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Human AP. Learning Outcomes. Understanding Urban Land use Patterns. Central Business District (CBD). The Central Business District (CBD): Where mass transit lines converge. Most desirable Highest cost of land Often located in the middle of the city (downtown district)

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learning outcomes
Learning Outcomes
  • Understanding Urban Land use Patterns
central business district cbd
Central Business District (CBD)
  • The Central Business District (CBD): Where mass transit lines converge.
      • Most desirable
      • Highest cost of land
      • Often located in the middle of the city (downtown district)
      • Higher Order Goods/Services are located in CBD
      • Value is based on its accessibility to other areas
as you venture out from the cbd
As you venture out from the CBD:
  • As you leave the CBD, areas along the transportation routes are more valuable.
      • Usually businesses (Industry) will develop along the roads, waterways, and rails.
            • It’s easier to move things when you are near transportation centers.
      • “Low density residences” are usually further away from the main transportation lines because of cost.
cbd residential areas
CBD Residential Areas
  • 1st Type Expensive Residential Condos/Apartments
  • 2nd Type “slum” tenements
      • High concentration of people in small area
      • Too expensive to commute to work from further away.
concentric zone model aka burgess model
Concentric Zone Model AKA: Burgess Model
  • Urban “Von Thunen”
  • Made in the 1920s
        • Which means car were not as prolific
  • Ring sizes change as city will continue to grow
        • Rich move-out and less wealthy then occupy.
  • Focuses on population segregation by income level
sector model
Sector Model
  • Still focuses on income levels
  • High rent will have a corridor
  • Low income replaces high housing
  • Still has CBD at its core
  • Wealth areas are adjacent (left or right)
multiple nuclei model
Multiple-Nuclei Model
  • Still focuses on income levels
  • Different “nodes” of growth
  • Multiple CBD’s, not just one
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