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Environmental Systems and Societies . One way to look at the spectra of environmental ideas……. Environmental Value Systems (EVS).

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Environmental value systems evs
Environmental Value Systems ideas……..(EVS)

An Environmental Value System (EVS) is a particular worldview or set of paradigms that shapes the way an individual, or group of people, perceive and evaluate environmental issues.


Inputs
Inputs ideas……..

  • The EVS Inputs are:

  • Education

  • Cultural influences

  • Religious texts and doctrine

  • The media


Outputs
Outputs: ideas……..

  • The EVS Outputs are:

  • Perspectives

  • Decisions on how at act regarding environmental issues

  • Course of action


Outputs ideas……..

Inputs

Education

Decisions

Environmental

value

systems

Culture

Actions

Media

Attitudes

Religion


Ecocentrism
Ecocentrism ideas……..

  • Nature-centered

  • Minimal disturbance of natural processes

  • Sustainability for the whole Earth

  • Self-imposed restraint on resource use

  • Somewhat the opposite of a technocentrist


Deep ecologists
Deep Ecologists ideas……..

  • Nature is important for the humanity of people.

  • Ecological (natural) laws dictate human morality.

  • Belief in biorights - the right of endangered species or unique landscapes to remain undisturbed.

  • No faith in modern large-scale technology due to its dependence on elitist expertise, central state

  • Materialism is wrong. Economic growth should be geared to provide for the poorest people.


Soft ecologists
Soft Ecologists ideas……..

  • Small-scale development builds better communities.

  • Integrate work and leisure through personal and communal improvement.

  • Important to participate in community affairs.

  • No faith in modern large-scale technology due to its dependence on elitist expertise, central state

  • Materialism is wrong. Economic growth should be geared to provide for the poorest people.


Anthropocentrism

Anthropocentrism ideas……..


Definition
Definition ideas……..

  • The tendency for human beings to regard themselves as the central and most significant entities in the universe

  • The assessment of reality through an exclusively human perspective


Environmental impact
Environmental Impact ideas……..

  • The underlying reason why humanity dominates and sees the need to “develop” most of the Earth

  • Central problematic concept in environmental philosophy

  • Sense of selfishness, not taking into consideration the impact their actions have on their surroundings

  • Puts humanity before everything


Sources
Sources ideas……..

  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anthropocentrism

  • http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/anthropocentric

  • http://louiskennedy.files.wordpress.com/2011/02/munching-on-the-planet.jpg



Technocentrism
Technocentrism ideas……..

Technocentrism: This is a personal value in which is when a person believes that technology should affect, control and protect the environment.


Cornucopians
Cornucopians ideas……..

Cornucopains:A cornucopian is a futurist who believes that continued progress and provision of material items for mankind can be met by similarly continued advances in technology.


Buddhist and judaeo christian societies

Buddhist and ideas……..Judaeo-Christian Societies


Buddhist society
Buddhist society ideas……..

  • Eccocentric

  • Nature based

  • Believes in living in balance with nature

  • Believes in the importance of an intrinsic bond between man and nature

  • Believes that ecology dictates human morality

  • Believes that nature has its own right

  • Very different from Judaeo-Christian societies, which are more human based and centered around the rights of human beings


Judaeo christian societies
Judaeo ideas……..-Christian Societies

  • Anthropocentric

  • Human based

  • Believes that God created nature for the sake and for the use of man

  • Believes that man is in charge of ecology and determines the rules of ecology and how to deal with it

  • Believes that it’s their responsibility to take care of the environment

  • Believes that man can find a way out of any environmental difficulty (not to be confused with technocentrism.)


Communist vs capitalist
Communist Vs Capitalist ideas……..

  • Ideal For Equal Distribution and No Profit

  • Restricted Voice For the public means that all parties are not heard

  • Communist tends to be “for the people”, thus the environment comes in second.

  • Free Market means that sound use of resources

  • Civil Liberties Means Voice Is Heard For All Parties

  • Capitalistic Lobbies mean that if one party with overt power, environmental protection not as large.


Communism
Communism ideas……..

  • Buna Chemicals In East Germany

  • Chernobyl

  • Helped protect interest of farmers, workers and fishers, who thrive of good environmental policies.


Capitalism
Capitalism ideas……..

  • Rise of capitalism may mean rise of polluters ensuring lobbies to protect their own needs.

  • May exploit weaker economic nations through their environment



Major landmarks
Major landmarks ideas……..

  • A new disease was discovered in Minamata City in Japan, in 1956.

  • It was found to be linked to the release of methyl mercury into the waste-water produced by a chemical factory.

  • The mercury accumulated in shellfish and fish along the coast; the contaminated fish and shellfish were eaten by the local population and caused mercury poisoning.


  • American biologist Rachel Carson’s influential book ideas……..Silent Spring was published in 1962.

  • It remains one of the most influential books of the environmental movement.

  • The book led to widespread concerns about the use of pesticides and the pollution of the environment.


  • Protests about environmental disasters and concern about the unsustainable use of the Earth’s resources have led to the formation of pressure groups.

  • Greenpeace (one of the most influential) which made its name in 1975 by mounting an anti-whaling campaign.

  • In the 1980s, Greenpeace made even bigger headlines with its anti-nuclear testing campaign.


  • In 1986, reactor number four at the Chernobyl plant in Ukraine exploded.

  • A plume of highly radioactive dust was sent into the atmosphere and fell over an extensive area, which became contaminated.

  • Caused increased incidences of cancer in the most exposed areas.

  • The incident raised issues concerning the safety of Soviet nuclear power stations.


Bibliography
Bibliography Ukraine exploded.

  • http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/8/8d/Tomokos_hand.gif

  • http://messagesofkindness.files.wordpress.com/2011/09/rachel-carson-silent-spring.jpg

  • http://www.greenpeace.org/international/PageFiles/24145/cover-of-the-book-greenpeace.jpg

  • http://blog.freshjive.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/06/an-aerial-view-of-the-chernobyl-nuclear-plant-in-ukraine-shows-damage-from-an-explosion-and-fire-in-one-of-the-reactors-that-sent-large-amounts-of-radioactive-material-into-the-atmosphere-april-26-1986.jpg


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