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The Animal Kingdom. By: Brianna Shields November 29, 2004. DO NOW. 1. What do you call an organism that must obtain their food from the environment (they can’t produce their own food)? 2. What type of symbiotic relationship benefits one organism but harms the other?

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the animal kingdom

The Animal Kingdom

By:

Brianna Shields

November 29, 2004

do now
DO NOW
  • 1. What do you call an organism that must obtain their food from the environment (they can’t produce their own food)?
  • 2. What type of symbiotic relationship benefits one organism but harms the other?
  • 3. What do you call an organism that breaks down dead material?
slide3
GOAL
  • To be able to distinguish the organisms of the five kingdoms through knowledge of their characteristics
slide4
Taxonomy

System that names living things and classifies them into groups with similar characteristics

levels of classification
Levels of Classification

KINGDOM

PHYLUM

CLASS

ORDER

FAMILY

GENUS

SPECIES

levels of classification7
Levels of Classification

KINGDOM

  • As you go down:
  • Number of members per group decreases
  • Similarities between members increases

PHYLUM

CLASS

ORDER

FAMILY

GENUS

Species= smallest level (only one kind of organism)

SPECIES

levels of classification8
Levels of Classification

KINGDOM

PHYLUM

  • Members of a group have traits that are the same as:
    • Members of its own group
    • Members of the broader groups above it

CLASS

ORDER

FAMILY

GENUS

SPECIES

classification example
Human Classification

KINGDOM- Animalia (animals)

PHYLUM- Chordata (backbones)

CLASS- Mammalia (mammals)

ORDER- Primate (monkey-like)

FAMILY- Hominidae

GENUS- Homo

SPECIES- sapiens

Classification Example
animal kingdom
Common characteristics

1. Respiration- food + oxygen = energy (only in animal cells)

Animal Kingdom
animal kingdom13
Common characteristics

2. Consumers/Heterotrophs- cannot make their own food

3. Multicellular (large)

4. Two major groups:

Vertebrates- backbone & skeleton

Invertebrates- no backbone or internal skeleton

Animal Kingdom
special groups of the animal kingdom invertebrates
1. Sponges

Body has pores

Spiny spicules

Attached to one spot (sessile- don’t move)

Ocean dwelling

Special Groups of the Animal Kingdom: Invertebrates
special groups of the animal kingdom invertebrates18
2. Cnidarians

Hollow inside

One opening= mouth

Stinging nematocysts

Tentacles

Ex: hydra, coral, jellyfish

Special Groups of the Animal Kingdom: Invertebrates
special groups of the animal kingdom invertebrates19
3. Nematodes

Regeneration ability

Parasitic

Long, symmetrical

Flatworms- ex: planaria

Roundworms- ex: trichinella

Segmented worms- ex: earthworms

Special Groups of the Animal Kingdom: Invertebrates
special groups of the animal kingdom invertebrates20
4. Mollusks

Soft bodied

Inner or outer shells

Thick foot to open their shell

Filter feeders

1-shelled- snails, slugs

2-shelled- clams, oysters, scallops

Special Groups of the Animal Kingdom: Invertebrates
special groups of the animal kingdom invertebrates21
5. Arthropods

Exoskeleton

Segmented bodies

Jointed appendages

Molting ability

Ex: lobsters, centipedes, spiders, insects

Special Groups of the Animal Kingdom: Invertebrates
special groups of the animal kingdom invertebrates22
6. Echinoderms

Spiny skin

5 part body

Tube feet

Water-tube system

Ex: starfish, sea urchin, sanddollar

Special Groups of the Animal Kingdom: Invertebrates
special groups of the animal kingdom vertebrates
1. Fish

Live in water

Scales, fins, gills

Lay eggs

Special Groups of the Animal Kingdom: Vertebrates
special groups of the animal kingdom vertebrates24
2. Amphibians

Young -gills

Adults -lungs

No scales

Slimy/wet skin with glands

Ex: salamanders, frogs

Special Groups of the Animal Kingdom: Vertebrates
special groups of the animal kingdom vertebrates25
3. Reptiles

Lungs (live on land)

Dry, tough, scaly skin

Lay eggs

Cold blooded

Special Groups of the Animal Kingdom: Vertebrates
special groups of the animal kingdom vertebrates26
4. Birds

Warmblooded

Egg laying

Feathers/wings

Migrate (many fly)

Special Groups of the Animal Kingdom: Vertebrates
special groups of the animal kingdom vertebrates27
5. Mammals

Warmblooded

Have fur/hair

Feed milk to young

Special Groups of the Animal Kingdom: Vertebrates
special groups of the animal kingdom vertebrates28
5. Mammals

Pouched (develop in a pouch)

Placental (develop inside mother)

Special Groups of the Animal Kingdom: Vertebrates
assessment what group of the animal kingdom does this animal belong to explain how you can tell
Assessment: What group of the animal kingdom does this animal belong to? Explain how you can tell

Worm

assessment what group of the animal kingdom does this animal belong to explain how you can tell32
Assessment: What group of the animal kingdom does this animal belong to? Explain how you can tell

Sponge

assessment what group of the animal kingdom does this animal belong to explain how you can tell33
Assessment: What group of the animal kingdom does this animal belong to? Explain how you can tell

Reptile

assessment what group of the animal kingdom does this animal belong to explain how you can tell34
Assessment: What group of the animal kingdom does this animal belong to? Explain how you can tell

Mollusk

assessment what group of the animal kingdom does this animal belong to explain how you can tell35
Assessment: What group of the animal kingdom does this animal belong to? Explain how you can tell

Arthropod

assessment what group of the animal kingdom does this animal belong to explain how you can tell36
Assessment: What group of the animal kingdom does this animal belong to? Explain how you can tell

Mammal

assessment what group of the animal kingdom does this animal belong to explain how you can tell37
Assessment: What group of the animal kingdom does this animal belong to? Explain how you can tell

Bird

assessment what group of the animal kingdom does this animal belong to explain how you can tell38
Assessment: What group of the animal kingdom does this animal belong to? Explain how you can tell

Fish

assessment what group of the animal kingdom does this animal belong to explain how you can tell39
Assessment: What group of the animal kingdom does this animal belong to? Explain how you can tell

Echinoderm

assessment what group of the animal kingdom does this animal belong to explain how you can tell40
Assessment: What group of the animal kingdom does this animal belong to? Explain how you can tell

Cnidarian

assessment what group of the animal kingdom does this animal belong to explain how you can tell41
Assessment: What group of the animal kingdom does this animal belong to? Explain how you can tell

Amphibian

homework
Homework
  • Write the following assignment into your agenda:
    • Animal Kingdom Worksheets
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