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Normal X-Ray Anatomy






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Normal X-Ray Anatomy. Axial and Appendicular Skeleton William Ursprung, DC. Lesson Objectives. Identify anatomical structures on plain film radiographs Identify the views commonly used to radiograph the skeletal system
Normal X-Ray Anatomy

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Slide 1

Normal X-Ray Anatomy

Axial and Appendicular

Skeleton

William Ursprung, DC

Slide 2

Lesson Objectives

  • Identify anatomical structures on plain film radiographs

  • Identify the views commonly used to radiograph the skeletal system

  • Utilize a basic search pattern to screen plain film radiographs for pathology

Slide 3

Basic Rules for Interpretation

  • Plain films are a 2 dimensional gray scale image of a 3 dimensional anatomical structure

  • Four basic densities

    • Metal = very bright (white)

    • Bone = bright (white)

    • Water/soft tissue = (various shades of gray)

    • Air = dark (black)

Slide 4

Basic Rules for Interpretation

  • Rule of thumb for radiographs: min. of 2 views that are offset by 90° for any body part

  • ABOLTS search pattern

    • A = anatomy

    • B = breaks or step defects in the cortex

    • O = opacities (ie blastic lesion, impacted fx)

    • L = lucencies (ie lytic lesion, displaced fx)

    • T= trabecular architecture

    • S = soft tissues (swelling, mass, fascial planes)

Slide 5

Cervical Spine

Slide 6

Anterior Posterior Open Mouth

Slide 7

Anterior Posterior Lower Cervical

Slide 8

Lateral Cervical

Slide 9

Cervical Oblique

Slide 10

Thoracic Spine

Slide 11

Posterior Anterior Chest

Slide 12

Anterior Posterior Thoracic Spine

Slide 13

Lateral Thoracic Spine

Slide 14

Lumbar Spine

Slide 15

AP Lumbar

Slide 16

Lateral Lumbar

Slide 17

Pelvis and Hips

Slide 18

AP Pelvis

Slide 19

AP Pelvis

Slide 20

Shoulder

Slide 21

Normal Shoulder

Slide 22

Normal Shoulder

Slide 23

Elbow and Forearm

Slide 24

Normal Elbow

Slide 25

Normal Elbow

Slide 26

Forearm

Slide 27

Wrist and Hand

Slide 28

Normal Wrist

Slide 29

Normal Wrist

Slide 30

Normal Hand

Slide 31

Normal Hand

Slide 32

Knee

Slide 33

Normal Knee

Slide 34

Ankle and Foot

Slide 35

Normal Ankle

Slide 36

Normal Ankle

Slide 37

Normal Ankle

Slide 38

Boehler’s Angle

Slide 39

Normal Foot

Slide 40

Normal Foot


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