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Announcements. For those doing the extra credit project, nothing is due on Monday. Exam on Monday: If you are taking the exam in the ASC, please go directly there instead of picking up your exam in Jenks 237. You may start at 8:45 if you wish.

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announcements
Announcements
  • For those doing the extra credit project, nothing is due on Monday.
  • Exam on Monday:
    • If you are taking the exam in the ASC, please go directly there instead of picking up your exam in Jenks 237.
    • You may start at 8:45 if you wish.
    • Please bring a bright pen (red, orange, or bright blue) for the map. Otherwise, it will be difficult to read your answers on the map.
psalm 18 46 english
Psalm 18:46 (English)
  • HAI ADONAI UVARUKH TZURI (2X)
  • Lives The LORD and blessed (is) my Rock
  • VEYARUM ELOHEI YESHU’ATI (2X)
  • And may He be exalted the God of My salvation
review
Review
  • Which prophet condemned the nations roundabout before addressing Israel?
  • Which prophet gave his children symbolic names – Jezreel, “Not Loved,” and “Not My People”?
  • What was the purpose of the book of Jonah?
prophets of the south

Prophets of the South:

Isaiah, Micah, Joel

introduction to isaiah
Introduction to Isaiah
  • Significance of Isaiah
  • Historical contexts
    • Southern kingdom and reigning kings
      • Uzziah [approx 790-740]
      • Jotham [750-732 – co-reign with both Uzziah and Ahaz]
      • Ahaz [735-715 – co-reign]
      • Hezekiah [715-685]
    • Foreign threats (current – Assyria; later – Babylonia)
    • The future restoration in the reference to Cyrus [539]
the critics confront isaiah
The Critics Confront Isaiah
  • The “problem” of accurate prediction
  • Subsequent divisions of the text
  • Presumed authors and date
  • Responses to the charges of “differences in style, content, and theology”:
    • Length of Isaiah’s life and ministry
    • The crisis of idolatry fits 8th century, not the 6th
    • The prediction regarding Cyrus fits into Isaiah’s contrast between idols and the LORD
    • Same themes and expressions throughout the book
key doctrines in isaiah
Key Doctrines in Isaiah
  • The Supreme and Unique Nature of God (44:6-18) – Idols mean nothing; those who make and worship them are the greatest of fools
    • Idols are made by humans so it is illogical to worship them
    • Idols cannot tell the future; by contrast, God not only foretells; He brings it to pass
  • The Holiness of God – “the Holy One of Israel” (used 25 times)
  • The universal promise of salvation (Jews and Gentiles)
    • All nations will come to the temple (2:2 and chapter 4)
    • Foreigners will come; the temple will be a house of prayer for all nations (56:3-8)
    • The Servant of the Lord will be a light to the nations (49:6)
  • The Servant of the Lord
    • The tasks of the Servant (Israel) – 42:1-7
    • An individual who restores Israel – 42:18-20  49:1-7
    • The Suffering Servant - 52:13-53:12
the messiah in isaiah
The Messiah in Isaiah
  • Isaiah’s terms for the Messiah
    • Servant
    • Branch
    • Descendant of David
    • Righteous King
  • Key passages
    • Born of a virgin (7:13-14) – note continuity from this context to the next
    • The Child who is God (9:5-7)
    • Brings peace to earth (11:1-12)
    • Frees people from sin through His own atoning death (53:1-12)
    • Anointed by God’s Spirit (61:1-4)
micah what does the lord require of you 6 8
Micah – “What Does the LORD Require of You?” (6:8)
  • Historical background
    • During time of Jotham, Ahaz, Hezekiah
    • Contemporary of Isaiah (note 4:1-5) – also prophesied in the south – and he also mentions Babylon (as did Isaiah)
  • Micah’s Messages:
    • The Sovereign Lord is coming in judgment
    • Israel’s leaders are guilty of covetousness, fraud, injustice, brutality, deceit, hypocrisy
    • Israel’s prophets are false
    • there will be a time of restoration for all peoples
      • Torah will go forth from Zion
      • A Ruler over Israel – the One from Bethlehem - Micah in the New Testament: Messiah’s birthplace (5:2 in Matt 2:6)
on the walls of jerusalem buildings they rush upon the city and run along the wall 2 9
On the Walls of Jerusalem Buildings:“They rush upon the city and run along the wall…” (2:9)
slide15
Joel
  • Ministry to the southern kingdom – Zion, Judah, Jerusalem
  • Messages
    • The locust plague and the day of the Lord
    • Repent and return to God (2:13)
    • The great Day heralded by the outpouring of the Spirit and astronomical phenomena – 2:28-32 is part of Peter’s sermon (Acts 2:17-21) at Pentecost
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