Forced labour in what we buy
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Forced Labour in what we buy. How do our products reach us? Which workers might be vulnerable to slavery? How can I influence responsible stakeholders to eradicate forced labour?. Where do they things I buy come from?.

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Forced Labour in what we buy

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Forced labour in what we buy

Forced Labour in what we buy

How do our products reach us?

Which workers might be vulnerable to slavery?

How can I influence responsible stakeholders to eradicate forced labour?


Where do they things i buy come from

Where do they things I buy come from?

In the morning, we drink coffee provided for us by a South American, or tea by a Chinese, or cocoa by a West African. Before we leave for our jobs we’re already indebted to more than half the world.

Martin Luther King Jnr.


Where do our products come from

Where do our products come from?

One example of the complex ways our products are made

Mobile phones:

Coltan (conductor) from Congo, Australia, Brazil etc

Casing: made from plastic –from oil from Saudi Arabia, Angola, Nigeria, America etc

Manufactured in Japan, China, Finland


Where do our products come from1

Where do our products come from?

T-shirt

Cotton: grown in China, USA, India, Uzbekistan or Brazil

Manufactured by companies in India, Taiwan, Nepal, Pakistan

Transported and sold by companies around the world


Sample supply chain for chocolate stage 1 raw materials

Sample supply chain for chocolate – Stage 1 - Raw materials

Cocoa sold to manufacturer directly/middlemen exporters marketing board

Workers are single farmers and family / non-family members also hired

Cocoa harvested by farmers in Ivory Coast, Ghana, Indonesia etc

Cocoa

Workers are single farmers and family / non-family members also hired

Milk from cows owned by small or large scale farmers or cooperatives

Milk sold to co-operative or directly to company

Milk

Cane/beet bought by sugar processors who sell on to chocolate manufacturers

Workers are single farmers and family / non-family members also hired

Sugar cane/beet grown in countries like Brazil, the EU, Egypt

Sugar


Sample supply chain for chocolate stage 2 3 production and distribution

Sample supply chain for chocolate – Stage 2&3 Production and distribution

Factory making chocolate uses machines bought from other companies

Manufacturing company can hire another company to transport raw material

All raw materials transported to manufacturing base

Chocolate bars transported to warehouses – company can hire another company to transport

Factory workers can be employed through a recruitment agency

Chocolate bars sold to shops and supermarkets


How is slavery linked to what i buy

How is slavery linked to what I buy?

  • As chocolate example shows, there is a lot of people involved in making a final product.

  • At any stage, forced labour can take place – from raw material production to distribution in the UK.

  • E.g, children can be used in forced labour conditions to harvest cocoa and people working in UK factories may have been trafficked.


Who is responsible for eradicating slavery in the supply chain

Who is responsible for eradicating slavery in the supply chain?

Consumer action

Government implementation of legislation

Company responsibility

Workers and trade unions


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