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Bell Ringer. M.Socrative.com – Room # 38178 Question: 1. WHEN, roughly, is Realism/Impressionism? I will pass out your notes from yesterday as soon as the bell rings – the answer to this question is on those notes. Realism & Impressionism. Art Movements. Realism. Realism.

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Bell ringer
Bell Ringer

  • M.Socrative.com – Room # 38178

  • Question:

    • 1. WHEN, roughly, is Realism/Impressionism?

      I will pass out your notes from yesterday as soon as the bell rings – the answer to this question is on those notes.




Realism1
Realism

  • Realism: the general attempt to depict subjects as they are considered to exist, without embellishment or interpretation and “in accordance to secular rules.”

  • Characteristics:

    • Realistic, accurate appearance of the world – almost as clear as a photograph

    • Spontaneous

    • Ordinary people doing ordinarythings (usually LABOROUS things)

    • Harmonious colors

    • Faithfulness to observed lighting and atmospheric effects


Realism2
Realism

  • Ran through the 1840s, 1850s, and 1860s

  • Central Figure: Gustave Courbet (1819-1877)

  • Courbet was influenced by the innovations of Corot in terms of the play of light on shadows and peripheral vision

  • His aim was to make an objective and unprejudiced record of the customs, ideas, and appearances of contemporary French society


Courbet s the stone breakers
Courbet’s “The Stone Breakers”

  • Courbet painted 2 men as he had seen them working beside the road.


Courbet s the stone breakers1
Courbet’s “The Stone Breakers”

  • The work is LIFE SIZE – 5ft x 8ft

  • Can tell the work is laborous


Courbet s a burial at ornans
Courbet’s “A Burial at Ornans”

  • Painted as he saw it – no one posed or arranged

  • Obscure, unknown people


Jean francois millet
Jean-Francois Millet

  • Millet (1814-1875)

  • Belonged to the Barbizon School, which focused upon a realistic-Romantic vision of landscape

  • Typically used peasants as his subject matter


Jean francois millet1
Jean-Francois Millet

  • He exalted the honest, simple life and work on the land

  • Determined to show the harsh reality of life

  • His worked was viewed as “anti-industrial”


Millet s woman baking bread
Millet’s “Woman baking bread”

  • The peasant emerges as an heroic figure

  • The peasant women has added height and dominance thanks to the painters point of view

  • Ordinary woman doing an ordinary thing


Other millet works
Other Millet Works

  • The Gleaners

The Sowers


Honore daumier
Honore Daumier

  • Daumier (1808-1879)

  • Depicted urban scenes


Daumier s the third class carriage
Daumier’s “The Third Class Carriage”

  • Shows the interior of a large, horse-drawn bus in Paris


Daumier s the third class carriage1
Daumier’s “The Third Class Carriage”

  • The viewer is in the seat opposite a grandmother, her daughter, and two grandchildren


Daumier s the third class carriage2
Daumier’s “The Third Class Carriage”

  • They form a strong compositional triangle that contrasts with the people behind them, but they’re still not posed


Edouard manet
EdouardManet

  • Manet (1832-1883)

  • Strove to paint “only what the eye can see”

  • His works go beyond a mere reflection of reality to a larger artistic reality

    • One which suggests that a painting has an internal logic different from the logic of familiar reality

  • Manet liberated the painter’s art from competition with the camera


Manet s luncheon on the grass
Manet’s “Luncheon on the Grass”

  • Realism, but leading to Impressionism


Manet s luncheon on the grass1
Manet’s “Luncheon on the Grass”

  • Manet sought to “speak in a new voice”


Manet s luncheon on the grass2
Manet’s “Luncheon on the Grass”

  • Shocked the public (female nude while men dressed) – dream like


Manet s luncheon on the grass3
Manet’s “Luncheon on the Grass”

  • Ordinary people – Manet’s model, his brother, and the sculptor Leenhof


Manet s luncheon on the grass4
Manet’s “Luncheon on the Grass”

  • Took reality and put it in a mythical setting – with mythical touches (nudity)


