Online communities
Sponsored Links
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
1 / 10

Online Communities PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 100 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Online Communities. By Jennifer L. Bowie Based on the readings for class. Questions for discussion. What is the difference between a group and a community? Can a true community form online?. What is a online community?.

Download Presentation

Online Communities

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Online Communities

By Jennifer L. Bowie

Based on the readings for class


Questions for discussion

  • What is the difference between a group and a community?

  • Can a true community form online?


What is a online community?

  • Online or virtual communities form "when people carry on public discussions long enough, with sufficient human feeling, to form webs of personal relationships” Rheingold

  • Virtual communities are created around common interests

  • They require:

    • People

    • Purpose

    • Policies

    • Computer systems (Preece)

  • Considered “third places” (conversation-based informal environments that are neither work nor home and are a place of community)

  • They can include (from Preece 13 drawing on ACM):

    • Shared activities and strong emotional ties

    • Shared access to resources and policies concerning the resources

    • Reciprocity of info, services, and support

    • Shared context including language

  • There is a sense of community

  • There are often rituals


Why do people contribute?

  • According to Peter Kollock there are three non-altruistic motivations:

    • Anticipated reciprocity: give and get

    • Increased recognition: become recognized

    • Sense of efficacy: can effect the environment

  • Also due to a “sense of community” according to Mark Smith


The community hierarchy

According to Amy Jo Kim there are five stages of the community participation hierarchy:

  • Lurker or visitor: just observe

  • Novice: begin participating

  • Regular: have continue participation over a period of time

  • Leader: further sustained participation with recognition

  • Elder: long time leader and often a community pillar or “wise person”


Virtual selves?

by Peter Steiner page 61 of July 5, 1993 issue of The New Yorker, (Vol.69 (LXIX) no. 20)


From http://www.unc.edu/depts/jomc/academics/dri/idog.html


Virtual selves…

  • Psychical aspects like race, sex, appearance, and even disabilities are not “evident” online

  • People can be whoever they want (within reason generally)

  • This is seen as both positive and negative. Why?


What online communities can you think of?

  • Why/how are they communities?


The End

From: http://www.arcatapet.com/fullsize/11131.jpg


  • Login