclear incident involves a nuclear detonation

  • A radiological incident does NOT involve a nuclear detonation


Great East Japan Earthquake 2011

Fukushima Daiichi

  • 170,000 evacuated from the 20-km radius

  • 450,000 people in 2600 evacuation centers

  • Environmental and agricultural impact

  • Psychosocial Impact


Monitoring at Shelters & Reception CentersJapan 2011


A Nuclear Incident

  • Improvised Nuclear Device (IND)

    • Different from Strategic Nuclear Weapon

  • Example:


Damage Zones and Fallout Pattern


Public Health Response


Public Health Functions AfterAny Disaster

Rapid assessment of health and medical needs

Sheltering and housing, mass care safety

Injury and illness surveillance

Potable water, safe food, sanitation and hygiene

Vector control

Solid waste, waste water management

Hazardous material disposal

Registry

Handling of the deceased

Rumor control

Public service announcements


Would our community be affected?


Affected Communities after Hurricane Katrina


Local Response

  • Plan to receive a large population

    • Potential for contamination

    • Potential for injuries

    • Some may need immediate medical care

    • Most may need shelter/temporary housing

    • All would be stressed


Radiation IncidentsImpact on People

  • Fatality

  • Injury

  • Exposure to radiation

  • Contamination with radioactive material

  • Anxiety

  • Displacement

Population Monitoring


National Response FrameworkNuclear/Radiological Incident Annex

Decontamination/Population Monitoring are:

“the responsibility of State, local, and tribal governments.”

www.fema.gov/emergency/nrf/


Community Reception Center (CRC)

The place to conduct “population monitoring”

Who will staff them?


Radiation Response Volunteer Corps

CDC, CRCPD, MRC Partnership

March 2011

www.crcpd.org/Homeland_Security/RRVC_FinalReport.pdf


Georgia MRC GEM– July 2009Peachtree Ridge High School


Orlando, Florida CRC - July 2011Cypress Creek High School


Kansas City, KS - September 2012Kansas National Guard Armory


The Virtual Community Reception Center (vCRC)

  • Web-based training

  • Animated exploration area

  • Interactive flow diagram

  • Embedded video segments

  • Supporting resources

    • Job Action Sheets

    • Forms

    • customizable for jurisdiction

www.emergency.cdc.gov/radiation/crc/vcrc


Population Monitoring Guidance

http://emergency.cdc.gov/radiation/pdf/population-monitoring-guide.pdf


Volunteer Response

“Self-efficacy is the primary predictor of willingness to respond.”

  • Self-efficacy: perceived ability to perform their volunteer duties

  • Response efficacy: their perceived impact on combating the given public health threat


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