Field work and the research cycle
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Issues in the Australian Environment: Urban Processes. Field Work and The Research Cycle . Field Study Area. Millers Point. Walsh Bay. Barangaroo. Circular Quay. Darling Harbour. How are these areas changing?. The Research Cycle . 1. Identify the aim/purpose of the investigation.

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Field work and the research cycle

Issues in the Australian Environment: Urban Processes

Field Work and The Research Cycle


Field work and the research cycle

Field Study Area

Millers Point

Walsh Bay

Barangaroo

Circular Quay

Darling Harbour

How are these areas changing?


The research cycle

The Research Cycle

1. Identify the aim/purpose of the investigation

9. Where appropriate, take action

2. Generate focus questions to

Guide the investigation

8. Propose individual or group action in response to the findings

3. Which primary and secondary data are needed to answer the focus questions

7. Select methods to effectively communicate the research findings

4. Identify the techniques that will be used to collect the data

6. Process and analyse the data collected

5. collect primary and secondary data


Identifying the aim or purpose

Identifying the Aim or Purpose

Our aim or purpose is to investigate the impact of urban growth and decline on the biophysical and built environments in the field study area.

We already have some secondary data on the field study area

On our field study we will gather primary data at four locations by:

  • observing the biophysical & built environments

  • testing the biophysical & built environment

  • interviewing stakeholders

Location 1 - Darling Harbour - Pyrmont Bridge to King

Location 2 – Millers Point

Location 3 – Walsh Bay

Location 4 – Circular Quay West Street Wharf


Focus questions to guide the investigation

Focus questions to guide the investigation

How is the Harbour foreshore being used?

How has the land use changed and what is the impact on the biophysical and built environment?

What issues have arisen from Urban Growth & Decline?

How are the issues being addressed?


Primary and secondary data are needed to answer the focus question

Primary and secondary data are needed to answer the focus question

How is the Harbour foreshore being used?

Primary data

Secondary data

  • Direct observation

  • Field Sketches

  • Photographs

  • Video

  • Sound levels

  • Temperature

  • Water testing

  • Wind speed

  • Interviews

  • Class notes

  • Internet sites

  • Class Blog

  • ABS data

  • Video clips

  • Newspaper articles

  • Maps

  • Photographs

  • Books


Primary and secondary data are needed to answer the focus question1

Primary and secondary data are needed to answer the focus question

How has the land use changed and what is the impact on the biophysical and built environment?


Identify the techniques that will be used to collect the data

Identify the techniques that will be used to collect the data

How has the land use changed and what is the impact on the biophysical and built environment?

Water testing

  • Phosphates

  • Nitrates

  • Ph

  • Turbidity


Phosphates

Phosphates

Phosphorous is a nutrient but high levels cause a loss of dissolved oxygen

1 ppm excellent; 2 ppm good; 4 ppm fair

Phosphate pollution can enter the water ways because of human sewage, agricultural, pesticide and fertilizer runoff, urban storm water runoff, and industrial waste.wastedischarge


Field work and the research cycle

pH

pH is a measurement of the acidic or basic quality of the waters

Natural water has a pH between 6.5 & 8.2

  • Most aquatic organisms adapt to specific pH levels and may die if there is a shift in these levels and this can be affected by industrial wastes


Turbidity

Turbidity

Turbidity is a measured in NTU or Nephelometric Turbidity Units

5 NTU

50 NTU

500 NTU

Turbidity of drinking water should be below 5 NTU, ideally below 1 NTU

Turbidity is a measure of the degree to which the water looses its clarity or transparency because of suspended solids.


Primary and secondary data are needed to answer the focus question2

Primary and secondary data are needed to answer the focus question

What issues have arisen from Urban Growth & Decline?

Contamination of harbour sea bed?

Traffic congestion ?

Road closures?

Closing down of businesses?

High density housing?

Noise pollution?

Wind tunnelling?

oil and rubbish in the water?

Overshadowing?

Privacy issues for residents?

Unsympathetic infill?

Reduced air quality in the area?

Pollution?

Increased road or water traffic ?

Dilapidated Houses?

Vandalism ?

Dust and construction noise?


Primary and secondary data are needed to answer the focus question3

Primary and secondary data are needed to answer the focus question

How are the issues being addressed?

Planning NSW

NSW Road Transit Authority (RTA)

  • NSW Housing

NSW Maritime

Aust Dept of Customs & Excise

Government

Aust Dept of Immigration & Citizenship

NSW Dept of Environment Climate Change & Water

Sydney City

Council

NSW Transport &

Infrastructure


Primary and secondary data are needed to answer the focus question4

Primary and secondary data are needed to answer the focus question

How are the issues being addressed?

Australian Institute of Architects

Barangaroo Action Group

Lend Lease

Millers Point Residents’ Action Group

Cruise & Charter Boat Operators

Community &

Commercial

Millers Point Festival

Darling Harbour Tenants

Mirvac

Transfield

Tenants & Businesses of

Dawes Point, The Rocks & Circular Quay

Walsh Bay residents

Tourists


More sustainable buildings with building green star ratings

More sustainable buildings with Building Green Star Ratings

How are the issues being addressed?

  • The nine Green Star rating tools are:

  • Management

  • Indoor Environment Quality

  • Energy

  • Transport

  • Water

  • Materials

  • Land Use & Ecology

  • Emissions

  • Innovation

All buildings in the Barangaroo project must achieve 5 Green Star rating or above


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