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Information Sharing in Justice and Public Safety. A National Imperative. Paul Wormeli Chairman Executive Steering Committee GJXDM Training and Technical Assistance Committee (GTTAC). September 5, 2006. BJA’s GTTAC— member organizations. IJIS Institute SEARCH

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Information Sharing in Justice and Public Safety

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Information sharing in justice and public safety

Information Sharing in Justice and Public Safety

A National Imperative

Paul Wormeli


Executive Steering Committee

GJXDM Training and

Technical Assistance Committee (GTTAC)

September 5, 2006

Bja s gttac member organizations

BJA’s GTTAC— member organizations

  • IJIS Institute


  • National Law Enforcement Telecommunications System

  • National Governor’s Association

  • National Law Enforcement and Corrections Technology Centers

  • Georgia Tech Research Institute

  • Law Enforcement Information Technology Standards Council (IACP, PERF, NOBLE, NSA)

  • Global XML Structure Task Force

  • Justice Information Sharing Professionals

  • National Center for State Courts

  • National Association of State CIO’s

Mission and vision

Mission and Vision

  • GTTAC's Mission:To coordinate the work of national service providers in providing training and technical assistance on issues related to the implementation of the Global JXDM

  • GTTAC's Vision:To make available to all who require assistance a consistent, high quality, and complete set of resources and materials sufficient to ensure that Global JXDM implementations are developed in such a way as to ensure true interoperability.

2006 programs

2006 Programs

  • Training Programs

    • National

    • Localized

    • Regional

    • National User’s Group Conference

  • IEPD development

  • Technical Assistance

  • National Virtual Help Desk

  • National IEPD Clearinghouse

Why are we doing this

Why are we doing this?

  • To prevent acts of terrorism

  • To respond to catastrophic events

  • To improve the efficiency and effectiveness of law enforcement and the administration of justice

  • To improve the safety of our citizens

  • To improve the quality of justice in America

Impediments to automated information sharing

Interagency competition

Lack of understanding

Lack of resources

Need to trust

Lack of interoperability standards and guidelines

Antiquated procurement methodology

No clear vision

Resistance to change

Governance models

Complexity of solution

Lack of project management expertise

Untrained staffs

Investment risk

Compulsive reliance on paper

Legacy system dependence

Impediments to automated information sharing

The times they are a changin bob dylan 1964

“The times they are a’changin”--Bob Dylan, 1964

Milestones in time

Milestones in time

  • 1971—First interstate exchange of criminal history information

  • 1975—Microsoft founded

  • 1981—IBM PC Released

  • 1991—World Wide Web invented

  • 1999—XML makes the grade

  • ????—Al Gore invents the internet

Where are we now

Where are we now?

Ten features of an open ict ecosystem berkman center for internet and society

Ten Features of an Open ICT Ecosystem(Berkman Center for Internet and Society)

1. Interoperability enabled

2. Use of open technologies

3. Architecture framework

4. Architecture development models

5. Communication & compliance

6. Business process led or linked

7. Linkages among agencies

8. Active management

9. Acquisition strategy/ICT investment

10. Collaborative communities

Openness maturity model

Openness Maturity Model

  • Level 0 Mainly Closed

  • Level 1 Ad Hoc

  • Level 2 Open Aware

  • Level 3 Defined and Developing

  • Level 4 Managed Openness

  • Level 5 Measured and Sustainable

Where we are now

Where we are now

  • GJXDM has reached the tipping point

  • Endorsed by DOJ, DHS, FBI, Global, IJIS Institute, SEARCH, NCSC,…..

  • Tools published

  • 200+ projects underway throughout the country

  • OJP/DHS special condition issued requiring use

  • Training for developers and practitioners underway

  • Reference documents being developed

  • Basis for the NIEM

Information sharing in justice and public safety

US map showing states with one or more projects utilizing GJXDM in 2006

Standards design and adoption

Standards Design and Adoption

  • A participatory democracy for standards development expedites adoption

  • Stakeholder representation by respected peers is essential

    • A national standard must have state/local involvement from the beginning

    • Participation by solution providers in the domain is critical for long term success

  • Establishing trust must precede agreements to exchange information

  • Open standards are the key to success

Implementation phase

Implementation phase

  • Standards for information sharing only work well in a strategic architecture that supports them

  • Retrofitting existing message exchanges to use GJXDM adds costs but not value

  • Simplistic adherence without a compatible architecture only satisfies rules and seldom gives benefits

Where are we going

Where are we going?

Technology horizon

Technology horizon

  • GJXDM—NIEM Convergence

  • Justice Reference Architecture

  • Adoption of Web 2.0 technology

  • The semantic web

  • Ubiquitous broadband

  • On-line collaboration





Opportunities and challenges

Opportunities and challenges

  • Virtual enterprise information systems

    • Electronic Information Integration

  • Decision-making based on information

    • Timely information

    • Information everywhere

  • Cross-domain information exchange

Impacts on criminal justice

Impacts on criminal justice

  • Much greater efficiency

    • Fewer redundant processes

    • Eliminating useless programs/processes

  • More intelligent decision-making

    • Natural information sharing

    • Data-driven decisions

  • Improved quality of justice

    • Faster and better case disposition

    • More intelligent use of discretionary powers

Technology is not the answer

Technology is Not the Answer--

Information Sharing is

Information sharing in justice and public safety

The line it is drawnThe curse it is castThe slow one nowWill later be fastAs the present nowWill later be pastThe order isRapidly fadin'.And the first one nowWill later be lastFor the times they are a-changin' –Bob Dylan, 1964

Information sharing in justice and public safety

One Nation,


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