Exploration. Spain: Francisco Pizarro. Conquest of the Inca’s Pizarro led the Spanish against large Incan Armies and defeated them. He captured the Incan Capital of Cusco. Spain: Juan Ponce de Leon. Explored the Florida and is responsible for naming it as such.
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England’s first attempt to settle North America came a year prior to its victory over Spain, in 1587, when Sir Walter Raleigh sponsored a settlement on Roanoke Island (now part of North Carolina).
The colony would have perished without the help of a group of local tribes called the Powhatan Confederacy, who taught the English what crops to plant and how to plant them.
Jamestown’s prospects brightened considerably once John Rolfe introduced the cash crop of tobacco in 1611, which local Indians had been growing for years.
As new settlements sprang up around Jamestown, the entire area came to be known as the Chesapeake (named after the bay). That area today is comprised mostly of Virginia and Maryland.
Indentured servants became the first means to meet this need for labor.
In return for free passage to Virginia, a laborer worked for 4-7 years in the fields before being granted freedom.
The Crown rewarded planters with 50 acres of land for every inhabitant they brought to the New World.
Population of Chesapeake Colonies: 1610-1750
Naturally, the colony began to expand.
This expansion was soon challenged by the Native Americans (particularly the Powhatan)