Local government and ageing in different environments
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Local Government and Ageing in different environments. Presentation to International Federation on Ageing Conference Prague May 2012 Margaret Kay Senior Policy Officer, Ageing and Disability Dr Peter Phibbs, Dr Elizabeth O’Brien University of Western Sydney. Outline.

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Local government and ageing in different environments

Local Government and Ageing in different environments

Presentation to International Federation on Ageing Conference

Prague May 2012

Margaret Kay

Senior Policy Officer, Ageing and Disability

Dr Peter Phibbs, Dr Elizabeth O’Brien University of Western Sydney


Outline

Outline

Climate and Local Government

  • Local Government and Ageing project

  • Older people on the move

  • Effects of extreme climates on older people & Council responses:

    • Sea level rises

    • Flash flood

    • Bush fire

    • Heat wave

    • Drought


Local government and ageing in different environments

1.Local Government and Ageing project


Local government and ageing project

Local Government and Ageing Project

  • Funded by Ageing, Disability and Home Care, NSW Government 2010

  • Partner with Local Government and Shires Associations NSW

  • 11 rural councils

  • 9 metropolitan councils


What nsw councils do

What NSW councils do

NSW:

  • 152 councils

  • Ranging in size from

    5 km2 to 53,000 km2

  • Populations from

    1,400 to 284,000

    Council is:

    • Service provider

    • Planner, regulator

    • Manager of built and natural environment

    • Community advocate


Project aims

Project aims

  • social and economic contribution of older people

  • identify the magnitude of costs for Local Government of an ageing population

  • financial impact

  • range of council services affected

  • potential impacts on council’s revenue raising capacity


Findings

Findings

Value of older people as community members

Councils are expected to provide:

  • Community transport

  • Footpaths, paths for mobility scooters

  • Bus shelters (weather protection)

  • Services nearby

  • Facilities for visiting populations


Climate councils and ageing

Climate, councils and ageing

  • Good climate =

    • Older people as travellers

    • Grey nomads need infrastructure

    • Retirement lifestyles - sea/tree change

  • Extreme climate =

    • Older People’s care in extremes

    • Engineering solutions compete with age friendliness


Local government and ageing in different environments

2. Older people on the move


Climate for lifestyle and tourism nsw north coast

Climate for lifestyle andtourism – NSW north coast


Grey nomads

Grey nomads


Local government and ageing in different environments

Casino RV village NSW


Sea and tree change

Sea and tree change

LIFESTYLE CHOICES

  • Sea change =

    move to coast

  • Tree change =

    move to countryside


Pressures on councils

Pressures on councils

  • Population ages

  • Pressures on council services:

    • garbage collection

    • community transport

    • community care

    • cemeteries


Local government and ageing in different environments

3. Effects of extreme climates on older people & council responses


My country

My Country

..I love a sunburnt country,A land of sweeping plains,Of ragged mountain ranges,Of droughts and flooding rains.I love her far horizons,I love her jewel-sea,Her beauty and her terror -The wide brown land for me!Dorothea Mackellar(1885 - 1968)


Challenge for councils

Challenge for councils

In NSW, councils deal with a range of events:

  • Sea level rises

  • Flash flood

  • Bush fire

  • Heat wave

  • Drought


Council responses

Council responses

  • Planning and building controls

  • Engineering and road works

  • Council facilities

  • Health support

  • Social support


Local government and ageing in different environments

Sea level rises


Rising sea level

Rising sea level

  • 85% Australians live near coast


Local government and ageing in different environments

  • 60,000 homes in NSW affected by 1.1 m sea level rise = $18.7 billion

  • (Climate Commission 2011)


Coastal erosion

Coastal erosion


Council response coastal management policy

Council response – coastal management policy

  • Sea walls, groynes, sand pumping

  • Planned retreat policies

  • Planning certificate notifications

  • Coastal management fee

  • Council may be liable for future damages


Sea level rise issues for older people

Sea level rise issues for older people

  • Right to protect individual property

  • Housing Security

  • Fees?

  • Insurance premiums

  • Modifications?

  • Caravan park dwellers


Local government and ageing in different environments

Flash flood


Flash flood broken hill

Flash flood Broken Hill

  • 10 mm in 2 hours

  • Winds 70 km/hr

  • Hail

  • Lightning

  • Power cuts in 6,000

    homes


Flash flood broken hill1

Flash flood Broken Hill


Council response levee bank

Council response – levee bank


High kerbs

High kerbs


Flood issues for older people

Flood issues for older people

  • Health

    • Mosquitoes

    • Water quality

    • Sewerage overflow

    • Mould – asthma

  • Pedestrian access difficult with high kerbs

  • Isolation

    • food services

    • care


Services meals on wheels

Canterbury, NSW Meals On Wheels

Services- meals on wheels

  • Oats afloat?

  • Toast in a boat

  • Tea at sea?


Local government and ageing in different environments

Bushfire


Bushfire

Bushfire

  • Increase in very high fire danger days

  • 2002, 100+

    homes destroyed

    (Joint Select Committee on Bushfires 2002)


Local government and ageing in different environments

Dean Street in Long Gully, west of Bendigo Wikipedia

Ku-ring-gai Council


Council response safer places

Ku-ring-gai Council

Rural Fire Service NSW

Council response – safer places


Bushfire issues for older people

Bushfire issues for older people

  • Residential aged care – edges of towns

  • Isolation

  • Dangerous behaviours – gutters

  • Breathing difficulties


Local government and ageing in different environments

Heat wave


Council responses plans

Council responses - plans

  • Warnings

  • Local government heatwave plan

  • Information on health risks and prevention

  • Safe public places that are air conditioned such as libraries, movie theatres, council buildings


Heat wave issues for older people

Heat wave issues for older people

  • Power failure

  • Heat stroke

  • Affect on medications and life equipment

  • Dehydration – toilet stops

  • Living alone or homeless

  • Death


Local government and ageing in different environments

Lake Macquarie Council, NSW

Health Victoria


Stay cool

www.popbitch .com

Stay cool


Local government and ageing in different environments

Drought


Drought

CSIRO BOM 2008 Drought Exceptional circumstances

Drought

  • 1997 – 2009

  • 2003 worst

  • on record


Council response water

Council response - water

  • Trucking in water in

    some rural areas

  • Water saving rules

  • Emergency pipeline

  • Social supports for

    isolated farmers

    - outreach


Drought issues for older people

Drought issues for older people

  • Rural population is ageing at a faster rate

  • Exhaustion

  • Selling farms processes complicated

  • Hospitalisations due to stress

  • Social isolation of aged farmers

  • Water restrictions

  • Water quality


Council and climate for older people

Council and climate for older people

  • Respond to locals and tourists

  • Infrastructure

  • Information

  • Support and capacity building in climatic extremes

    Report:

    http://www.adhc.nsw.gov.au/__data/assets/file/0005/250826/20_OBrien_and_Phibbs_2011_Local_Govt_Ageing.pdf


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