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Cambridge, Massachusetts: An evaluation of current transportation planning policies. Evaluation Points. Goals Planning for desired outcomes Providing access Mode priority Mode selection. Community development: Environmental and Transportation Planning Quality of life

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Cambridge massachusetts an evaluation of current transportation planning policies

Cambridge, Massachusetts:An evaluation of current transportation planning policies


Evaluation points
Evaluation Points

  • Goals

  • Planning for desired outcomes

  • Providing access

  • Mode priority

  • Mode selection


Transportation planning

Community development:

Environmental and Transportation Planning

Quality of life

Environment and climate

Transportation policy

Public safety:

Traffic, Parking and Transportation

Enforcement

Parking , Pollution control

Intersection, bike lanes

Transportation Planning


Planning for sustainability
Planning for Sustainability

Goal:

to promote a healthy environment 

  • non-auto transportation

  • Energy efficiency

  • renewable energy sources

Highest priority in walking, biking and multimodalism


Planning for sustainability1
Planning for Sustainability

A major principle guiding transportation planning in this city is safety for pedestrians and bicyclists

Traffic calming

Safety for pedestrian

Morse elementary school

Delineated bicycle lane

Safety for bicyclists


Planning for Sustainability

Mixed land use pattern

Increasing accessibility

Central square

Removing vehicle lanes/ expanded sidewalks

Senses of city

Harvard Square


Planning for sustainability2
Planning for Sustainability

At construction site

The plan must provide a temporary sidewalk, and often a bicycle lane, even in a parking or travel lane must be removed.

Parking and Transportation demand management

Each large employer is required to have a plan for helping its worker commute by means other than SOV


Policies for future

Investment in Parking and transportation demand management

regional employment pattern that take advantages of areas well served by transit to and from Cambridge.

sense of the street; it has a policy to protect the minor arterials with residential character whenever possible.

Policies for future


Developed publications
Developed Publications

  • Cambridge Pedestrian Plan

  • VTRO

  • Cambridge Growth Policy

  • Traffic Calming

  • Transportation Demand Management

  • Citywide Growth Management

  • Citywide Rezoning


Cambridge pedestrian plan
Cambridge Pedestrian Plan

Policies and Guidelines for Facilities

Design Standards for Physical Improvements

Encourage Walking as Alternative

Action Plan to Reduce Auto Travel


Vtro and growth policy
VTRO and Growth Policy

  • Clean Air Act 1990

  • Growth Policy Document (1994)

  • Policy 14-Increase the cities investment in Transportation Demand Management to promote non-single occupancy vehicle forms of transportation and assist Cambridge Employers, both Individually and Collectively, in developing such programs for their employees and operations


Transportation demand management
Transportation Demand Management

  • Improve Mobility and Access

  • Reduce Pollution

  • Safety

  • Reducing Drive Alone Traffic


Land use and transportation
Land Use and Transportation

  • Citywide Growth Management (1997)

  • Citywide Rezoning (2001)

  • Policy 15-Enact Land Use Regulations that encourage transit and other forms of non-automobile mobility by mixing land use, creating a pleasant and safe pedestrian, bike environment, and restricting high density development to areas near transit stations


Cambridge priority
Cambridge Priority

  • Priority should be given to cleaner, cheaper, more efficient modes of transportation

    • Walking

    • Biking

    • Bus

    • Subway

  • Cambridge Policy: To promote the use of non single occupancy vehicles / Encourage all non-automobile forms of transportation

  • Achieved through:

    • Employer incentive programs

    • Bike lanes

    • Transit funding


Bicycle shared lanes
Bicycle/Shared Lanes

  • Bicycle lanes give dedicated lanes to bicycle traffic

  • Shared lanes treat bicycle same as an automobile

    • Bike cheaper and cleaner


Transportation demand management plans
Transportation Demand Management Plans

  • Employers sponsor programs to reduce use of single-occupant vehicles

    • Free access to EZRide

    • Transit/vanpool subsidies

    • Pre-tax deduction of transit fares

    • Shower and locker facilities for pedestrians/bicyclists

    • Carpool preferential parking

    • Secure/waterproof bicycle parking

  • Supported by the City of Cambridge



Diversity of modes
Diversity of Modes

  • Private Car

  • ZipCar

  • MBTA Buses

  • EZRide Shuttle

  • Red & Green Lines

  • Bike

  • Walk


Diversity of modes1
Diversity of Modes

  • Are the options being used?

  • Transportation Demand Management aims to further reduce use of Single Occupancy Vehicles


Effective transportation planning

Effective Transportation Planning

Plans that are GOOD in Cambridge


Broadly defined goals
Broadly Defined Goals

  • Energy Goal

    • Non-auto Transportation

    • Energy Efficiency

    • Renewable Energy Source

  • Land Use and Urban Design

    • Connectivity

  • Increase Bicycle Use

    • Safer Lane Designs

    • Convenient Parking (Alewife Station, Racks near Building Entrances)

  • More Pedestrian Friendly

    Central Square Harvard Square

    Inman Square Kendall Square

    Porter Square


  • Desired outcomes
    Desired Outcomes

    • Green Line Extension Project

    • Brookline Street Reconstruction

      • More Residential

      • Reduce Traffic Speed

      • Safer for Walking and Biking

      • Installing more Trees

    • Bicycle Program

      • Installing Bike Lanes

      • Installing Bike Parking

      • Bicycle Safety in Schools and Town Halls for Children and Adults


    Priority treatment
    Priority Treatment

    • Cambridge Energy Alliance

      • Efficiency Improvements in Energy, Water, and Transportation

      • Reduce Greenhouse Gases

      • More Biking and Walking

  • Grand Junction Rail with Trail

    • Eastern Cambridge Planning Study

    • Path along Grand Junction

    • Enhance Non-Auto Mobility


  • Diversity of modes2
    Diversity of Modes

    • Cambridge offers:

      • Automobile

      • MBTA

        • Rail

        • Bus

        • Subway

        • Boat

    • EZRide

    • Zipcar

    • Walk

    • Bicycle


    Awards
    Awards

    • Golden Shoe (Cambridge Health Alliance

    • Environmental Purchasing and Sustainability (2006)

    • EPA Best Workplaces for Commuters

    • Smart Growth Leadership- Comprehensive Bike and Pedestrian Program

    • Best Walking City by Prevention Magazine


    Non effective transportation planning

    Non-Effective Transportation Planning

    Failures/Shortcomings of

    Planning in Cambridge


    Failure shortcoming
    Failure/Shortcoming

    Cambridge has not changed the percentage of how people get to work.

    1990

    2000


    Failure shortcoming1
    Failure/Shortcoming

    • Despite a published and accepted pedestrian plan, it fails to address the entire area of Cambridge.

    • The plan focuses only on certain trouble areas from the past with only some focus on the future but has left room for improvement.


    Failure shortcoming2
    Failure/Shortcoming

    • There are gaps in the alternative transit sources:

      • Not all subway stations are easily accessed by pedestrians

      • There are gaps in the hours of service of fixed rail

      • The fixed rail lines aren’t interconnected enough causing the need to go into Boston for most destinations

      • Limited bus frequency during rush hour

      • Limited through routing causes a need for multiple bus transfers


    Failure shortcoming3
    Failure/Shortcoming

    • Trends show an increase in emissions through the 1990’s

    • Most of it’s energy use comes from the industrial/commercial and transportation sectors

    • Cambridge needs to implement it’s Climate Protection plan sooner rather than later



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