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Creative Writing. Unit 1 Poetry. Syllabus Review. The signed syllabus is due on Monday 1/13/14. 1/7/14 Journal #1. Aliens are among us, but they are not what we expected…. Literal Language. Basic, straightforward language without anything creative or clever. Literal:Figurative:

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Creative writing

Creative Writing

Unit 1 Poetry

Syllabus review

Syllabus Review

  • The signed syllabus is due on Monday 1/13/14

1 7 14 journal 1

1/7/14 Journal #1

  • Aliens are among us, but they are not what we expected…

Literal language

Literal Language

  • Basic, straightforward language without anything creative or clever.


    You are six feet tall.You’re as tall as a


    Your turn – write one literal language example.

Writing like poets learn to write simply beautiful poems

Writing Like Poets - Learn to write simply beautiful poems

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Poetry Comes in All Forms










Carpe Diem



Blank Verse

Dramatic Monologue

Iambic Pentameter






Free Verse










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We will explore additional forms of poetry through examples. You will learn techniques you can use in your own poetry writing. DO NOT throw away any work you do in class – you will take your work and put it into a Poetry Portfolio

And hopefully you’ll have some fun along the way…

but only if you have a positive attitude! :)

Limericks the form

Limericks – The form

Limericks have rhythm and rhyme

Limericks consist of five lines.

Lines 1, 2, and 5 have 7 -10 syllables and rhyme

Lines 3 and 4 have 5-7 syllables and also rhyme



1 There once was a man from Beijing. (7-10 syllables)

2 All his life he hoped to be King. (7-10 syllables/ rhyme)

3 So he put on a crown, (5-7 syllables/ rhyme)

4 Which quickly fell down. (5-7 syllables/ rhyme)

5 That small silly man from Beijing. (7-10 syllables/ rhyme)

A man from peru

A Man from Peru

  • There once was a man from Peru.

  • He dreamed he was eating his shoe.

  • He woke with a fright

  • in the middle of the night,

  • to find that his dream had come true.

A girl named lynn

A girl named Lynn

  • There once was a girl named Lynn.

  • Whose form was uncommonly _______________

  • She once by ______________________

  • Was mixed in ___________________________

  • So they baked that young girl named Lynn.

A guy named stan

A guy named Stan

  • There once was this guy named Stan

  • Who had some trouble ____________________

  • He wore a dress __________________________

  • And drove a Chevrolet with __________________

  • And soon Stan became a __________________

Old man in a

Old man in a ______

  • There was an Old Man in a _________

  • Who was horribly bored by a Bee;

  • When they said, 'Does it _______?

  • He replied, 'Yes, it does!

  • 'It's a regular brute of a Bee!'

Fly on the wall

Fly on the wall

There once was a fly on the wall

I wonder why it didn't fall

because it's feet stuck

or was it just luck

or does gravity miss things so small

Now it s your turn

Now it’s your turn

  • Write your own Limerick.

  • Limericks have rhythm and Rhyme

  • Limericks consist of five lines.

  • Lines 1, 2, and 5 have 7 -10 syllables and rhyme

  • Lines 3 and 4 have 5-7 syllables and also rhyme

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Snapshot Poems

Williams liked to write poems like cameras capture pictures: giving the reader a “snapshot” of an image that they can interpret however they wish. While he uses few words, his “snapshots” DO give the reader a clear image in their mind.

Snapshot poems

Snapshot Poems

  • William Carlos Williams (1883-1963)

    • Williams once said that poems aren’t puzzles to be figured out or solved; that poets aren’t trying to trick you.

    • He believed that a poem did NOT have to be complex to be “good.”

    • His poems are often light-hearted & fun.

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William Carlos Williams

The Red Wheelbarrow

so much depends


a red wheel


glazed with rain


beside the white



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What images did you see while listening to that poem?

A red wheelbarrow?

White chickens?

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So, you’re probably thinking, “This is the dumbest poem ever. Why should I learn this?” Besides creating excellent imagery AND being one of my all-time favorites, would you believe me if I said this knowledge could make you RICH?

From “Who Wants to be a Millionaire?”

