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European Cities Move Towards Sustainability Achievements and Prospects 1992-2012 Gino Van Begin, Regional Director Europe, ICLEI Kyoto, 29 November - 2 December 2006. Overview 1. How was local sustainability introduced to local governements in Europe: what has been the

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European cities move towards sustainability achievements and prospects 1992 2012

European Cities Move Towards Sustainability

Achievements and Prospects 1992-2012

Gino Van Begin, Regional Director Europe, ICLEI

Kyoto, 29 November - 2 December 2006


European cities move towards sustainability achievements and prospects 1992 2012

Overview

1. How was local sustainability introduced to

local governements in Europe: what has been the

political context ?

2. What achievements were made by European Local Governments

3. What are the prospects for future local sustainability in Europe

4. Conditions for success

5. Practical Examples & Conclusions


European cities move towards sustainability achievements and prospects 1992 2012

1. How was local sustainability introduced to

local governements in Europe: political context


1 1 political context of local sustainability in europe

1992 Earth SummitRio de Janeiro

1990 EuropeanCommission

1990

Agenda 21Chapter 28: Local Agenda 21

Local Agenda 21

Green Paper on the Urban EnvironmentSustainable Cities Project

I C L E I

1994 First European Sustainable Cities & Towns Conference (Aalborg Conference)

Sponsored by

European Commission

City ofAalborg

I C L E I

1.1 Political Context of Local Sustainability in Europe


1 2 transposing rio to european local governments the aalborg process 1994 2004

1994

First European Conference on Sustainable Cities & Towns (Aalborg Conference)

Adoption of the Aalborg Charter

Charter

Launch of the European Sustainable Cities & Towns Campaign

1.2 Transposing Rio to European Local Governments: The Aalborg Process 1994-2004


European cities move towards sustainability achievements and prospects 1992 2012

1.3 The Aalborg Conference 1994

1994


1 4 the aalborg charter 1994

1994

1.4 The Aalborg Charter 1994

Part IConsensus Declaration: European Cities & Towns Towards Sustainability

Principles

Part IIThe European Sustainable Cities & Towns Campaign

Initiation of

Campaign

Part IIEngaging in Local Agenda 21Processes: Local Action PlansTowards Sustainability

Commitmentto Action


1 5 european sustainable cities towns campaign milestones 1994 2004

Aalborg Commitments

1994

1st ConferenceAalborg, Denmark

Aalborg Charter

2nd ConferenceLisbon, Portugal

1996

Lisbon Action Plan

Northeast ConferenceTurku, Finland

1998

Turku Statement

Campaign

Sofia Statement

Southwest ConferenceSevilla, Spain

1999

Sevilla Declaration

Den Haag Statement

3rd ConferenceHannover, Germany

2000

Hannover Call

2004

4rd ConferenceAalborg, Denmark

1.5 European Sustainable Cities & Towns Campaign Milestones 1994 - 2004

Southeast ConferenceSofia, Bulgaria

Northwest ConferenceThe Hague, Netherlands


1 6 esct campaign participation 94 04

2030

2600

MilleniumConference

JoburgConference

1859

RegionalConferences

AalborgConference

Aalborg+10Conference

2004

2003

1.6 ESCT Campaign participation 94-04


1 7 esct campaign participants

1.7 ESCT Campaign participants


1 9 esct campaign activities

Local Agenda 21Briefing sheets

Registry of signatories to the Aalborg Charter

European Sustainable Cities Award

Local Agenda 21Guidance & Training Program

Awareness raising workshops

LA21Planning Guide

Multi-stakeholder ‘Open Platform for Urban Sustainability’

CampaignNewsletter

LA21Self-AssessmentSystem

EuropeanLocal Agenda 21Roundtable

Network of national LA21 Coordinators

1.9 ESCT Campaign activities


1 10 european sustainable cities award

Stockholm

Albertslund

Norwich

Tampere

1996

Leicester

1997

Gdansk

Den Haag

1999

Dunkerque

Heidelberg

Veliko Tarnovo

Graz

Diputació de Barcelona

München

Calvià

1.10 European Sustainable Cities Award

2002


European cities move towards sustainability achievements and prospects 1992 2012

2. Achievements by European Local Government


European cities move towards sustainability achievements and prospects 1992 2012

2.1 What has been achieved ?

A European success story

1994-2004 Embracing the Aalborg Charter: from 80 to 2300 signatories

10 years Local Agenda 21: 6500 worldwide, 5200 in Europe

Increased political support : EU, local government networks, national states (UK,Germany,Netherlands, Scandinavia, Italy, Spain, France)


European cities move towards sustainability achievements and prospects 1992 2012

2.2 What has been achieved ?

A European success story

Understandingof the links between environment, economy and society has increased

Long-term and global thinking have been introduced in local government

New environmental management instruments have been introduced

The way of working together between administrations and citizens/stakeholders has changed


European cities move towards sustainability achievements and prospects 1992 2012

  • 2.3 What has been achieved ?

  • A European success story

  • Increased civil participation: LA21&urban planning

  • Enhanced integration of environment in policy

  • making: cross-sectorial & holistic approaches

  • LA21 process embedded in local government:

  • better governance

  • Increased local to global thinking

  • !!NEED FOR ACCELERATION!!