Impressionism
Impressionism

  • Impressionism: a new way of seeing reality through color and motion, style based on an understanding of the interrelated mechanisms of the camera (new technology) and the eye

  • These painters tried to outdo photography

  • Impressionists emphasized the presence of color within shadows

    • Vision consists of the result of light and color making an “impression” on the retina


Impressionism1
Impressionism

  • Characteristics:

    • Pleasant, comfortable scenes

    • Painted outdoors

    • Still ordinary people doing ordinary things, but PLEASANT things

    • Brushstrokes equalized across the canvas

    • Forms and objects best appear when the viewer is at a certain distance


Impressionism2
Impressionism

  • The style lasted about 15 years in its purest form

  • Profoundly influenced all painting that followed

  • Working outside, the impressionists concentrated on the effects of natural light on objects and atmosphere

  • Their experiments resulted in a profoundly different vision of the world around them


Impressionism3
Impressionism

  • For them, the painted canvas was a material covered with pigments (small color patches) which together, create lively, vibrant images

  • The subjects painted are impressions of landscapes, rivers, streets, cafes, theatres, and so on

  • Claude Monet brought impressionism to its birth


Claude monet
Claude Monet

  • Not to be confused with Manet

  • Monet (1840-1926)

  • Monet tried to find an art in modern life by recording everyday themes with on-the-spot, objective observations

  • Had two aims: (1) representation of contemporary subject matter and (2) optical truth (the way colors and textures really appear to the eye)


Claude monet1
Claude Monet

  • Monet’s paintings reflect an innocent joy in the world around him and intensely positive view of life

  • He sought to bring realism to his peak (still ordinary people doing ordinary things, just in a different direction)

  • His work encompasses scientific observation, the study of optics, and other aspects of human perception


Monet s on the seine at bennecourt
Monet’s “On the Seine at Bennecourt”

  • Conveys a pleasant picture of the times, an optimistic view rather than the often pessimistic outlook of the realists


Monet s on the seine at bennecourt1
Monet’s “On the Seine at Bennecourt”

  • Lack of atmospheric or linear perspective brings the entire painting to the foreground – no deep space


Monet s on the seine at bennecourt2
Monet’s “On the Seine at Bennecourt”

  • The scene is bright, alive, and pleasant – we’re comfortable


Monet s series
Monet’s “Series”

  • Monet painted several “series” (groups of paintings that work together or have a common theme)

  • Initially did them as a way of studying light and shadow

  • Most famous: the Water Lilies


Monet s water lillies
Monet’s “Water Lillies”

  • A series of approximately 250 paintings

  • The paintings depict Monet’s flower garden and were the main focus of his artist production the last 30 years of his life

  • (Many were painted while he suffered from cataracts)

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RnABizX0jIo


Mary cassatt
Mary Cassatt

  • Cassatt (1845-1926)

  • Came to Paris from Philadelphia

  • It was her wealth in the US that helped the impressionists gain exposure and acceptance in this country


Cassatt s the child s bath
Cassatt’s “The Child’s Bath”

  • Depicts her favorite subjects – women and children

  • Cassatt’s brushwork is far less obvious than that in other impressionist works

    • Helped conventional viewers understand the work and relate closer to the scene

  • Painted in clear, bright colors


Cassatt s the child s bath1
Cassatt’s “The Child’s Bath”

  • The subjects do NOT make eye contact with the viewer

  • The forms are purposeful, and they awaken interest, rather than emotion

  • Less brushstrokes and clearly not painting outdoors – but still a very pleasant comfortable scene

    • Realism is laborious!


Create your own

Create your Own...

Impressionist art classes


My impressionist painting
My Impressionist Painting

  • There are places that teach you to paint quickly – it won’t be the most gorgeous thing from up close, but looks great far away

  • “Uptown Art” is a very popular place in Louisville – off of Bardstown Road. Pinot’s Pallete is in St. Matthews and does the same thing.

  • Can be expensive ($40 for a 2-hour class) but includes all materials – canvas, paint, etc.





My impressionist painting4
My Impressionist Painting

  • This one is my MOMS! (the least artistic person on Earth!)




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