Overall travel patterns of older americans
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Overall Travel Patterns of Older Americans. Jeffery L. Memmott [email protected] The analysis and results presented here are solely the authors and do not necessarily represent official policy of the Bureau of Transportation Statistics. 2001 National Household Transportation Survey.

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Overall Travel Patterns of Older Americans

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Overall travel patterns of older americans

Overall Travel Patterns of Older Americans

Jeffery L. Memmott

[email protected]

The analysis and results presented here are solely the authors and do not necessarily represent official policy of the Bureau of Transportation Statistics

Bureau of Transportation Statistics

U.S. Department of Transportation


2001 national household transportation survey

2001 National Household Transportation Survey

  • A national survey of 60,000 individuals in 26,000 households

  • Data collected from March 2001 to May 2002

  • Data collected for both Daily and Long-Distance Trips

  • Weighted responses

Bureau of Transportation Statistics

U.S. Department of Transportation


Nhts long distance trips

NHTS Long-Distance Trips

  • Trips over 50 miles to farthest destination

  • Data collected for all trips during a specific 4-week period

  • Each trip includes all segments of the trip, originating and ending at home

Bureau of Transportation Statistics

U.S. Department of Transportation


Overall travel patterns of older americans

Bureau of Transportation Statistics

U.S. Department of Transportation


Overall travel patterns of older americans

  • Drivers make significantly more long-distance trips than non-drivers for all age groups

  • Male drivers make more trips than female drivers for all age groups, though the gap narrows with the 75+ age group

  • Conversely female non-drivers make about the same or slightly more trips than male non-drivers

Bureau of Transportation Statistics

U.S. Department of Transportation


Overall travel patterns of older americans

Bureau of Transportation Statistics

U.S. Department of Transportation


Overall travel patterns of older americans

  • Personal vehicle is the dominant mode for long-distance trips, about 87% to 90% of all trips

  • Bus use increases for higher age groups, from about 1% for the 25-54 age group, to about 6% for the 75+ age group

  • The use of air travel does not vary much by age group

Bureau of Transportation Statistics

U.S. Department of Transportation


Overall travel patterns of older americans

Bureau of Transportation Statistics

U.S. Department of Transportation


Overall travel patterns of older americans

  • Long distance commuting and business trips decline sharply at higher age groups

  • Pleasure trips increase from about 46% in the 25-54 age group to about 66% in the 75+ age group

  • Personal business trips also increase from about 10% in the 25-54 age group to about 25% in the 75+ age group

Bureau of Transportation Statistics

U.S. Department of Transportation


Overall travel patterns of older americans

Bureau of Transportation Statistics

U.S. Department of Transportation


Overall travel patterns of older americans

  • There is very little change in distance traveled by different age groups

  • The 65-74 age group shows the greatest variation, with somewhat fewer trips in the 50-99 mile category, and more trips in the 100-249 mile category

  • The percentage of the longest trips (over a 1,000 miles) are very similar at about 6 to 7 percent of all trips for each age category

Bureau of Transportation Statistics

U.S. Department of Transportation


Nhts daily trips

NHTS Daily Trips

  • Data collected for all trips on one specified day

  • Travel made from one address to another is reported as a separate trip

  • Specific questions and probes were added to capture biking and walking trips, thought to be undercounted in previous surveys

Bureau of Transportation Statistics

U.S. Department of Transportation


Overall travel patterns of older americans

Bureau of Transportation Statistics

U.S. Department of Transportation


Overall travel patterns of older americans

  • A significant narrowing of hours trips are taken occurs at higher age groups

  • The percentage of trips taken between 9-12 am and 12-3 pm goes up at higher age groups, about 62% of all trips taken by the 75+ age group are taken during these hours

  • Early morning and night time periods decline at higher age groups

Bureau of Transportation Statistics

U.S. Department of Transportation


Overall travel patterns of older americans

Bureau of Transportation Statistics

U.S. Department of Transportation


Overall travel patterns of older americans

  • Mean number of trips decline at higher age groups

  • Non-drivers take far fewer trips than drivers across all age groups, for example in the 85+ age group, drivers take an average of about 3 trips a day compared to about 1 trip a day for non-drivers

  • Much smaller differences are observed between males and females

Bureau of Transportation Statistics

U.S. Department of Transportation


Overall travel patterns of older americans

Bureau of Transportation Statistics

U.S. Department of Transportation


Overall travel patterns of older americans

  • Private vehicle is the dominant mode across all age groups, used in about 90% of all trips

  • Multiple occupancy vehicles are used more frequently at higher age groups

  • Transit use is very low, between 1% and 2%

  • Walking trips make up about 8% to 9% of all trips, consistent over all age groups

Bureau of Transportation Statistics

U.S. Department of Transportation


Overall travel patterns of older americans

Bureau of Transportation Statistics

U.S. Department of Transportation


Overall travel patterns of older americans

  • Family/personal and social/recreational trips represent about 87% to 90% of all trips for older Americans

  • Church/school trips represent about an additional 5% to 6% of all trips for older Americans

  • Work trips decline substantially at higher age groups, but do not disappear. About 2% to 6% of all trips by older Americans are work or work related trips

Bureau of Transportation Statistics

U.S. Department of Transportation


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