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Creating and Promoting Positive School Climate in Ohio’s Schools and Communities Ohio’s Anti-Harassment, Anti-Intimidation or Anti-Bullying Model Policy Overview. Training Objectives. Establishing the problem: Harassment, intimidation and bullying research finding.
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Creating and Promoting Positive School Climate in Ohio’s Schools and Communities
Ohio’sAnti-Harassment, Anti-Intimidation or Anti-Bullying Model Policy Overview
Tell lies or spread rumors about you?
Put you down verbally (insult you, call you names)?
Shove, push, hit or trip you?
Threaten to hurt you physically?
Grade 6Grade 8Grade 10Grade 12
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60%Ohio Statistics
Students Who Experienced Bullying Behaviors At School
bullying another at
school, would you:
Tell that kid to stop Walk away or mind your own businessTell an adult at school Stay and watch
Percent of students
0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100%Ohio Statistics 2000
Student’s Reactions in Bullying Situations
2.0 Responsibilities of all Public School DistrictsPolicy must include the following (ORC Section 3313.666):2.2.0Policy Statement(ORC 3313.666(B))
(3.0) Harassment, intimidation or bullying” means any:
2.2.3 Procedure to Report Incidents(ORC 3313.666 (B)(3)Students, parents or guardians are to report prohibited incidents to teachers and school administrators.
2.2.4 Report of Incidents by School Personnel(ORC 3313.666 (B)(4))Report prohibited incidents they witness and/or receive reports on from students to the school principal or other administrator designated by the principal.
2.2.5 Procedure for Documenting Incidents(ORC 3313.666 (B)(6))
Document any prohibited incident that is reported.
2.2.6 Response and Investigation(ORC 3313.666 (B)(7) and (B)8))
To any reported incident including providing intervention strategies for protecting a victim from additional harassment or retaliation AND
2.2.7 Disciplinary Procedure(ORC 3313.666 (B)(9))
2.2.8Parent or Guardian Notification(ORC 3313.666 (B)(5))
2.2.9 Semiannual Written Summary of Incidents(ORC 3313.666 (B)(10))
** To the extent permitted by Section 3319.321 of the Ohio Revised Code and the “Family Education Rights and Privacy Act of 1974” 88 Stat. 571.20 U.S.C. 1232g, as amended.
2.2.10 Policy Publication(ORC 3313.666 (C))
2.2.11 Immune from Liability(ORC 3313.666 (D))
3.0Amended House Bill 276 Definition(provided in section 2 where referenced)
Physical violence and/or attacks;
Threats, taunts and intimidation through words and/or gestures;
Extortion, damage or stealing of money and/or possessions;
Repetitive and hostile behavior with the intent to harm others through the use of information and communication technologies (cyber bullying).4.0 Types of Conduct
Examples of Prohibited Behaviors:
Publication of the policy and procedures in:
Teachers and other school staffwho witness –or receive student or parent reports – of bullying, harassment or intimidationare to:
Intervention Strategies: Protecting Victims
District Reports After Investigation:
Bullying is 2-3 times more likely to occur at school than on the way to and from school.
Indifferent or accepting teacher attitudes toward bullying.
Indifferent or accepting student attitudes toward bullying
For Being Bullied:
Indifferent or accepting teacher attitudes toward bullying
Indifferent or accepting student attitudes toward bullyingRisk Factors at School (cont’d)
Craig and Pepler 1997, O’Connell and others 1999
Proactive Prevention / Early Intervention – ADULT RELATIONSHIPS
What can we do?
Family & Children’s First Councils
Community Service & Service Learning
Health & Human Services
Parent & Adult Ed
Community/ Faith-based Organizations
If adults do not provide the interventions students need,
then students will
take matters into their own hands.
Garbarino,J & deLara E., (2003). Words can hurt forever, Educational Leadership, (60)6, 18-21
“Young adolescents do not want to be left to their own devices. In national surveys and focus groups, America’s youth have given voice to serious longing. They want more regular contact with adults who care about them and respect them.”
Report to the National Association of Attorney Generals, 2000
http://www.ode.state.oh.us/ - Ohio Department of Education Web resources keyword search Bullying Policy
http://www.findyouthinfo.gov/ - Federal Interagency Working Group on Youth Programs (IWGYP), that support programs and services focusing on youth.
www.stopbullyingnow.hrsa.gov - Federal Anti-Bullying website. Has PSAs and other free resources.
http://www.olweus.org/public/index.page - Olweus Bullying Prevention Program
http://people.ehe.ohio-state.edu/dwilkinson/ - Deanna Wilkinson on youth violence prevention
http://www.netsmartz.org - Internet safety site from National Center for Exploited and Missing Children
Founded in 1998 and endorsed by the U.S. Congress, i-SAFE is a non-profit foundation dedicated to protecting the online experiences of youth everywhere.
Kid-Tech News for Parents
National Youth Violence Prevention Resource Center
Family online safety institute