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The Animal Kingdom. By: Brianna Shields November 29, 2004. DO NOW. 1. What do you call an organism that must obtain their food from the environment (they can’t produce their own food)? 2. What type of symbiotic relationship benefits one organism but harms the other?

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The Animal Kingdom

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The animal kingdom l.jpg

The Animal Kingdom

By:

Brianna Shields

November 29, 2004


Do now l.jpg

DO NOW

  • 1. What do you call an organism that must obtain their food from the environment (they can’t produce their own food)?

  • 2. What type of symbiotic relationship benefits one organism but harms the other?

  • 3. What do you call an organism that breaks down dead material?


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GOAL

  • To be able to distinguish the organisms of the five kingdoms through knowledge of their characteristics


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Taxonomy

System that names living things and classifies them into groups with similar characteristics


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Levels of Classification

KINGDOM

PHYLUM

CLASS

ORDER

FAMILY

GENUS

SPECIES


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Levels of Classification

KINGDOM

  • As you go down:

  • Number of members per group decreases

  • Similarities between members increases

PHYLUM

CLASS

ORDER

FAMILY

GENUS

Species= smallest level (only one kind of organism)

SPECIES


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Levels of Classification

KINGDOM

PHYLUM

  • Members of a group have traits that are the same as:

    • Members of its own group

    • Members of the broader groups above it

CLASS

ORDER

FAMILY

GENUS

SPECIES


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Human Classification

KINGDOM- Animalia (animals)

PHYLUM- Chordata (backbones)

CLASS- Mammalia (mammals)

ORDER- Primate (monkey-like)

FAMILY- Hominidae

GENUS- Homo

SPECIES- sapiens

Classification Example


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Five Kingdoms


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Common characteristics

1. Respiration- food + oxygen = energy (only in animal cells)

Animal Kingdom


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Common characteristics

2. Consumers/Heterotrophs- cannot make their own food

3. Multicellular (large)

4. Two major groups:

Vertebrates- backbone & skeleton

Invertebrates- no backbone or internal skeleton

Animal Kingdom


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Vertebrates


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1. Sponges

Body has pores

Spiny spicules

Attached to one spot (sessile- don’t move)

Ocean dwelling

Special Groups of the Animal Kingdom: Invertebrates


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2. Cnidarians

Hollow inside

One opening= mouth

Stinging nematocysts

Tentacles

Ex: hydra, coral, jellyfish

Special Groups of the Animal Kingdom: Invertebrates


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3. Nematodes

Regeneration ability

Parasitic

Long, symmetrical

Flatworms- ex: planaria

Roundworms- ex: trichinella

Segmented worms- ex: earthworms

Special Groups of the Animal Kingdom: Invertebrates


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4. Mollusks

Soft bodied

Inner or outer shells

Thick foot to open their shell

Filter feeders

1-shelled- snails, slugs

2-shelled- clams, oysters, scallops

Special Groups of the Animal Kingdom: Invertebrates


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5. Arthropods

Exoskeleton

Segmented bodies

Jointed appendages

Molting ability

Ex: lobsters, centipedes, spiders, insects

Special Groups of the Animal Kingdom: Invertebrates


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6. Echinoderms

Spiny skin

5 part body

Tube feet

Water-tube system

Ex: starfish, sea urchin, sanddollar

Special Groups of the Animal Kingdom: Invertebrates


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1. Fish

Live in water

Scales, fins, gills

Lay eggs

Special Groups of the Animal Kingdom: Vertebrates


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2. Amphibians

Young -gills

Adults -lungs

No scales

Slimy/wet skin with glands

Ex: salamanders, frogs

Special Groups of the Animal Kingdom: Vertebrates


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3. Reptiles

Lungs (live on land)

Dry, tough, scaly skin

Lay eggs

Cold blooded

Special Groups of the Animal Kingdom: Vertebrates


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4. Birds

Warmblooded

Egg laying

Feathers/wings

Migrate (many fly)

Special Groups of the Animal Kingdom: Vertebrates


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5. Mammals

Warmblooded

Have fur/hair

Feed milk to young

Special Groups of the Animal Kingdom: Vertebrates


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5. Mammals

Pouched (develop in a pouch)

Placental (develop inside mother)

Special Groups of the Animal Kingdom: Vertebrates


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5. Mammals

Egg Layers- Platypus

Special Groups of the Animal Kingdom: Vertebrates


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Assessment: What group of the animal kingdom does this animal belong to? Explain how you can tell

Worm


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Assessment: What group of the animal kingdom does this animal belong to? Explain how you can tell

Sponge


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Assessment: What group of the animal kingdom does this animal belong to? Explain how you can tell

Reptile


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Assessment: What group of the animal kingdom does this animal belong to? Explain how you can tell

Mollusk


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Assessment: What group of the animal kingdom does this animal belong to? Explain how you can tell

Arthropod


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Assessment: What group of the animal kingdom does this animal belong to? Explain how you can tell

Mammal


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Assessment: What group of the animal kingdom does this animal belong to? Explain how you can tell

Bird


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Assessment: What group of the animal kingdom does this animal belong to? Explain how you can tell

Fish


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Assessment: What group of the animal kingdom does this animal belong to? Explain how you can tell

Echinoderm


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Assessment: What group of the animal kingdom does this animal belong to? Explain how you can tell

Cnidarian


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Assessment: What group of the animal kingdom does this animal belong to? Explain how you can tell

Amphibian


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Homework

  • Write the following assignment into your agenda:

    • Animal Kingdom Worksheets


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