Warm-Up #1 ( 10/22/13). What do you already know (or think you know) about the Middle Ages?. Warm-Up #2 (10/23/13) DC3 Review. Why were the early Middle Ages called the “Dark Ages”? Who was the “light” in the early Middle Ages? Why?
The king was a good king, known to be honorable and strong. Under his authority were many (1)____________________ who swore allegiance to him in an official ceremony of homage and were granted the authority to govern parts of the kingdom on the king’s behalf. All of these men were also (2)____________________ because they also granted land or a (3)____________________ to men who then owed allegiance to them and so on. These men of the realm formed a ranked order of authority or (4)____________________ which was supposed to provide local government. At each level these noblemen under the king were also supposed to supply the man directly above him with mounted warriors or (5)____________________ to provide defense for the realm. Also if their (2) were captured in battle the (1) would be expected to rescue them at all costs and even pay ransom to get them back.
The mounted warriors themselves were usually from the noble class and would go through a process of being trained to become a mounted warrior. At seven years old a young noble boy would go to the large estate or (1)____________________ of another nobleman and become a (2)____________________or attendant in the service of a warrior. Hopefully, in the care of the nobleman’s wife or (3)____________________ of the manor he would learn manners, music and responsibility. At fourteen he would advance to the status of (4)____________________ in which he would serve his warrior completely, learning everything he knew about warfare and (5)_____________________, or the code that governed the mounted warrior’s life. The warriors often competed in mock battles or (6)____________________which gave them the opportunity to demonstrate their skills as warriors.
Practice of kings appointing bishops
Important religious ceremonies, such as baptism
Practice of bishops selling positions in the church
Banishment from the church
Banned from receiving sacraments
Pope, Archbishops, Bishops, Priests
Stained Glass Windows
Intellectual movement that brought together faith and reason
Began as learning guilds
Language of everyday speech
Characterized by high walls and pointed arches
Showed stories from the bible for those who could not read