“White chickens!!!!” I screamed at the TV. (He had to phone a friend.)

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Now it’s YOUR turn!


Yes, ANY image. It can be COMPLETELY random.

(But for this purpose, appropriate.)


Write a poem using the

“Red Wheelbarrow” model

Your first two lines will be

so much depends


See examples...

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Examples from past students...

the faded blue jeans

So much depends


the faded blue


stone-washed with

silver buttons

laying in the heap

of dirty clothes.

The charger

So much depends


the cell phone


laying on the


plugged into the


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Early Out

So much depends


the school secretary’s voice

stammering over the loud speaker

announcing a two-hour early dismissal

from school.

the white snow

So much depends


the white glistening


falling from the gray


on a gloomy school day.

1 8 14 journal 2

1/8/14 Journal #2

You mistakenly enter a room through a door marked “FOR AUTHORIZED PERSONNEL ONLY.”

Figurative language

Figurative Language

  • Creative or poetic language used to make a more striking impression on the reader.

  • Example: The sunset glistened over the ocean, setting the waves on fire.

  • Your turn – give an example of figurative language.

Turnitin com

  • Class ID: 7471965

  • Class Password: CWSpring14

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Fake Apology Poems

Williams also believed poems can be something as simple as a half-hearted apology such as “This is Just to Say”, in which the speaker issues an “apology” for eating someone’s plums.

Notice his use of alliteration

and sensory images (taste, touch/feel).

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This Is Just To Say

By William Carlos Williams

I have eaten

the plums

that were in

the icebox

and which

you were probably


for breakfast

Forgive me

they were delicious

so sweet

and so cold


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Now try writing your own...

Have you ever apologized for something you REALLY weren’t sorry for?

Write a poem using the

“This is Just to Say” model

You’ll issue your apology, but then tell the reader why you really aren’t sorry.

See examples...

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Examples from the past...

This is Just to Say

I have eaten the last

piece of chocolate


in which you were probably

saving for dessert.

Forgive me,

it was heaven

so rich and

so creamy.

This is Just to Say

I have used

all the hot water

for my shower

even though I knew you were

going to shower, too.

Forgive me,

it was steamy

and very relaxing.

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More examples from the past...

Long Live the Hawkeyes

I threw the wet frozen

snowball at your

Illinois jacket

the one Santa brought for you

Christmas morning.

Forgive me

it felt exhilarating

as it splattered over the

ugly blue and orange


This is Just to Say

I drank the

last Diet


in which you were

probably saving

for lunch.

Forgive me.

It was so fizzy

and quenching

and bold.

Irony or paradox poem

Irony or Paradox poem

Gwendolyn Brooks

Brooks (1917-2000) grew up in Chicago, Illinois.

She experienced racial prejudice growing up

She published her first poem in a children’s magazine at age 13

By the time she was 16, she had published around 75 poems

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Brooks uses imagery, alliteration, metaphors, similes, and more in her poetry. The poem you will read is called “We Real Cool.”

She is able to write with the flavor of the language--catching the accents or slang that teenagers would have used.

Ask yourself as you are listening if the group sounds “cool” at all.

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We Real Cool

by Gwendolyn Brooks



We real cool. We

Left school. We

Lurk late. We

Strike straight. We

Sing sin. We

Thin gin. We

Jazz June. We

Die soon.

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Do you think the group is “cool”?

Why or why not?

What statement is Brooks

making about the group?

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Now try writing your own...

Write a poem using the

“We Real Cool” model

(a.k.a. Irony or Paradox poem)

Make a list of actions, then a final statement indicating the OPPOSITE of what you think.

See examples...

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We Real Smart

Students at HHS.

Six sitting in the Commons.

We real smart. We

Dissin’ art. We

Sleep late. We

Party great. We

Hate to run. We

Havin’ some fun. We

Skipped P.E. and


English we hate. We

No grad-u-ate.

Personification poem

Personification Poem

Carl Sandburg was born in Galesburg, Illinois in 1878.

Carl was a hobo, then served in the Spanish-American war. After returning from the war, he enrolled in classes at Lombard College in Galesburg.

Though he never graduated, he was awarded honorary degrees from Lombard, Knox College, and Northwestern University.

