Philippines: Meeting Infrastructure Challenges. The World Bank. Infrastructure in the Philippines. A mixed picture of important achievements And remaining weaknesses.
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The World Bank
Overall access to water supply and sanitation, telephones, and electricity are relatively high compared with other developing Asian countries
Sources:Philippine data from JICA-DPWH. 2003. “Roads in the Philippines.” Manila; other countries from the ASEAN Statistical Yearbook 2004 and the ASEAN Transport and Communication Sectoral Report 1999. ASEAN, Jakarta.
% of population residing in urban areas
% of population residing in Metro Manila
Infrastructure Ranking in the Global Competitiveness Report
Source: World Economic Forum, “The Global Competitiveness Report, 2003-2004”
Legend: 1=poorly developed and inefficient, 7= among the best in the world
Access to basic infrastructure
Percent of population
Need to increase infrastructure spending from less than 3% of GDP to at least 5%, and increase the efficiency of infrastructure spending in the meantime
Note: No breakdown for China, figures are 1991-2000 average. Philippines and Indonesia (2002 figures) , Albania and Russia (2000) and Cambodia (2001).
Sources: World Bank Privte Participation in Infrastructure Database, World Bank Public Expenditure Reports, China Statistical yearbook (various years).
Capital outlays only.
Sources: Department of Budget and Management; Department of Finance; Commission on Audit; Maynilad Water Services, Inc.; Manila Water Corporation, Inc.; Optel Ltd.; and World Bank.
Infrastructure Investment as a share of GDP, 1985-2002