How are schools governed influenced and financed
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 21

How are Schools Governed, Influenced, and Financed? PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 91 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

How are Schools Governed, Influenced, and Financed?. Chapter 11. Who legally governs public education?. Responsibility for public schools is a state function-Tenth Amendment to the constitution State versus local control Governors play leadership role.

Download Presentation

How are Schools Governed, Influenced, and Financed?

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


How are schools governed influenced and financed

How are Schools Governed, Influenced, and Financed?

Chapter 11


Who legally governs public education

Who legally governs public education?

  • Responsibility for public schools is a state function-Tenth Amendment to the constitution

  • State versus local control

  • Governors play leadership role


Organizational structure of a typical state school system

Organizational Structure of a typical state school system

State Constitution

State Legislature

Governor

State Courts

State Board of Education

State Superintendent

(Chief State School Officer)

State Department of Education


Organizational structure continued

Organizational Structure-continued

Local School Districts

Local Superintendents

Local School Principals

Teachers

Students


Mark twain

Mark Twain

In the first place, God made idiots.

That was for practice.

Then he made school boards.


School boards

School Boards

  • School boards lack diversity

  • Elected by popular vote-96% of states

  • 4% of school boards are appointed by mayor of city council

  • Majority are male, white, between ages 41 and 60

  • Demographic characteristics have changed little


School boards1

School Boards

  • Proportion of women has increased

  • 12% to 39% increase since 1972

  • Representation of minorities is small

  • 83% have incomes over $50,000

  • 66% have bachelor’s degrees

  • Most are professionals, managers, business owners

  • Conservative


Atypical aspects of school boards

Atypical aspects of school boards

  • Not typical of the public they serve

  • Influences on values and decisions

    Can you think of any ways in which this atypical aspect might influence their values and decisions?


Who influences american public education

Who Influences American Public Education

  • Professional Education Organizations

  • Site based decision making

  • Parents

  • PTA

  • PTO

  • Business


Neil postman

Neil Postman

The classroom is … a place in which the claims of various political, social, and economic interests are negotiated. The classroom is both a symbol and a product of deadly serious cultural bargaining.


High stakes standardized testing

High Stakes Standardized Testing

NCLB-the 2001 reauthorization required states to test students each year between grades 3 and 8 and once in high school if they wish to receive federal funds.

45 states require teachers to pass a state-prescribed, test before entering a teacher education program and before being licensed to teach


How are schools financed

How are schools financed?

  • Locally raised revenues

  • State aid

  • Federal aid

  • Miscellaneous revenues


School spending

School Spending

  • Nationwide average $8,554 per pupil

  • District of Columbia is $15,073 per pupil

  • Utah is $5,245 per pupil

  • http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/62/21/33670978.xls


School finance reform and the courts

School Finance Reform and the Courts

  • Serrano v. Priest

  • Rodriguez case

  • Unequal funding

  • Equality as state concern

  • Pressures for equality


Federal funding

Federal Funding

  • Categorical grants

  • Block grants

  • NCLB


Nclb act key provisions

NCLB Act Key Provisions

  • Annual testing

  • Academic improvement

  • Teacher and Paraprofessional qualifications

    Concerns about NCLB

    • Students at risk

    • Special Education

    • State standards lack uniformity


Compensatory education

Compensatory Education

  • An approach to creating more equal educational opportunities for disadvantaged children

  • Title I

    1. deliver federal funds to local school districts and schools for education of students from low-income families

    2. supplement educational services provided to low-achieving students


Compensatory education cont

Compensatory Education-cont.

  • Preventive approaches-Head Start

  • Basic skill instruction

  • Tutoring

  • Remediation in academic areas

  • Drop out programs

  • Job training

  • Adult literacy instruction

  • Success for All program-http://www.successforall.com/about/sfabrochure.pdf


Web resources

Web Resources

  • http://www.ed.gov

  • http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/hsb

  • http://www.nea.org

  • http://www.ecs.org


  • Login