PROMOTE MORAL DEVELOPMENT. Some reformers felt that the answer to societies problems was personal behavior. By the early 1800s… There was a lot of liquor around here A barrel of hard cider sat by the door of thousands of farmhouses, available to everyone in the family.
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By the early 1800s… There was a lot of liquor around here
A barrel of hard cider sat by the door of thousands of farmhouses, available to everyone in the family.
.. Until well into the 19th century, most people, including doctors, considered alcohol nutritious and healthful...hard liquor was cheap and readily available, unlike milk, coffee and tea…Particularly in the 19th century, the consumption of liquor was a regular daily activity for most Americans, including children. Adults drank at home, at work and at play, usually every day and often all day
~ Campbell, Robert A.
Demon Rum or Easy Money
In many cities, the tolling of a bell at 11 a.m. and again at 4 p.m. marked “grog time,” when workers were granted an alcohol-soaked break.
Until 1900, saloons were open 24 hours a day, 7 days a week
Temperance Crusadedef: the movement against the sale of alcohol. ** supported Prohibitiondef: law to prohibit the making and the sale of alcohol.Many in the movement wanted an outright ban on all alcoholic drinks, including beer, wine, and hard liquor. They saw alcohol as a source of social problems including violence, crime, and poverty
Anti-Saloon League Campaign, Dayton
SIGNED PLEDGES TO STOP
At First - Pledged to stop drinking hard or distilled spirits, such as whiskey and gin only (toxic to body and soul)
*Some wine and beer had healthy benefits (not counted) nor was the wine in the Communion
Later, it became more popular to give up alcohol totally or to become a "teetotaler."
- was signed in a public meeting and witnessed by all the people present.
This was an important to the movement
WHY? Making a public declaration reinforced its importance and made it more difficult to reverse. Those who witnessed your actions were often available later to give you strength in keeping your word.
Display as a reminder…
Focus on domestic: conditions within marriage, including desertion, domestic violence, adoption, neglect
and abuse of children, and divorce
Women’s Christian Temperance Union (WCTU)
W vs. W
Father – Plantation Owner
.Spent much time with the Bible
In 1867 married a young physician, Charles Gloyd
- Heavy drinker
- Had a child (sick)
Carry attributed to her husband's drinking
Left him (drinking and inability to earn a steady living)
- he died six months later.
To survive, Carry turned to teaching and keeping rooms
In 1877, Carry married David Nation, a preacher, attorney and editor …moved to Kansas
- saw to the needs of poor people, became a jail evangelist and helped to establish a local chapter of the WCTU.
Kansas residents had voted for prohibition,
BUT saloonkeepers ignored law
Carry began by praying …then rocks and bricks… turned to the hatchet
Her behavior provoked a tremendous uproar
- sent her to jail repeatedly for disorderly conduct and disturbing the peace.
She also had eloquently speaking her mind and inspiring others
As time progressed…It was no longer enough to warn individuals of the danger of alcoholism. Drink was increasingly seen as a problem of the whole society, not just a personal danger.
- Anti Saloon League allied with the Woman's Christian Temperance Union
Began in 1848 first women’s rights convention was held in Seneca Falls, New York.
For the next 50 years, woman suffrage supporters worked to educate the public about the validity of woman suffrage
Two ladies above were the best known leaders of women's suffrage (voting rights)
Later that year, Lucy Stone,
Julia Ward Howe, and others formed the American Woman Suffrage Association (AWSA).
Progressives generally shared in common the view that government at every level must be actively involved in these reforms.
Eugenics would enable parents to focus their resources on fewer, better children
Fitter families & better babies
BUCK v. BELL
*Judged to be “feeble-minded”
promiscuous (slept around)
All told, some 60,000 Americans were sterilized by the decrees of state governments
Local, State, and Federal Government Reforms