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Normal X-Ray Anatomy


Normal X-Ray Anatomy. Axial and Appendicular Skeleton William Ursprung, DC. Lesson Objectives. Identify anatomical structures on plain film radiographs Identify the views commonly used to radiograph the skeletal system

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Normal X-Ray Anatomy

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Normal x ray anatomy

Normal X-Ray Anatomy

Axial and Appendicular

Skeleton

William Ursprung, DC


Lesson objectives

Lesson Objectives

  • Identify anatomical structures on plain film radiographs

  • Identify the views commonly used to radiograph the skeletal system

  • Utilize a basic search pattern to screen plain film radiographs for pathology


Basic rules for interpretation

Basic Rules for Interpretation

  • Plain films are a 2 dimensional gray scale image of a 3 dimensional anatomical structure

  • Four basic densities

    • Metal = very bright (white)

    • Bone = bright (white)

    • Water/soft tissue = (various shades of gray)

    • Air = dark (black)


Basic rules for interpretation1

Basic Rules for Interpretation

  • Rule of thumb for radiographs: min. of 2 views that are offset by 90° for any body part

  • ABOLTS search pattern

    • A = anatomy

    • B = breaks or step defects in the cortex

    • O = opacities (ie blastic lesion, impacted fx)

    • L = lucencies (ie lytic lesion, displaced fx)

    • T= trabecular architecture

    • S = soft tissues (swelling, mass, fascial planes)


Cervical spine

Cervical Spine


Anterior posterior open mouth

Anterior Posterior Open Mouth


Anterior posterior lower cervical

Anterior Posterior Lower Cervical


Lateral cervical

Lateral Cervical


Cervical oblique

Cervical Oblique


Thoracic spine

Thoracic Spine


Posterior anterior chest

Posterior Anterior Chest


Anterior posterior thoracic spine

Anterior Posterior Thoracic Spine


Lateral thoracic spine

Lateral Thoracic Spine


Lumbar spine

Lumbar Spine


Ap lumbar

AP Lumbar


Lateral lumbar

Lateral Lumbar


Pelvis and hips

Pelvis and Hips


Ap pelvis

AP Pelvis


Ap pelvis1

AP Pelvis


Shoulder

Shoulder


Normal shoulder

Normal Shoulder


Normal shoulder1

Normal Shoulder


Elbow and forearm

Elbow and Forearm


Normal elbow

Normal Elbow


Normal elbow1

Normal Elbow


Forearm

Forearm


Wrist and hand

Wrist and Hand


Normal wrist

Normal Wrist


Normal wrist1

Normal Wrist


Normal hand

Normal Hand


Normal hand1

Normal Hand


Normal x ray anatomy

Knee


Normal knee

Normal Knee


Ankle and foot

Ankle and Foot


Normal ankle

Normal Ankle


Normal ankle1

Normal Ankle


Normal ankle2

Normal Ankle


Boehler s angle

Boehler’s Angle


Normal foot

Normal Foot


Normal foot1

Normal Foot