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Transport. Railways Incident Procedures. Aim. To give students information about the emergency procedures to be adopted at incidents involving railways. Learning Outcomes. At the end of the session students will be able to:. State the emergency procedures to be adopted

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transport

Transport

Railways

Incident Procedures

slide2
Aim

To give students information about the emergency procedures to be adopted at incidents involving railways.

learning outcomes
Learning Outcomes

At the end of the session students will be able to:

  • State the emergency procedures to be adopted
  • List the priorities at railway incidents
  • List the safety procedures to be adopted at railway incidents
  • State the procedures where fire is involved.
railtrack attendance
Railtrack attendance
  • Minor fires on trains Crew only (No Railtrack personnel)
  • Large fires on trains Railtrack official & representative of train operators
  • Major collisions and derailments Railtrack officer in charge, identified by a tabard marked “Railtrack Incident Officer”.
locating incidents
Locating incidents

Information may be imprecise especially if the initial call comes from a member of the public

Train crews will use identified railway facilities such as individual numbers on;

  • Bridges
  • Tunnels
  • Most signal gantries
  • Overhead electrical equipment.
locating incidents6
Mile marker posts are located alongside all lines numbered consecutively from major cities

There may also be quarter and half mile markers.

Locating incidents
priorities at incidents
Priorities at incidents

There are three types basic of incidents on railway property that fire service personnel attend;

  • Non hazardous
  • Hazardous with all safety procedures
  • Hazardous without all safety procedures.
duties of incident commander
Duties of Incident Commander

On arrival, the Incident Commander should;

  • Assess the situation
  • Identify the location
  • Request railway authority assistance
  • Inform Brigade Control of action
  • Exercise rigid control
  • Ensure high visibility jackets are worn.
safe systems of work
Safe systems of work

Five principal sytems;

  • Notify Railtrack - prior to entering the track area
  • Slowing trains
  • Stopping trains
  • Switching off the electrical supply
  • Action to be taken in the event of serious and immediate risk.
communications
Communications

Trackside telephones only give access to the nearest signal box or electrical control room

All communications must be with Railway Operations Control

Only proper channel of communications is to contact Brigade Control via an appliance radio.

serious and immediate risk
Serious and immediate risk

Where an immediate rescue attempt must be made certain minimum safety measures must be in place

  • Assessment - possible risks
  • Minimum personnel in risk area
  • Isolation of area - immediate attempts to stop trains and isolate current.
safe working distances
Safe working distances

Safe working will, as a general rule, only be possible at least 3 metres from the nearest line still in operation, other factors include;

  • Weather
  • Hazards
  • Refuges
  • Type of incident
  • Local topography
  • Dangerous substances
  • Unintentional approach.
places of safety
On high speed lines, blue and white chequered boards indicate no place of safety on that side Places of safety
  • Red and white chequered boards indicate a clearance of less than 1.5 metres between a structure and the nearest rail.
viaducts bridges and tunnels
Viaducts, bridges and tunnels
  • Firefighters should not normally enter these areas unless trains have been stopped and refuges are available
  • Refuges normally take four people
  • If breathing apparatus is being worn then refuges may not accommodate as many as four people.
stopping trains and isolating the current
Stopping trains and isolating the current
  • Assume trains are running and current is on until confirmation is received from Brigade Control
  • Even when the traction current is isolated electric trains can coast for a considerable distance at speed
  • Diesel powered trains may still be running even though the traction current is isolated.
serious and immediate risk16
Serious and immediate risk

If there is an obstruction or incapacitated person on the line it may be necessary to stop a train using hand signals

  • Move along the line - to give as much stopping distance as possible
  • Stand in a position of safety - facing the train
serious and immediate risk17
Serious and immediate risk

Signal the driver by;

  • Daylight
  • Raise both arms above head
  • Night time
  • Wave a torch or lamp from side to side.
fires in trains
Fires in trains

Firefighters should check;

  • Diesel locomotives - engines have stopped and battery isolator is open
  • Diesel multiple units - engines have stopped and heaters are off
  • Electric locomotives and multiple units - battery isolator is open and pantograph is lowered
  • Passenger carriages - 1Kv electric heating is off.
health and safety
Health and safety
  • Full firefighting kit must be worn (plus hi-viz jackets)
  • Safe working distances
  • Places of safety
  • Danger of casualties in contact with live circuits
  • Be vigilant when transporting equipment
  • No one to go on or near the track unless Railtrack lookouts have been posted.
confirmation
Confirmation

Assessments will be based on this lesson and the corresponding study note

Learning Outcomes

  • State the emergency procedures to be adopted
  • List the priorities at railway incidents
  • List the safety procedures to be adopted at railway incidents
  • State the procedures where fire is involved.
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