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Human AP. Learning Outcomes. Understanding Urban Land use Patterns. Central Business District (CBD). The Central Business District (CBD): Where mass transit lines converge. Most desirable Highest cost of land Often located in the middle of the city (downtown district)

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Human ap

Human AP


Learning outcomes

Learning Outcomes

  • Understanding Urban Land use Patterns


Central business district cbd

Central Business District (CBD)

  • The Central Business District (CBD): Where mass transit lines converge.

    • Most desirable

    • Highest cost of land

    • Often located in the middle of the city (downtown district)

    • Higher Order Goods/Services are located in CBD

    • Value is based on its accessibility to other areas


Where is the cbd boston 1872

Where is the CBD? Boston 1872


As you venture out from the cbd

As you venture out from the CBD:

  • As you leave the CBD, areas along the transportation routes are more valuable.

    • Usually businesses (Industry) will develop along the roads, waterways, and rails.

      • It’s easier to move things when you are near transportation centers.

  • “Low density residences” are usually further away from the main transportation lines because of cost.


  • Cbd residential areas

    CBD Residential Areas

    • 1st Type Expensive Residential Condos/Apartments

    • 2nd Type “slum” tenements

      • High concentration of people in small area

      • Too expensive to commute to work from further away.


    Concentric zone model aka burgess model

    Concentric Zone Model AKA: Burgess Model

    • Urban “Von Thunen”

    • Made in the 1920s

      • Which means car were not as prolific

  • Ring sizes change as city will continue to grow

    • Rich move-out and less wealthy then occupy.

  • Focuses on population segregation by income level


  • Sector model

    Sector Model

    • Still focuses on income levels

    • High rent will have a corridor

    • Low income replaces high housing

    • Still has CBD at its core

    • Wealth areas are adjacent (left or right)


    Multiple nuclei model

    Multiple-Nuclei Model

    • Still focuses on income levels

    • Different “nodes” of growth

    • Multiple CBD’s, not just one


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