Respiratory disorders
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Respiratory Disorders. The following disorders all prevent adequate ventilation of the lungs and lead to insufficient supply of oxygen and the retention of carbon dioxide in the body. When airflow restriction is severe the term chronic airflow obstruction is used. Types.

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Respiratory Disorders

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Respiratory disorders

Respiratory Disorders

The following disorders all prevent adequate ventilation of the lungs and lead to insufficient supply of oxygen and the retention of carbon dioxide in the body. When airflow restriction is severe the term chronic airflow obstruction is used.


Types

Types

These are the most common types you will see of any Respiratory Disorders

  • Asthma

  • Hay Fever

  • Cystic Fibrosis

  • Bronchitis


Definition symptoms

Definition & Symptoms

  • Asthma- common term used for the condition of bronchial asthma. It is a disease of the bronchi characterized by swelling of the mucous membrane lining the bronchial tubes, excessive secretion of mucus, and spasms of the bronchial tubes.

  • Asthma - breathlessness, coughing, wheezing and a feeling of constriction.


Asthma

Asthma


Treatment

Treatment

  • Asthma- determine cause, medication can help prevent asthma and some reverse the effects of broncho spasms. Aerosol treatments are highly preferred. Should not use inhaler more than 3 times in an hour because it can be harmful.


Treatment devices

Treatment Devices


Types of inhalers

Types of inhalers

  • Nebuliser- Air vapor to relax lungs

  • Dry powered inhaler-inhale not aersol.

  • Spacer device- easier to use.

  • Reliever asthma inhaler- used during emergencies.

  • Preventer asthma inhaler-normal use 2 times in morning and twice at night. Keeps asthma in check.


Treatment devices1

Treatment Devices


Definition symptoms1

Definition & Symptoms

  • Hay Fever- allergic disease caused by a sensitivity to specific substances in the air most commonly pollen and the spores of mold.

  • Hay Fever - sneezing, watery eyes, and a runny nose sometimes accompanied with a burning sensation in the throat and roof of the mouth. Normal sleeping and eating routines may change. Inflammation of the ears, sinuses, throat, and bronchi.


Symptoms

Symptoms


Treatment1

Treatment

  • Hay Fever- No cure, symptoms may be relieved, avoiding the allergen is the most effective measure. Desensitizing injections given in a series are helpful preventives.


Definitions

Definitions

  • Cystic Fibrosis- also known as mucoviscidosis; this is an inherited trait where both parents must have carried the trait. It’s an abnormality or inadequacy of some hormone or enzyme that affects the excretion of mucus, saliva, and perspiration. Characterized by excretion of excessively thick mucus and abnormal amounts of sweat and saliva.


Symptoms treatments

Symptoms & Treatments

  • Cystic Fibrosis– excessively thick mucus and abnormal amounts of sweat and saliva, thick mucus interferes with breathing. Hard to gain weight. Dehydration and Death.

  • Cystic Fibrosis- Removal of the thick mucus from the lungs and manipulation of the diet. Clapping on and vibration of the chest while the patient is in the drainage position.


Treatments

Treatments


Definition symptoms treatments

Definition, Symptoms, Treatments

  • Bronchitis- inflammation of the bronchi of the lungs. Can be acute or chronic, and acute bronchitis can develop into chronic bronchitis.

  • Bronchitis – shortness of breath, coughs, frequently expels phlegm.

  • Bronchitis- Medication can help loosen phlegm in the bronchi which is the most common treatment.


Symptoms1

Symptoms


Teaching children with r espiratory disorders in physical education

Teaching Children with Respiratory Disorders in Physical Education

  • Children who have Respiratory Disorders can become fearful of doing any strenuous physical activities from past attacks or breathing problems.

  • Children may try to use this as an excuse to not exercise.

  • These students need to be apart of the classroom and physical activity like the other students but some adaptations may be necessary.


References

References

  • Dunn, J. M., & Leitschuh, A. C. (2006). Special physical education. Dubuque, IA: Kendall Hunt.

  • Durstine, J. L. (2009). ACSM’s exercise management for persons with chronic diseases and disabilities. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.


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