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Read this Carl Sandburg poem


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Fogby Carl Sandburg (Chicago Poems, 1916)The fog comeson little cat feet.It sits lookingover harbor and cityon silent haunchesand then moves on.

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The fog is being compared to a cat (remember that personification is a type of metaphor).

It quietly moves into the city, stays for a little bit, then quietly moves on, just like a cat.

But that description is very boring, so Sandburg uses personification: giving the fog the qualities of the cat. Because, last time I checked, the fog didn’t have eyes to look over the city or haunches to sit back on. Or feet, for that matter...

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Personification Examples

The roses opened their petals

to face the

rising sun

The stars wink,


and then say


We could hear the

bench groan

after the player

sat down

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Jot down a few examples of personification.

Try to turn them into poems.

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Simile – comparing using “like” or “as”

Read this Margaret Atwood

poem that uses a SIMILE

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Margaret AtwoodYou Fit Into Meyou fit into melike a hook into an eyea fish hookan open eye(1971)

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Atwood’s example leads us to believe that the simile is something sweet, loving. But then we see that it’s actually the opposite. The reason this poem works is because the words “hook” and “eye” have several meanings.

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Words with several meanings

(or when paired with an adjective take on a new meaning):

ring, band, box, door, line, block, link, chain, tool, key, bat, stand, hand

Ring: Wedding Ring...or Boxing Ring?

Block: Building Block...or Road Block?

Can you come up with a similar poem using those nouns in a simile? (It’s harder than it looks!)

Mrs. Neade's Example:

we go together

like a ring

and a hand

a boxing ring

a broken hand

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Jot down a few examples of similes.

Turning them into a poem like these examples...

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Imagery – create a picture with words

Metaphor – compare without “like” or “as”

Read this Ezra Pound

poem that uses IMAGERY and a METAPHOR

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In A Station of the Metroby Ezra PoundThe apparition of these faces in the crowd;Petals on a wet, black bough.(1916)

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Pound’s poem always reminds me of this Ansel Adams photograph, “Rose on Driftwood.”

The faces appearing before the speaker at the subway station are beautiful; they are the flower petals. The backdrop of the train station is the damp, dingy driftwood.

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Jot down a few examples of metaphors that create a “picture” in your reader’s mind

Turn in to poems.

Examples …

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Metaphor Examples

The bored students

were zombies

by 5th period English

The air outside

was a wet,

damp dog

shaking his fur

into our exposed faces

The classroom was a nuthouse

2nd period

1 10 14 journal 3

1/10/14 Journal #3


A smoky poker room


A scuba diver


A key to a locker





  • A Comparison between two different things using the words “like", or “as.”

  • The corn grew as high as an elephant’s eye.

  • Your turn – write an example of a simile.

Typed journal

Typed Journal

  • Let’s go over the expectations

Using onomatopoeia not just a device for children s literature

Using Onomatopoeia:Not just a device for children’s literature



“Sound” words shouldn’t be overused in a poem unless they are necessary for the story or imagery.

You don’t have to use childish sounding words like “buzz” and “moo.” In other words, if you write a poem that uses onomatopoeia, please don’t write about farm animals. Pretty please.

Instead, try words like: rip, swish, whine, or snap

What other sound words can you think of? Read the next couple of poems and pick out the examples of onomatopoeia.

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Cynthia in the Snow

By Gwendolyn Brooks (from Bronzeville Boys and Girls, 1956)

It SUSHES.It hushesThe loudness in the road.It flitter-twitters,And laughs away from me. It laughs a lovely whiteness,And whitely whirs away,To be,Some otherwhere,Still white as milk or shirts.So beautiful it hurts.

Which words are examples of onomatopoeia?

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Now try writing your own...

Poem using Onomatopoeia,

or sound words.

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(Japanese developed -- or perfected)

Poems about NATURE (a “season” word), 17 syllables long, and written in the formula:

1st line = 5 syllables

2nd line = 7 syllables

3rd line = 5 syllables



The Rose

By Donna Brock

The red blossom bends

and drips its dew to the ground.

Like a tear, it falls.

