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Shohei BENIYA Associate Professor, Kobe University Research Fellow, DRI. Three things foreign residents in Kobe should know against disasters. 1. 1 . What is your major risk ? Risks are depend on your situation. 2. What are your major risks ? - Number of death per a year.

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Shohei beniya associate professor kobe university research fellow dri

Shohei BENIYA

Associate Professor, Kobe University

Research Fellow, DRI

Three things

foreign residents in Kobe

shouldknow against disasters

1


1 what is your major risk risks are depend on your situation
1.What is your major risk ?Risks are depend on your situation

2


What are your major risks number of death per a year
What are your major risks ? - Number of death per a year


What are your major risks number of death per a year1
What are your major risks ? - Number of death per a year

E:About 5,000

  • A: About 200

Accidents in mountain

  • B: About 300

  • Sea or river bathing

  • C: About 600

  • Murder

D: About 2,000

Fire

Traffic accidents

  • F: About 30,000

  • Suicide


How about natural disaster number of death per a year
How about natural disaster ? - Number of death per a year

Flood, sediment disaster About 70 per a year

Thunder 4 per a year

  • Snow disaster About 40 per a year

  • Earthquake About 6,500 per over 100 years ?

  • Tsunami About 20,000 per 100-1000 years ?

5


Why did people die by a natural disaster
Why did people die by a natural disaster ?

At the Kanto Earthquake in 1923,

90%of death were by burn death

At the Hanshin Awaji Earthquake in 1995,

80%of death were by crash of houses

At the Nigata Chuetsu Earthquake in 2004,

75%of death were “Indirect death”

At the East Japan Earthquake in 2011,

90%of death were by drowning death

6


Where do you live or work
Where do you live or work ?

If you live/work in Kobe or Hanshin area,

  • Small tsunami risk

  • Big risk of flood, high tide, and sediment disaster

If you live/work in strong houses and fixed the furniture,

  • Decrease earthquake damage risk

  • Lack of food and water, bad environment risk

If you live/work far from big river,

  • Small flood risk

  • But 80% of flood death occurred out of houses

7


When and where will you meet the disaster
When and Where will you meet the disaster ?

For Example;

If you will be elder,

Two third of death are elderly people.

If you walk the street,

Stone wall or outer wall are dangerous.

8


Who rescues you from crashed houses
Who rescues you from crashed houses ?

In the case of the Hanshin Awaji Earthquake

35 % were rescued by themselves

28 % were by friends or neighbors

3% were by the people passed by chance

2% were by rescue team like police, fire fighter etc

32 % were rescued by their families

1% were by others

9


2 what should we prepare stockpile and communication tools
2.What should we prepare ?Stockpile and Communication tools

10


Stockpiles of foods and daily goods
Stockpiles of foods and daily goods

  • After a great earthquake, foods and daily goods will be wiped out from stores over 1 week.

  • We should have over 1 week’s stockpiles in case of a Great Nankai Earthquake.

    List example of stockpiles

    • Water, foods, snack, portable water filter

    • Can, retort pouch food, vegetable juice or fruit juice

    • A portable toilet kit, tissue, plastic bag, sandal

    • Drug, medical kit, Spare eye glasses

    • Radio with flashlight, portable gas burner

    • List of contact information, telephone number

11


Effective communication tools
Effective communication tools

Disaster emergency message dial (171) with public phone

2) Disaster message board with mobile phone

3) E-mail, SNS, other web service with mobile phone or smart phone

12


Place of public phone can be searched by NTT webpage.

You may need coin to use a green public phone.

Outside

24housr

Outside

daytime

Inside

24hours

Inside

daytime

13


Disaster emergency message dial

Disaster Prevention Handbook:Protect Yourself from Earthquakes

by Tokushima prefectural international exchange association

14


Disaster message board

Disaster Prevention Handbook:Protect Yourself from Earthquakes

by Tokushima prefectural international exchange association

15


Collection of information
Collection of Information

Email service from local government: Area mail and Earthquake Early Warning with mobile phone or smart phone

Sings

One-segment broadcasting TV with mobile phone or smart phone

Radio

E-mail, SNS, other web service with mobile phone or smart phone

Word-of-mouth communication and rumor has many misunderstanding !

16


Area mail and earthquake early warning
Area mail and Earthquake Early Warning

Area mail ( and Earthquake Early Warning) is a warning system using e-mail system of mobile phone or smart phone.

Flood : Evacuation recommendation

Earthquake : Earthquake Early Warning

One way communication tool like broadcast.

Very useful system but Japanese language only !

17


Signs
Signs

Disaster Prevention Handbook:Protect Yourself from Earthquakes

by Tokushima prefectural international exchange association

18


3 how do we get more information
3.How do we get more information ?

19


Useful links for foreign residents
Useful links for foreign residents

Disaster Prevention Handbook:Protect Yourself from Earthquakes

by Tokushima prefectural international exchange association

http://www.clair.or.jp/j/multiculture/docs/tokushima_bosaihandbook.pdf

Disaster Prevention Guide for Children and Parents: 10 points to protect your family !

by Hyogo International Association

http://www.hyogo-ip.or.jp/mtss/bogo/

Disaster Prevention Handbook

Disaster Prevention Card

both are by Kobe International Center for Cooperation and Communication

http://www.kicc.jp/other/index_en.html

20


List for stockpiles by DRI

Newest version is only in Japanese language at webpage.

(Former version is available in English at DRI)

http://www.dri.ne.jp/download/

The Disaster Prevention Handbook for Foreigners

By Fukuoka Prefecture

http://www.pref.fukuoka.lg.jp/uploaded/life/68/68696_14597198_misc.pdf

Earthquake Survival Manual

By Tokyo Metropolitan Government

http://www.seikatubunka.metro.tokyo.jp/index3files/survivalmanual.pdf

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