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Chapter 14. Setting the Stage. Between 1000 and 1300, agriculture, trade, and finance made progress Creativity also created a growth of learning, and the development of the university. Food Supply. Expanding a civilization require an increase in food supply

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Setting the stage
Setting the Stage

Between 1000 and 1300, agriculture, trade, and finance made progress

Creativity also created a growth of learning, and the development of the university


Food supply
Food Supply

Expanding a civilization require an increase in food supply

Farmers could now use land that had been to cold to grow crops


Food supply1
Food Supply

For hundreds of year peasants had used oxen to pull plows, (they were easy to keep)

Horses eventually replace oxen


Food supply2
Food Supply

  • Farmers began using a three field system

  • Farmers could grow crops on ¾ of their land instead of half of their land


Health
Health

With the increase in food production more crops could be grown

Villagers had more to eat, and the food was better for them


Finance
Finance

People from nearby manors came to town to trade cloth, bacon, salt, honey, cheese, wine, leather, and knives


Growth of trade and towns
Growth of Trade and Towns

Trade was the lifeblood of new towns, which sprang up near ports and crossroads


Towns
Towns

Towns were built crudely with small narrow streets

There was no sewer, people dumped both animal and human waste into the streets


Learning
Learning

The growing trade and cities bought a new interest in learning

The universities that arose in western Europe were like none that had come before


Learning1
Learning

At a time when serious scholars were writing in Latin, some began to use vernacular


Learning2
Learning

The interest of learning sparked an interest in the ancient scholars

The crusades brought Europeans into contact with Byzantines and Muslims


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