Because this was originally written in Japanese, the translation does not follow the syllable pattern exactly.

By Matsuo Basho (1644-1694)

(One of the MASTERS of haiku)

Harvest moon:

around the pond I wander

and the night is gone.

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Now try writing your own…


5 - 7 - 5

See examples...

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Dusk Over the Lake

by Virgil Hutton

Dusk over the lake;

a turtle’s head emerges

then silently sinks

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Student Examples

I walk across sand

and find myself blistering

in the hot, hot heat

Snow falling slowly

blanketing the trees and road

silence and beauty

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Haiku Parodies

(Or Modern Haiku)

Does not follow a specific syllable pattern, however it (usually)

follows these rules:

1. No more than 17 syllables total

2. Usually involves an image & a response to that image

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Haiku Parody Examples

Lazy Man’s Haiku

by John Ridland

out in the night

a wheelbarrowful

of moonlight


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Haiku Parody Examples

Haiku Ambulance

by Richard Brautigan

A piece of green pepper

fell off the wooden salad bowl:

so what?


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“Modern” Haiku Examples


one facing

the other way

-Kenneth Leibman

sudden shower

in the empty park

a swing still swinging

-Margaret Chula

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Now try writing your own…


or Haiku Parody


See examples...

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Mrs. Neade's Examples

Mrs. Neade is

yelling at Nate and Brett

They drive me crazy!

It’s Valentine’s Day

Flowers, chocolates, cookies

Now I must diet.

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Acrostic Poems

Spell a word or name down the side of the page. Then write a poem using that letter in the line.

It does NOT have to be the first letter.

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Sitting on

Aunt Jo’s antique chair

Noticing the rain outside

Dreaming about

Running in the

Annawan marathon.

This is also a “Name” poem because the subject of the poem is about the title of the poem and spells the name in the first letter of each line. In acrostic, the letters need not spell the subject, nor be the first letters of the line.

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Now try writing your own...


See examples...

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Mrs. Neade's Examples...




everywhere, but

never finding...


English class










JAy, and


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Student Examples...


Makes me study

morning, noon, and night.

Maddening love.


Works all Day

then falls asleep

in the den.


Bothers me,

Really annoying,

Only true friend I have.

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The opinions expressed in this poem are the student/poet’s and no other person’s or group. Just wanted to make that clear.

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“Me” Poems

There are tons of different formulas to write poems about YOURSELF.

The following page is one formula.

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“Me” Poem Formula:

Line 1: Your First Name

Line 2: Four Adjectives that describe you

Line 3: Relative of…(insert a relative)

Line 4: Who reads…(three things)

Line 5: Who likes…(three things)

Line 6: Who loves…(three things)

Line 7: Who fears…(three things)

Line 8: Who wishes…(three things)

Line 9: Who needs…(three things)

Line 10: Your Last Name

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“Me” Poem Example:


Caring, carefree, hard worker, happy

Wife of Nick

Who reads mysteries, People magazine, student’s work

Who likes summer, gardening, the sun

Who loves her family, being at home, reading

Who fears skiing, rodents, and losing a loved one

Who wishes for quiet, peace, an end to suffering

Who needs love, summer break, and a Starbucks


Line 1: Your First Name

Line 2: Four adjectives that describe you

Line 3: Relative of…(insert a relative)

Line 4: Who reads…(three things)

Line 5: Who likes…(three things)

Line 6: Who loves…(three things)

Line 7: Who fears…(three things)

Line 8: Who wishes…(three things)

Line 9: Who needs…(three things)

Line 10: Your Last Name

OK, I shared with you...Your turn to share!

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Now try writing your own...


1 13 14 journal prompt 4

1/13/14 Journal Prompt #4

After a skiing mishap, you dig your way out of an avalanche and find yourself in a totally different place.



  • A comparison between two different things.

  • Uses no comparative language

  • Uses a form of “to be”

  • Her childis a small dragon with blond hair and blue eyes. Take away her candy and she breathes fire.

Ode to a locker

Ode to a locker

  • Examples:

  • Personification: My science book hid away in a dark corner praying that it would not have to leave the safety of the locker.

