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„ Establishment of development and extension center in the Peruvian Amazon “. Project in the Program of Czech International Development Aid :. Basic information about the project. Donor : Ministry of Agriculture ČR Execution : ITS, CUA in Prague Duration : 2003 – 2006

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establishment of development and extension center in the peruvian amazon

„Establishment of development and extension center in the Peruvian Amazon“

Project in the Program of Czech International Development Aid:

basic information about the project
Basic information about the project
  • Donor: Ministry of Agriculture ČR
  • Execution: ITS, CUAin Prague
  • Duration: 2003 – 2006
  • Overall budget: 4 950 000,- Kč
  • Budget for the year 2003: 1 683 000,- Kč
  • Project site: Peru, Ucayali, Pucallpa
project staff
Project staff
  • Ing. Bohdan Lojka (agroforestry)
  • Ing. Jana Lojková (socio-ekonomy, marketing)
  • Ing. Jan Banout (engineering)
  • Ing. Zbyněk Polesný (etnobotany, agricultural systems)
  • Ing. Martin Kočárek (pedology)
basic information about project site
Basic information about project site
  • Region Ucayali population: 430 000
  • Pucallpa population: 250000
  • Amazon Basin
  • 150-200 m.a.s.l.
  • precipitation 1500 mm
  • Climate – tropical humid
  • Tropical Rainforest
current situation in the project area
Current situation in the project area
  • One of the least developed region in
  • Since 1960s colonization by the new settlers
  • Extensive deforestation
  • Slash-and-Burn farming
  • A lot of large development project failed
  • Low interest of the government for development (low investment, bad infrastructure)
objectives of the project
Objectives of the project
  • Improvement of the agricultural systems
  • Generation and extension of the improved agroforestry practices
  • Economic evaluation of agroforestry systems
  • Improved marketing of local agriculture products
  • Including ITS students into the project
major activities in year 2003
Major activities in year 2003
  • Selection of 6 participating communities
  • Monitoring of current agricultural systems –RRA, PRA, semi-structured interview
  • Pedological survey
  • Beginning of PTD process
  • Cooperation with local governmental as well as non-governmental organization
  • Extension of improved agroforestry practices
  • Cooperation with UNU (agroforestry nursery, student thesis)
  • Other activities
slide9

Selection of communities

  • Participating communities were selected from 2 distinct agro-ecological zones:
  • Seasonally flooded areas along Ucayali river:
    • - Santa Teresa
    • - Santa Isabel de Bahuanisho
    • - Monte de los Olivos
  • B) Upland areas along the Pucallpa-Lima road:
  • - Nueva Belén
  • - Antonio Raymondi
  • - Pimental
slide16

Participation monitoring

  • key informants
  • Semi-structured interviews
    • 3-4 farmers in each community
  • Participation diagnostic workshops
    • 2 in each community
  • Starting of PTD process
slide21

Results of the diagnosis

  • Main problems in the floodplain areas:
  • - pest and diseases
  • - market prices of the agricultural products
  • - transport of the products to the market
  • - lack processing
  • - small diversification of production
  • Main problems in the upland areas:
  • - deforestation
  • - loss of soil fertility
  • - weeds
  • - fires
slide22

Methodology of PTD process

  • Global community diagnosis
  • Defining priority problems and their diagnosis (What and why)
  • Looking for things to try and designing the experiments
  • Trying things out - measuring
  • Evaluation and sharing the results
slide23

Cooperation organization

  • UNU – Universidad Nacional de Ucayali
  • FUSEVI – Fuerza por la Selva Viva
  • UNAS – Universidad Nacional Agraria de la Selva, Tingo María
  • Ministry of Agriculture - Pucallpa
  • SENASA – Servicio Nacional de la Sanidad Agraria
  • ICRAF – World Agroforestry Centre
  • INIA – Instituto Nacional de Investigación Agraria
slide24

Generation of improved technologies

  • Biological control against pest and diseases (Cosmopolites sordidus, Fusarium sp.)
  • Support of vegetable growing – providing improved and certified seeds
  • Fruit processing
  • Weed control –providing small mechanization for 3 communities
  • Improved agroforestry system withInga edulis
  • Support of pepper (Piper nigrum) growing with the use of agroforestry methods
slide29

Distribution of tree seedlings (live posts for pepper) in Pimental

- Bolaina (Guazuma crinita)- Tahuari (Tabebuia serratifolia)

slide30

Cooperation with the National University of Pucallpa UNU

  • Establishment of Agroforestry nursery for native fruit trees
    • Part of production for germaplasm conservation in the botanic garden
    • Part of production for promotion among farmers
    • Part of production for market
  • Student thesis – Feasibility study of citrus processing in the Mashangay region
slide34

Other activities

  • Organization of PTD workshop
  • Publishing of the picture brochure and workshops about fire prevention and
  • Material support of local agricultural college (Colegio Agropecuario de Santa Rosa)
plans for the next year
Plans for the next year
  • Continuation of PTD process (Participatory Technology Development)
  • Establishment of agroforestry plots in pepper growing
  • Establishment of germaplasm orchard of native fruit trees with UNU
  • Possibilities of fruit processing (jam, dry fruits)
  • Pedological survey (continuation)
  • Composting
  • Marketing of local products
  • Support of organic farming in the area
thanks for your attention
Thanks for your attention

www.itsz.czu.cz/projects/peru/projektperu.htm

Ing. Bohdan Lojka ([email protected])

Ing. Jana Lojková ([email protected])

Ing. Jan Banout ([email protected])

Ing. Zbyněk Polesný ([email protected])

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