Privacy and the Library. April Martin, Jonathan Koroshec, Deb Hamilton, Heidi Kittleson and Lyndsey Runyan. Overview. Moore, “Privacy: Its Meaning and Value” What is Privacy? Laws and Programs Concerning Privacy Historic Privacy Cases Ethics of Privacy in Libraries Privacy Exercises
April Martin, Jonathan Koroshec, Deb Hamilton, Heidi Kittleson and Lyndsey Runyan.
“The state or condition of being withdrawn from the society of others or from public interest; seclusion.”
“The right to be left alone.”
“The right to open inquiry without having the subject of one’s interest examined or scrutinized by others.”
“Confidentiality exists when a library is in possession of personally identifiable information about users and keeps that information private on their behalf.”
“One cannot exercise the right to read if the possible consequences include damage to one’s reputation, ostracism from the community or workplace or criminal penalties.” -Office for Intellectual Freedom of the ALA.
FERPA- Family Education Rights and Privacy Act
ECPA- Electronic Communications Privacy Act
COPPA- Children’s Online Privacy Protection Act
NCIPA- Neighborhood Children’s Internet Protection Act.
State Laws and Statutes
Meyer v. Nebraska (1923)
Pierce v. Society of Sisters (1925)
Olmstead v. United States (1928)
Skinner v. Oklahoma (1942)
Tileston v. Ullman (1943)
Poe v. Ullman (1961)
Griswold v. Connecticut (1965)
Loving v. Virginia (1967)
Katz v. U.S. (1967)
Eisenstadt v. Baird (1972)
Roe v. Wade (1972)
“The American Library Association affirms that rights of privacy are necessary for intellectual freedom and are fundamental to the ethics and practice of librarianship.”
Intellectual Freedom Principles for
“A strong intellectual freedom perspective is critical to the development of academic library collections and services that dispassionately meet the education and research needs of a college or university community.”
Access to Digital Information,
Services, and Networks
“Information retrieved, utilized, or created digitally is constitutionally protected unless determined otherwise by a court of competent jurisdiction.”
For these exercises we need people to clump together into groups of about 5.
What would you do in this scenario?
If something needs to be done, how would you go about it?
What rights are present or lacking?
Please take five minutes and then share your thoughts.
You are visiting the Fremont Public Library. You have your children with you and are heading towards the children’s section as you pass behind an older gentleman, who is on the public computers, viewing graphic images of naked women.
Oh La La
You are visiting your local public library. Walking by a teenager, who is on her personal computer, you notice she is looking at a website describing how to make dry ice bombs.