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Normal X-Ray Anatomy






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Normal X-Ray Anatomy. Axial and Appendicular Skeleton William Ursprung, DC. Lesson Objectives. Identify anatomical structures on plain film radiographs Identify the views commonly used to radiograph the skeletal system
Normal X-Ray Anatomy

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Normal x ray anatomySlide 1

Normal X-Ray Anatomy

Axial and Appendicular

Skeleton

William Ursprung, DC

Lesson objectivesSlide 2

Lesson Objectives

  • Identify anatomical structures on plain film radiographs

  • Identify the views commonly used to radiograph the skeletal system

  • Utilize a basic search pattern to screen plain film radiographs for pathology

Basic rules for interpretationSlide 3

Basic Rules for Interpretation

  • Plain films are a 2 dimensional gray scale image of a 3 dimensional anatomical structure

  • Four basic densities

    • Metal = very bright (white)

    • Bone = bright (white)

    • Water/soft tissue = (various shades of gray)

    • Air = dark (black)

Basic rules for interpretation1Slide 4

Basic Rules for Interpretation

  • Rule of thumb for radiographs: min. of 2 views that are offset by 90° for any body part

  • ABOLTS search pattern

    • A = anatomy

    • B = breaks or step defects in the cortex

    • O = opacities (ie blastic lesion, impacted fx)

    • L = lucencies (ie lytic lesion, displaced fx)

    • T= trabecular architecture

    • S = soft tissues (swelling, mass, fascial planes)

Cervical spineSlide 5

Cervical Spine

Anterior posterior open mouthSlide 6

Anterior Posterior Open Mouth

Anterior posterior lower cervicalSlide 7

Anterior Posterior Lower Cervical

Lateral cervicalSlide 8

Lateral Cervical

Cervical obliqueSlide 9

Cervical Oblique

Thoracic spineSlide 10

Thoracic Spine

Posterior anterior chestSlide 11

Posterior Anterior Chest

Anterior posterior thoracic spineSlide 12

Anterior Posterior Thoracic Spine

Lateral thoracic spineSlide 13

Lateral Thoracic Spine

Lumbar spineSlide 14

Lumbar Spine

Ap lumbarSlide 15

AP Lumbar

Lateral lumbarSlide 16

Lateral Lumbar

Pelvis and hipsSlide 17

Pelvis and Hips

Ap pelvisSlide 18

AP Pelvis

Ap pelvis1Slide 19

AP Pelvis

ShoulderSlide 20

Shoulder

Normal shoulderSlide 21

Normal Shoulder

Normal shoulder1Slide 22

Normal Shoulder

Elbow and forearmSlide 23

Elbow and Forearm

Normal elbowSlide 24

Normal Elbow

Normal elbow1Slide 25

Normal Elbow

ForearmSlide 26

Forearm

Wrist and handSlide 27

Wrist and Hand

Normal wristSlide 28

Normal Wrist

Normal wrist1Slide 29

Normal Wrist

Normal handSlide 30

Normal Hand

Normal hand1Slide 31

Normal Hand

Normal x ray anatomySlide 32

Knee

Normal kneeSlide 33

Normal Knee

Ankle and footSlide 34

Ankle and Foot

Normal ankleSlide 35

Normal Ankle

Normal ankle1Slide 36

Normal Ankle

Normal ankle2Slide 37

Normal Ankle

Boehler s angleSlide 38

Boehler’s Angle

Normal footSlide 39

Normal Foot

Normal foot1Slide 40

Normal Foot


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