European cities move towards sustainability achievements and prospects 1992 2012

3. Prospects on the future of local

sustainability in Europe


European cities move towards sustainability achievements and prospects 1992 2012

3.1 Future prospects: Transposing Joburg to European Local Government: The Aalborg+10 Process 2004-2014


European cities move towards sustainability achievements and prospects 1992 2012

  • 3.2 Aalborg Commitments

  • = set of shared commitments to be jointly implemented - a framework for next 10y in EU

  • = different from Aalborg Charter: baseline review and process to set qualitative and quantitative targets

  • = flexible tool, adaptable to local needs

  • = strengthen LA21 movement next 10 years

  • review &monitoring within ESCT Campaign


European cities move towards sustainability achievements and prospects 1992 2012

3.3 Aalborg Commitments - SIGNATORIES


European cities move towards sustainability achievements and prospects 1992 2012

  • 3.4 Aalborg Commitments

  • signed by more than 110 Mayors and local representatives during the Conference

  • Now: more than 400 local authorities

  • European local governments networks agreed to increase cooperation to follow up on the implementation of the Aalborg Commitments within the ESCT Campaign

  • EU Strategy on Sustainable Development refers explicitly to Aalborg Commitments

  • ICLEI offers guidance to elaborate your baseline review and organising the target setting process


European cities move towards sustainability achievements and prospects 1992 2012

4. Conditions of success

[ Council decision ]

[ Management structures ]

[ Participation strategy ]

[ Facilitation ]

[ Process time table ]

[ Information strategy]


European cities move towards sustainability achievements and prospects 1992 2012

4.1 Council decision

responsible use of stakeholders’ time

  • Demonstrates sincerity of the planning process to the participating citizens

  • Gives the administration a mandate and resources to co-ordinate the process

  • Defines the link between participatory planning process and political decision making process


European cities move towards sustainability achievements and prospects 1992 2012

4.2 Management structures

professional and interlinked

  • Responsibility should be with senior staff in a strategic position, to reach out to various departments and to outside stakeholders

  • Cross-departmental working group

  • Local Agenda 21 steering office

  • Advisory board / expert group / political board or committee

  • Protocol on relations to political bodies


European cities move towards sustainability achievements and prospects 1992 2012

4.3 Participation strategy

be clear about what you offer

  • Who exactly should be invited? Stakeholders or interested citizens?

  • What exactly are they requested to do? Comment, develop plans/policies, implement projects?

  • How much time are they expected to invest? How long should the participation take all in all?

  • What will the participation format look like? Regular evening meetings in thematic working groups, large annual fora, week-end workshops?


European cities move towards sustainability achievements and prospects 1992 2012

4.4 Facilitation

makes the difference in quality

  • Move from ‘chairing’ sessions to ‘facilitating’ them

  • Allow for equal opportunities for all invited individuals to contribute

  • Identify the maximum consensus the group can reach

  • Visualise all contributions and results for more transparency and efficiency

  • Needs skilled professionals and a budget


European cities move towards sustainability achievements and prospects 1992 2012

4.5 Process time table

plan the start - but also the end!

  • Develop a clear timetable with defined start and end of the LA21 planning process

  • Define phases and communicate/celebrate milestones

  • Make sure results are achieved before motivation to participate goes down


European cities move towards sustainability achievements and prospects 1992 2012

4.6 Information strategy

reach out to the public

  • It is impossible to involve ALL citizens actively

  • However, sustainable development requires changes in every-day decisions of all citizens

  • Make sustainable development and/or the Local Agenda 21 process something people talk about at work, in the supermarket, at the bus stop...

  • Follow clear information strategy principles:- define occasion, - choose target group, - formulate their benefit, - choose medium, - create originality


European cities move towards sustainability achievements and prospects 1992 2012

5. Practical Examples and Conclusions


European cities move towards sustainability achievements and prospects 1992 2012

Heidelberg, Germany, Ferrara, Italy

Ferrara

Vision: 10 years/AC

Strategy:Plan adopted

in 1998, incl social, economy,

envir, mobility, less health

& employment

Participation: LA21 Forum

of 150 pers in 4 working

groups + 1 coordinating

private sector, NGO, env,

women, youth

High influence: example Mobility

Heidelberg

Vision:25 Years / AC

Strategy:Plan 2010 adopted

in 1997, incl. social, health,

economy, env, education,

mobility employment

Participation:private sector,

NGO, police, env, women,

unemployed, ethnic, youth,

university,

High influence


European cities move towards sustainability achievements and prospects 1992 2012

Heidelberg, Germany, Ferrara, Italy

Ferrara

Implementation:

- since 1995-1998

- specific objectifs, targets.

indicators

- LA21 cross department,

no special division,

political control

- set of speciifc plans

- green procurement

- staff: 3-5

- special actions

Heidelberg

Implementation:

- since 1992-1997

- specific objectifs, targets.

indicators

- LA21 group is special division

integrated in all policies, directly

with Mayor,

- set of specific plans

- green procurement

- staff 4-5 persons

- special actions


European cities move towards sustainability achievements and prospects 1992 2012

For further info,

please visit

www.iclei.org/europe

Thank you !


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