Shohei beniya associate professor kobe university research fellow dri
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Shohei BENIYA Associate Professor, Kobe University Research Fellow, DRI. Three things foreign residents in Kobe should know against disasters. 1. 1 . What is your major risk ? Risks are depend on your situation. 2. What are your major risks ? - Number of death per a year.

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Shohei BENIYA Associate Professor, Kobe University Research Fellow, DRI

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Shohei beniya associate professor kobe university research fellow dri

Shohei BENIYA

Associate Professor, Kobe University

Research Fellow, DRI

Three things

foreign residents in Kobe

shouldknow against disasters

1


1 what is your major risk risks are depend on your situation

1.What is your major risk ?Risks are depend on your situation

2


What are your major risks number of death per a year

What are your major risks ? - Number of death per a year


What are your major risks number of death per a year1

What are your major risks ? - Number of death per a year

E:About 5,000

  • A: About 200

Accidents in mountain

  • B: About 300

  • Sea or river bathing

  • C: About 600

  • Murder

D: About 2,000

Fire

Traffic accidents

  • F: About 30,000

  • Suicide


How about natural disaster number of death per a year

How about natural disaster ? - Number of death per a year

Flood, sediment disaster About 70 per a year

Thunder 4 per a year

  • Snow disaster About 40 per a year

  • Earthquake About 6,500 per over 100 years ?

  • Tsunami About 20,000 per 100-1000 years ?

5


Why did people die by a natural disaster

Why did people die by a natural disaster ?

At the Kanto Earthquake in 1923,

90%of death were by burn death

At the Hanshin Awaji Earthquake in 1995,

80%of death were by crash of houses

At the Nigata Chuetsu Earthquake in 2004,

75%of death were “Indirect death”

At the East Japan Earthquake in 2011,

90%of death were by drowning death

6


Where do you live or work

Where do you live or work ?

If you live/work in Kobe or Hanshin area,

  • Small tsunami risk

  • Big risk of flood, high tide, and sediment disaster

If you live/work in strong houses and fixed the furniture,

  • Decrease earthquake damage risk

  • Lack of food and water, bad environment risk

If you live/work far from big river,

  • Small flood risk

  • But 80% of flood death occurred out of houses

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When and where will you meet the disaster

When and Where will you meet the disaster ?

For Example;

If you will be elder,

Two third of death are elderly people.

If you walk the street,

Stone wall or outer wall are dangerous.

8


Who rescues you from crashed houses

Who rescues you from crashed houses ?

In the case of the Hanshin Awaji Earthquake

35 % were rescued by themselves

28 % were by friends or neighbors

3% were by the people passed by chance

2% were by rescue team like police, fire fighter etc

32 % were rescued by their families

1% were by others

9


2 what should we prepare stockpile and communication tools

2.What should we prepare ?Stockpile and Communication tools

10


Stockpiles of foods and daily goods

Stockpiles of foods and daily goods

  • After a great earthquake, foods and daily goods will be wiped out from stores over 1 week.

  • We should have over 1 week’s stockpiles in case of a Great Nankai Earthquake.

    List example of stockpiles

    • Water, foods, snack, portable water filter

    • Can, retort pouch food, vegetable juice or fruit juice

    • A portable toilet kit, tissue, plastic bag, sandal

    • Drug, medical kit, Spare eye glasses

    • Radio with flashlight, portable gas burner

    • List of contact information, telephone number

11


Effective communication tools

Effective communication tools

Disaster emergency message dial (171) with public phone

2) Disaster message board with mobile phone

3) E-mail, SNS, other web service with mobile phone or smart phone

12


Shohei beniya associate professor kobe university research fellow dri

Place of public phone can be searched by NTT webpage.

You may need coin to use a green public phone.

Outside

24housr

Outside

daytime

Inside

24hours

Inside

daytime

13


Shohei beniya associate professor kobe university research fellow dri

Disaster emergency message dial

Disaster Prevention Handbook:Protect Yourself from Earthquakes

by Tokushima prefectural international exchange association

14


Shohei beniya associate professor kobe university research fellow dri

Disaster message board

Disaster Prevention Handbook:Protect Yourself from Earthquakes

by Tokushima prefectural international exchange association

15


Collection of information

Collection of Information

Email service from local government: Area mail and Earthquake Early Warning with mobile phone or smart phone

Sings

One-segment broadcasting TV with mobile phone or smart phone

Radio

E-mail, SNS, other web service with mobile phone or smart phone

Word-of-mouth communication and rumor has many misunderstanding !

16


Area mail and earthquake early warning

Area mail and Earthquake Early Warning

Area mail ( and Earthquake Early Warning) is a warning system using e-mail system of mobile phone or smart phone.

Flood : Evacuation recommendation

Earthquake : Earthquake Early Warning

One way communication tool like broadcast.

Very useful system but Japanese language only !

17


Signs

Signs

Disaster Prevention Handbook:Protect Yourself from Earthquakes

by Tokushima prefectural international exchange association

18


3 how do we get more information

3.How do we get more information ?

19


Useful links for foreign residents

Useful links for foreign residents

Disaster Prevention Handbook:Protect Yourself from Earthquakes

by Tokushima prefectural international exchange association

http://www.clair.or.jp/j/multiculture/docs/tokushima_bosaihandbook.pdf

Disaster Prevention Guide for Children and Parents: 10 points to protect your family !

by Hyogo International Association

http://www.hyogo-ip.or.jp/mtss/bogo/

Disaster Prevention Handbook

Disaster Prevention Card

both are by Kobe International Center for Cooperation and Communication

http://www.kicc.jp/other/index_en.html

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Shohei beniya associate professor kobe university research fellow dri

List for stockpiles by DRI

Newest version is only in Japanese language at webpage.

(Former version is available in English at DRI)

http://www.dri.ne.jp/download/

The Disaster Prevention Handbook for Foreigners

By Fukuoka Prefecture

http://www.pref.fukuoka.lg.jp/uploaded/life/68/68696_14597198_misc.pdf

Earthquake Survival Manual

By Tokyo Metropolitan Government

http://www.seikatubunka.metro.tokyo.jp/index3files/survivalmanual.pdf

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Shohei beniya associate professor kobe university research fellow dri

Thanks for your attention !

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