River dynasties in china
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River Dynasties in China. Geography. East – Yellow Sea, Pacific Mountain Ranges, Deserts River Systems Huang He (Yellow) Chang Jiang (Yangtze). Environmental Challenges. Floods Isolated Limited natural boundaries. Civilization. Peking Man – 500,000 years old First Dynasties

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Geography
Geography

  • East – Yellow Sea, Pacific

  • Mountain Ranges, Deserts

  • River Systems

    • Huang He (Yellow)

    • Chang Jiang (Yangtze)


Environmental challenges
Environmental Challenges

  • Floods

  • Isolated

  • Limited natural boundaries


Civilization
Civilization

  • Peking Man – 500,000 years old

  • First Dynasties

    • Xia – 2000 BC

    • Shang – 1700-1027

      • 6 diff capitals

      • Walls

      • Chariots


Culture develops
Culture Develops

  • Emphasis on groups

  • Family

    • Center of Focus

    • Respect Parents

    • Eldest Male = decisions

    • Women = inferior

    • Arranged marriages (13 and up)


Social classes
Social Classes

  • Nobles

    • Warrior-nobles, kings

  • Peasants


Religion
Religion

  • Spirits  Ancestors

  • No mighty gods

  • Oracle Bones  animal bones  Communication with gods


Writing
Writing

  • Each Character = 1 syllable

  • No links b/w spoken and written

  • All of China --> Same written language

  • Many characters to memorize

    • Limited Education


Technology and trade
Technology and Trade

  • Roads, canals

  • Coined $

  • Furnaces - Cast iron - weapons and farming equipment


Zhou dynasty 1027 256 bc
Zhou Dynasty (1027-256 BC)

  • Overthrew Shang

  • Adopted much of Shang

  • Mandate of Heaven

    • Divine Approved - Approval from gods

    • Central to Chinese Gov’t


Dynastic cycle
Dynastic Cycle

  • New Dynasty has Mandate - Restores Peace

  • Gets stronger - Maintains peace

  • Declines - Corrupt, taxes, lose power

  • Disasters - Floods, revolts, invasions

  • Lose Mandate - Rebellion

  • Overthrown - New Dynasty emerges



Feudalism
Feudalism

  • Nobles, lords, allowed to use land that belongs to king

  • Owe loyalty and military to king

  • Gained more power


Warring states period
Warring States Period

  • Zhou Weakened


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