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Human AP. Learning Outcomes. Understanding Urban Land use Patterns. Central Business District (CBD). The Central Business District (CBD): Where mass transit lines converge. Most desirable Highest cost of land Often located in the middle of the city (downtown district)

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Human AP

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Human AP


Learning Outcomes

  • Understanding Urban Land use Patterns


Central Business District (CBD)

  • The Central Business District (CBD): Where mass transit lines converge.

    • Most desirable

    • Highest cost of land

    • Often located in the middle of the city (downtown district)

    • Higher Order Goods/Services are located in CBD

    • Value is based on its accessibility to other areas


Where is the CBD? Boston 1872


As you venture out from the CBD:

  • As you leave the CBD, areas along the transportation routes are more valuable.

    • Usually businesses (Industry) will develop along the roads, waterways, and rails.

      • It’s easier to move things when you are near transportation centers.

  • “Low density residences” are usually further away from the main transportation lines because of cost.


  • CBD Residential Areas

    • 1st Type Expensive Residential Condos/Apartments

    • 2nd Type “slum” tenements

      • High concentration of people in small area

      • Too expensive to commute to work from further away.


    Concentric Zone Model AKA: Burgess Model

    • Urban “Von Thunen”

    • Made in the 1920s

      • Which means car were not as prolific

  • Ring sizes change as city will continue to grow

    • Rich move-out and less wealthy then occupy.

  • Focuses on population segregation by income level


  • Sector Model

    • Still focuses on income levels

    • High rent will have a corridor

    • Low income replaces high housing

    • Still has CBD at its core

    • Wealth areas are adjacent (left or right)


    Multiple-Nuclei Model

    • Still focuses on income levels

    • Different “nodes” of growth

    • Multiple CBD’s, not just one


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