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LESLLA August 26th, 2010. NOZOMI TAKANO Sophia University. Basic Literacy Skills in Japanese The challenge of 30 essential Kanji characters. Japanese writing system. Phonographs Hiragana (46) Katakana (46) Logographs Kanji (50000).

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NOZOMI TAKANO Sophia University

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LESLLA

August 26th, 2010

NOZOMI TAKANO

Sophia University

Basic Literacy Skills

in Japanese

The challenge of

30 essential

Kanji characters


Japanese writing system

Phonographs

Hiragana (46) Katakana (46)

Logographs

Kanji (50000)


Universität zu KölnUniversity of Cologne

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/University_of_Colognehttp://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/ケルン

ケルン 大 学 は、

(Koln) (university) (topicP)

ヨーロッパ 最 古 の (Europe) (the oldest) (of)

大学 の 一つ である。

(univ.) (of) (one) (is)


What do my students feel?

  • Complicated

  • Confusing

  • Too many

  • Impossible

  • Overwhelming!!!


What is Kanji?

Kanji is not letter but figure. (Takebe, 1989)♂ ♀


Japanese is a TV-type language.(Suzuki, 2009)

What is Kanji?

Visually V.S. Auditorily


Visual Recognition !

What comes first?


1. Simple and basic Kanji 2. Frequently used Kanji in daily life 3. Important Kanji to survive

Which Kanji to start?


The first 30 Kanji characters


Tips of visual learning

1. Notice the logographic system

2. Practice with authentic examples

3. Use various examples


http://www.bekkoame.ne.jp/ro/akira.h/kanji/kuti.html


口 (mouth)

一口サンド (one bite sandwiches) = 一 (one) + 口 + サンド (sandwich)


口 (mouth)

東口(east exit)  = 東 (east)  + 口


口 (mouth)

入口(entrance) 

=

入(enter) 

+ 


口 (mouth)

出口(exit) 

= 

出 (exit) 

+ 


口 (mouth)

乗車口 (train door) = 乗(ride) + 車(car) + 口


口 (mouth)

非常口 (emergency exit) = 非 (un) + 常 (usual) + 口


口 (mouth)

投入口 (ticket slit) 

= 

投 (throw) 

+

入 (in)

+


口 (mouth)

甘口 (sweet) = 甘 (sweet) + 口  


口 (mouth)

辛口 (dry) = 辛 (dry) + 口


口 (mouth)

辛口 (harsh) 

= 

辛 (dry)

+


上 (above)下 (below)

中 (centre, middle,

within)


中 (center)

中央線 = 中央(center) + 線 (line)


中 (middle)


中 (middle)

中学 (middle school)

=

+

学 (learn) 


中 (middle)

中人

=

+

人 (person) 


中 (middle)

中トロ = 中 + トロ (fat)


中 (middle)

中古 = 中  + 古 (old)


中 (middle)

中止

=

+

止 (stop)


中 (middle)

入浴中 = 入浴 (bath) +中


中 (within)

水中めがね

=

水 (water)

+

+

めがね (glasses)

水泳・ジム・フィットネスに最適!

水中めがね

商品コード:82303


中 (within)

1日中

=

1日 (one day)


中 (within)

日本中 (all over Japan) = 日本 (Japan) + 中

世界中 (all over the world) = 世界 (world) + 中


Conclusion

  • Teachers have to understand the students’ burdens to learn Kanji.

  • Students have to understand the nature of Kanji and allow themselves to take time.

  • Kanji lessons have to be fun!


Saiga Japanese Kanji Dictionary http://www.saiga-jp.com/kanji_dictionary.html


References

Hisao Miyashita, Shinozaki, Ito, Asawaka (1991). Kanji ga

tanoshikunaru hon Work1. Tarojiroeditus, Tokyo.

Michael Rowley (1992). Kanji Pict o graphix. Stone Bridge Press, CA.

Takao Suzuki (2009). Nihongokyo no susume. Shinchosha, Tokyo.

Yoshiaki Takebe (1989). Kanji no oshiekata. Aruku, Tokyo.

Yoshimitsu Kano (2007). Gakusyukanjishinjiten. Shogakukan, Tokyo.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/

http://www.saiga-jp.com/kanji_dictionary.html

http://www.bekkoame.ne.jp/ro/akira.h/kanji/kuti.html


食品売り場、カー用品、化粧品

回転寿司

石、右、合、兄、和、言、加、呂、etc

ロースクール

一口サンド

一口カツ


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