The people rise up
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Absolutism and Revolution. The People Rise up!. Absolutism and Revolution. What is Revolution ?. Try and define…. What is Revolution ?. A sudden and often violent change in the government. Usually happens when the people rise up and throw out their rulers.

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Absolutism and Revolution

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The people rise up

Absolutism and Revolution

The People Rise up!

Absolutism and Revolution


What is revolution

What is Revolution?

  • Try and define…


What is revolution1

What is Revolution?

  • A sudden and often violent change in the government.

  • Usually happens when the people rise up and throw out their rulers.

  • Usually when the government has abused its power…


Examples

Examples…

  • In small groups take 2 minutes and brainstorm as many examples as you can of nations that have undergone revolution at some point in their histories…


Absolutism and revolution

  • Egypt 2011


Absolutism and revolution

  • Russia 1917


Absolutism and revolution

  • United States 1776


Absolutism and revolution

  • England 1668


Four main steps

Four Main Steps

  • 1) Injustice: people treated unfairly

  • 2) Revolution: uprising against the government. Sometimes spontaneous, often organized.

  • 3) Consolidation: people organize and create new institutions of government

  • 4) Aftermath: often, the new institutions/rulers are as bad or worse than the old ones!


Why revolutions

Why Revolutions?

  • Following the Age of Exploration, European nations became powerful and highly centralized.

  • This led, generally to harsh and repressive political systems in which individual and property rights were abused.

  • Hence, there was a wave of uprisings across Europe and its colonial territories from the 1650’s through the 1800’s…


Strong centralized states

Strong Centralized States

  • Britain, France and Russia all had very powerful, absolutist rulers.

  • “Absolutism”: unlimited, centralized authority and absolute sovereignty, as vested especially in a monarch or dictator.


Revolution case study france

Revolution Case Study: FRANCE

  • Why France?


Revolution case study france1

Revolution Case Study: FRANCE

  • Why France?

  • France is an excellent example of what happens to a country when rulers take for themselves too much power.

  • The rulers of France drove the people to revolution which then ushered in an era of chaos that engulfed millions…


Louis xiv absolute monarch

Louis XIV: Absolute Monarch

  • King of France 1643- 1715

  • Built highly centralized government

  • Had influential and powerful advisors

  • Louis as a boy!


Louis xiv absolute monarch1

Louis XIV: Absolute Monarch

  • As a child Louis ruled with an adviser called Cardinal Marazin who took effective control of France. He pursued a policy of “breaking” the aristocracy.

  • Louis went along and was a pawn in Marazin’s ambitions.

  • When Marazin died in 1661, Louis gained full control but essentially continued his mentor’s policies…

  • Marazin


The fronde

“The Fronde”

  • As a response to Marazin’s/Louis policies, France underwent two civil wars known as the Fronde.

  • It was an armed uprising by disaffected nobles who were fed up with tax increases (sound familiar?)


Louis takes control

Louis Takes Control

  • Marazin died in 1661…

  • Louis tried to bankrupt the remaining nobles by throwing expensive parties and starting outrageous and expensive fashions…

  • QUESTION: Why would bankrupting the nobles ensure they would be easy to control?


Louis takes control1

Louis Takes Control

  • Marazin died in 1661…

  • Louis tried to bankrupt the remaining nobles by throwing expensive parties and starting outrageous and expensive fashions…

  • QUESTION: Why would bankrupting the nobles ensure they would be easy to control?

  • ANSWER: Louis loaned them money, thus making them indebted to him…Now he could control them because they were in his “pocket”


Absolutism and revolution

  • Discuss these clothes!

  • Why wear them?

  • And the wig…?


Absolutism and revolution

Louis and his “court”….


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