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The War for the Union. The Improvised War, 1861.

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The War for the Union

The Improvised War, 1861


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I am loath to close. We are not enemies, but friends. We must not be enemies. Though passion may have strained it must not break our bonds of affection. The mystic chords of memory, stretching from every battlefield and patriot grave to every living heart and hearthstone all over this broad land, will yet swell the chorus of the Union, when again touched, as surely they will be, by the better angels of our nature.


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Opening Salvos must not be enemies. Though passion may have strained it must not break our bonds of affection. The mystic chords of memory, stretching from every battlefield and patriot grave to every living heart and hearthstone all over this broad land, will yet swell the chorus of the Union, when again touched, as surely they will be, by the better angels of our nature.

  • Lincoln and the First Shot

  • Lincoln calls for volunteers

  • The secession of the Upper South


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The Problem of Civil War Military History must not be enemies. Though passion may have strained it must not break our bonds of affection. The mystic chords of memory, stretching from every battlefield and patriot grave to every living heart and hearthstone all over this broad land, will yet swell the chorus of the Union, when again touched, as surely they will be, by the better angels of our nature.

  • Is God on the side of the strongest battalions?

  • Did the North win or the South loose?

  • Sectional reconciliation and the problem of memory.


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North must not be enemies. Though passion may have strained it must not break our bonds of affection. The mystic chords of memory, stretching from every battlefield and patriot grave to every living heart and hearthstone all over this broad land, will yet swell the chorus of the Union, when again touched, as surely they will be, by the better angels of our nature.

3x military population

Food

Railroad mileage—over 3x the CSA

Productive capacity

Industrial capacity

finance

South

Defensive war—a win or a tie

Interior Lines

Slavery

Rifle

Knowledge of landscape

Relative Advantages


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Holding the Border must not be enemies. Though passion may have strained it must not break our bonds of affection. The mystic chords of memory, stretching from every battlefield and patriot grave to every living heart and hearthstone all over this broad land, will yet swell the chorus of the Union, when again touched, as surely they will be, by the better angels of our nature.

  • Suspension of writ of Habeas Corpus

  • John C. Fremont in Missouri; William Clarke Quantrill in Missouri

  • Battle of Wilson’s Creek (August 10, 1861)

  • Kentucky neutrality

  • Unionism? in East Tennessee

  • Naval Blocade


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Nathaniel Lyon (1818-1861) must not be enemies. Though passion may have strained it must not break our bonds of affection. The mystic chords of memory, stretching from every battlefield and patriot grave to every living heart and hearthstone all over this broad land, will yet swell the chorus of the Union, when again touched, as surely they will be, by the better angels of our nature.

Benjamin McCulloch (1811-1862)


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William Clarke Quantrill, 1837-1865 must not be enemies. Though passion may have strained it must not break our bonds of affection. The mystic chords of memory, stretching from every battlefield and patriot grave to every living heart and hearthstone all over this broad land, will yet swell the chorus of the Union, when again touched, as surely they will be, by the better angels of our nature.


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John must not be enemies. Though passion may have strained it must not break our bonds of affection. The mystic chords of memory, stretching from every battlefield and patriot grave to every living heart and hearthstone all over this broad land, will yet swell the chorus of the Union, when again touched, as surely they will be, by the better angels of our nature.

Ericsson

1803-1889


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Organization of CW Armies must not be enemies. Though passion may have strained it must not break our bonds of affection. The mystic chords of memory, stretching from every battlefield and patriot grave to every living heart and hearthstone all over this broad land, will yet swell the chorus of the Union, when again touched, as surely they will be, by the better angels of our nature.

  • Company

  • Regiment

  • Brigade

  • Division

  • Corps

  • Armies


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Company A, 9 must not be enemies. Though passion may have strained it must not break our bonds of affection. The mystic chords of memory, stretching from every battlefield and patriot grave to every living heart and hearthstone all over this broad land, will yet swell the chorus of the Union, when again touched, as surely they will be, by the better angels of our nature. th Indiana Infantry


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First Bull Run, July 21, 1861 must not be enemies. Though passion may have strained it must not break our bonds of affection. The mystic chords of memory, stretching from every battlefield and patriot grave to every living heart and hearthstone all over this broad land, will yet swell the chorus of the Union, when again touched, as surely they will be, by the better angels of our nature.


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Henry House Hill and Mighty Stonewall must not be enemies. Though passion may have strained it must not break our bonds of affection. The mystic chords of memory, stretching from every battlefield and patriot grave to every living heart and hearthstone all over this broad land, will yet swell the chorus of the Union, when again touched, as surely they will be, by the better angels of our nature.


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Ball’s Bluff, Oct. 1861 must not be enemies. Though passion may have strained it must not break our bonds of affection. The mystic chords of memory, stretching from every battlefield and patriot grave to every living heart and hearthstone all over this broad land, will yet swell the chorus of the Union, when again touched, as surely they will be, by the better angels of our nature.

  • Col. and Senator Edward D. Baker was killed; Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. was critically wounded.

  • 223 Federals killed, 226 wounded, 533 captured.

  • Gen. Charles P. Stone was blamed for debacle.

  • Led to creation of Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War


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One noonday, at my window in the town, must not be enemies. Though passion may have strained it must not break our bonds of affection. The mystic chords of memory, stretching from every battlefield and patriot grave to every living heart and hearthstone all over this broad land, will yet swell the chorus of the Union, when again touched, as surely they will be, by the better angels of our nature.     I saw a sight — saddest that eyes can see —    Young soldiers marching lustily      Unto the wars,With fifes, and flags in mottoed pageantry;    While all the porches, walks, and doors    Were rich with ladies cheering royally.They moved like Juny morning on the wave,    Their hearts were fresh as clover in its prime    (It was the breezy summer time),      Life throbbed so strong,How should they dream that Death in rosy clime  Would come to thin their shining throng?Youth feels immortal, like the gods sublime.

Weeks passed; and at my window, leaving bed,    By nights I mused, of easeful sleep bereft,    On those brave boys (Ah War! thy theft);      Some marching feetFound pause at last by cliffs Potomac cleft;    Wakeful I mused, while in the streetFar footfalls died away till none were left. –Walt Whitman

Ball’s Bluff—A Reverie


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Trent Affair (Nov. 8, 1861-Jan. 14, 1862 must not be enemies. Though passion may have strained it must not break our bonds of affection. The mystic chords of memory, stretching from every battlefield and patriot grave to every living heart and hearthstone all over this broad land, will yet swell the chorus of the Union, when again touched, as surely they will be, by the better angels of our nature.


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George B. McClellan must not be enemies. Though passion may have strained it must not break our bonds of affection. The mystic chords of memory, stretching from every battlefield and patriot grave to every living heart and hearthstone all over this broad land, will yet swell the chorus of the Union, when again touched, as surely they will be, by the better angels of our nature.

  • Civil War “problem child”

  • “I can do it all”

  • Training the Army

  • Problems with “the Original Gorilla”, the “Baboon.”


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