Women in public life
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 18

WOMEN IN PUBLIC LIFE PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 84 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

WOMEN IN PUBLIC LIFE. 17.2. Besides eating bon-bons…. Before the Civil War, women married, stayed home, looked after their families Late 19 th c – only middle- and upper- class women could afford to stay home Poor women had no choice but to work for wagesWomen Lead Reform

Download Presentation

WOMEN IN PUBLIC LIFE

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Women in public life

WOMEN IN PUBLIC LIFE

17.2


Besides eating bon bons

Besides eating bon-bons…

  • Before the Civil War, women married, stayed home, looked after their families

  • Late 19th c – only middle- and upper- class women could afford to stay home

  • Poor women had no choice but to work for wagesWomen Lead Reform

  • Women split over 14th and 15th Amendment.

  • Susan B Anthony, “sooner cut off my right hand than ask for the ballot for the black Man and not for women”


What jobs were available

What jobs were available?

  • Farm jobs – women did both household jobs and such farm work as necessary:

    • Raising livestock

    • Plowing

    • Planting

    • harvesting


Women in industry

Women in Industry

  • Once better paying options became available, women looked for work away from the farms

    • Jobs in cities and town

    • Labor unions shunned them

  • By 1900, 1 in 5 women had jobs; 25% of them worked in factories


Garment industry

Garment Industry

  • Most women worked in this trade

    • Least skilled jobs

    • About ½ pay of men

      • Women assumed to be single, not supporting families


What the other half did

What the other half did..

  • Offices, stores, classrooms

  • Jobs requiring HS education

    • By 1890, more women than men w/HS diploma – WHY?

  • Business schools trained others:

    • Bookkeepers, typists, stenographers


Domestic workers

DOMESTIC WORKERS

  • w/o education or industrial skills: domestic work

  • 2 million AA-women freed from slavery but driven by poverty to work

    • Farm and domestic work

    • Migrated to cities: cooks, laundresses, scrubwomen, maids

  • 70% of women employed in 1870 were servants

  • Unmarried immigrants: domestic work

  • Married women: piecework, took in boarders


Women lead reform

WOMEN LEAD REFORM

  • What conditions needed correcting?

    • Dangerous working conditions

      • Safety of workers (firetraps for workplaces)

    • Low wages

    • Long hours

  • After Triangle Shirtwaist Co. Fire, middle- and upper-class women joined reform movements

  • Women’s clubs now discussed temperance, child labor instead of books & art


Women and higher education

Women and Higher Education

  • As number of women in colleges grew, so did women’s involvement in reform movements

    • Vassar 1865

    • Smith & Wellesly – 1875

    • Columbia, Harvard, Brown – would not accept women but set up separate colleges for them

  • By late 19th c, marriage is not the only option

    • ½ of college women never married (late 19th c)


Reform efforts

Reform Efforts

  • Workplace health and safety

  • Could not vote or run for office but tried to improve conditions at work and home

    • Workplace reform

    • Housing reform

    • Educational improvement

    • Food and drug laws


Women in public life

NACW

  • National Association of Colored Women – 1896

  • Merged 2 earlier groups

  • Mission: moral education of the race

    • Managed:

      • kindergartens

      • Reading rooms

      • nurseries


Split over 14 th and 15th a

Split over 14th and 15th A

  • Seneca Falls Convention 1848

    • Women split over suffrage issue

      • Susan B. Anthony: “sooner cut off my right

        hand than ask for the ballot for the black man and not for women.”

  • 1869, Anthony and Cady Stanton found NWSA- National Women Suffrage Association

    • 1890 merge w/others to become NAWSA (Amer)


Anti woman suffrage

Anti-Woman Suffrage

  • Liquor industry

  • Textile industry

  • Men – who feared changing role of women in society


Three part strategy

Three-Part Strategy

  • Convince state legislatures to give women the right to vote

  • Test 14th A in courts: state sdenying male citizens the right to vote lose representatives – aren’t women citizens?

  • National constitutional amendment


Strategy on states

Strategy on States

  • 1869: Wyoming

  • 1890s: Utah, Colorado, Idaho

  • After 1896, other states refused to go along


Strategy on court cases

Strategy on court cases

  • 1871-72- Susan B. Anthony and others test this theory 150 times in 10 states and in DC

  • SC says “yes” to citizenship, but the right to vote does not automatically follow!


Constitutional amendment strategy

Constitutional Amendment Strategy?

  • Cady Stanton got the amendment introduced in CA, but it was killed

  • Over 41 years, it was introduced and shot down

  • Only modest success by century’s end


  • Login