  • Simile: Its tattered cover was like a worn carpet; threadbare and pitiful.

  • Metaphor: The combination lock is a dragon guarding treasure from my foes (or homework from my teachers!)

  • Imagery: The smell of three day old latte wafted into the air as I unlocked this secret world of wonders. The avalanche waiting in the dark for the perfect moment to hit! The cold metal against my hand a brutal reminder that I am trapped here until the clock strikes 2:15.

  • Flashback: I think of our first meeting. The locker so clean and full of promise.

  • Foreshadow: The graffiti left behind from previous owners was faint, “Failure is not an option!” It haunted me in my dreams.

1 14 14 journal 5

1/14/14 Journal #5


A hole in a tree


A local judge


A pair of Aces


A tornado approaches



  • Repetition of initial consonant sounds

  • “She sells sea shells by the sea shore.”

I am poem

“I AM” Poem

  • An “I AM” poem can be easily written by looking into your inner self.

  • Begin by describing two special things about yourself.

  • Think of things that are distinctive, creative & imaginative.

  • For example, “I am a girl who bruises easily and believes in astrology when the stars are right.”

Online inspiration for writing poetry

Online Inspiration for Writing Poetry

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Online Inspiration for Writing Poems

Magnetic Poetry Examples

(from website:

You’ll have many choices of different “magnetic poetry” kits to “play” with. This one is from the “Best Friends” kit in the “Kids” section.

You can change your background image, as well.

Just do a screen snapshot to capture your poem & insert it into your poetry book. Instant poem!

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Here’s are some tips to help from becoming inundated by all the words you see:

1. Gather words from the stack that you like or that stand out. Just drag some around and see what is there. When one strikes you as a word that you like (it could be the sound of it, it could be the meaning of it, whatever…), simply drag it into a little pile off to the side.

Start a little pile of words you like.

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Tips for Magnetic Poetry (aka “Chance Poetry”), continued

2. When you have a good pile of words, sort through those to form your poem.

3. In the regular “play” kits (not the Kids kits) you can alphabetize the words, eliminating some of them if you can’t find a particular word.

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4. Don’t get hung up on a word if you can’t find it. WRITE down your poem with the word you want. You can leave a blank on the screen for that word so if you find it, you can put it in.

But by writing it down, you still have a poem you created even if you never do find that word.

5. Use the different suffixes for derivatives of words to help them make more sense (or not).

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This example uses alliteration (sad/secret/situation, together/true), personification (beauty cannot “protect”) & does not rhyme.

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Student Examples

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or try








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Wordle your poems!

Poetry IS an art form. But try your hand at making it a visual experience, as well. These poems, Walt Whitman’s “O Captain, My Captain” and “Dreams” by Langston Hughes were pasted into

to produce these visual works of art.

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Don’t forget to use some poetic devices in your writing, such as:

• Alliteration

• Internal rhymes

• Similes & Metaphors

• Hyperboles

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Paste your text here.

Then press “Go.”

“We Real Cool”

by Gwendolyn Brooks

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This is one of my original poems as a Wordle.

To print or save as a PDF file, click on “Print”

Then either print or press the PDF options and Save as… a PDF file.

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Make adjustments!

To include numbers, common words (like I, the, am, you, etc.)

To change the font

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Make adjustments!

To change the layout

To change the colors:

use the “Edit Custom Palate” to choose your own colors.

1 16 14 journal 6

1/16/14 Journal #6

A Feng-shui consultant puts a curse on you after you prove him wrong.



  • A reference to another work of literature

  • The prologue to Twilight makes reference to the Bible verse in Genesis about the dangers of eating from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil.

Practice figurative language

Practice Figurative Language

  • Firework by Katy Perry Activity

Poetry portfolio

Poetry Portfolio

  • Use class time wisely – due Monday

1 17 14 journal 7

1/17/14 Journal #7


In a motel room


A grave digger


A twin engine plane



Literary elements quiz

Literary Elements Quiz

Provide an example for the following:

  • Literal Language

  • Figurative Language

  • Simile

  • Metaphor

  • Alliteration

Poetry portfolio1

Poetry Portfolio

  • Use class time wisely – due Tuesday January 21st

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