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FEALAC Inter- regional Workshop on Clean Fuels and Vehicle Technologies. BIOETHANOL & FLEX FUEL IN BRAZIL. PETROBRAS Kuniyuki Terabe Bangkok 28 – 30 June 2006. AGENDA. PETROBRAS ETHANOL PRODUCTION ETHANOL USE IN BRAZIL FLEX FUEL CAR FUTURE OF ETHANOL AS FUEL

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BIOETHANOL & FLEX FUEL IN BRAZIL

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FEALAC Inter- regional Workshop on Clean Fuels and Vehicle Technologies

BIOETHANOL & FLEX FUEL

IN BRAZIL

PETROBRAS

Kuniyuki Terabe

Bangkok 28 – 30 June 2006


AGENDA

  • PETROBRAS

  • ETHANOL PRODUCTION

  • ETHANOL USE IN BRAZIL

  • FLEX FUEL CAR

  • FUTURE OF ETHANOL AS FUEL

  • CONCLUSION


PETROBRAS ATIVITIES


Petrobras in Numbers

  • proven reserves:

    13 billion of boe (SPE)

16 Refineries with a capacity of 2,114 million bpd

  • oil and gas production:* 2,257 million boe/day

  • Pipelines: 30.318 km

6,154 gas stations in Brazil (33% of retail market)

Refine,

Transportation, Trading

E&P

Gross Revenue

US$ 50.6 billion

  • 727 gas stations in Argentina

Petrochemicals

Retailing

ethylene production: 2,4 million ton/year

  • 25% of retail market in Bolívia and 14% in Argentina

Natural Gas

gas sales: 32 million m3/day

*Brazil and abroad


Petrobras in the world

UK

USA – New York

China

Japan

USA - Houston

Iran

Libya

Mexico

Venezuela

Nigeria

Colombia

Singapore

Ecuador

Tanzania

Peru

Angola

Bolivia

BRASIL

Headquarters

Paraguay

Argentina

Uruguay

Chile

Refining

Representative Office

Exploration & Production

Distribution / Service Stations

Trading

Lubricant Sales


ETHANOL PRODUCTION


Agents of Sugar Cane Industry

  • PETROBRAS

  • ETHANOL PRODUCTION

  • EVOLUTION OF ETHANOL USES

  • FLEX FUEL CARS

  • WORLD PRODUCTION

  • INFRA-STRUTURES

  • CONCLUSION

50 thousand sugar cane growers

313 Industrial Plants


INTEGRATED SUGAR & ETHANOL PRODUCTION

Process Heat &

Cogeneration

Sugar

Production

Bagasse

Primary

Juice

Sugarcane

Transport,

Cleaning & Crushing

Juice

Treatment

Secondary +

Filter Juice

Hydrous

Ethanol

Fermentation

Distillation

Anhydrous

Ethanol

Dehydration

Molasses

Source: UNICA


Production of Sugar and Ethanol


Main Production Areas in Brazil

1%

1%

2%

2%

5%

5%

4%

5%

2%

3%

61%

1%

8%

Mid South Region

-

89% Production

North East Region

-

11% Production

Source: Brazilian Government


Energy Matrix in Brazil - 2005

Charcoal

12,8%

Sugar Cane

13.9%

Hydroelectricity

16.0%

Others

2.3%

Oil

38,4%

Biomass

29.0%

Uranium

Coal

Natural Gas

1.2%

6.4%

9.0%

Source: MME/2005


Raw Material Comparison


ETHANOL USE IN BRAZIL


Bioethanol Use in Brazil

EVERYETHING STARTED IN 1925

E >10 in 1970’s

FIRST E100 in 1979

1980’s ENVIRONMENTAL


Bioethanol use in Brazil

  • From 1925 up to 1975:

  • Different Levels of Anhydrous Ethanol direct Blend in Gasoline

  • . After 1975- PROALCOOL

  • Fuel Ethanol blended as Additive and used to E100 cars

  • . In 1980’s : Environmental, leads excluded

  • In 1993 :

  • National law- mandatory use of ethanol as Oxygenate, 20% to 25%

  • In 1997/1998:

  • Deregulation of fuel ethanol - Free Market

  • In 2003:

  • New FFV-Flex Fuel Vehicles , Huge Demand of ethanol in Brazil;

  • After 2004:

  • Increasing International demand. Hydrogen production will be ?


Fuel Consumption in Vehicle in Brazil 2005

Anhydrous

Ethanol

8.5%

Ethanol Market-share:

8,4% + 8,5%  16.9%


FUEL ETHANOL USE IN BRAZIL

National / Imported Vehicle E100 or E20/E25 or FFV

National Motocycle or Imported E20/E25

National or Imported Boats E20/25

Aircraft – E100


Bioethanol Use in Brazil

EVERYETHING STARTED IN 1925

FLEX FUEL

2003


Flex Fuel Vehicles in Brazil

Good conditions to produce ethanol

Ethanol Producers and Government are interested

Consumers want to decide which fuel to use at the gas station

Government and Consumers are aware of pollution and

renewable fuels

Automobile producers are interest in producin


Light Vehicles Sales in Brazil


Light Vehicles Sales in Brazil


FLEX FUEL CAR PERFORMANCE


FUTURE OF ETHANOL AS FUEL


World Ethanol production

Ethanol global market – 44,0 Billion Liters

North and Central America36%

Europe

8%

Brazil

36%

Asia

18%

South America

38%

Ethanol Will be a Commodity ??


Sugarcane area in the Brazil

2.Savanah area:24%

*Sugarcane area:0,6%

*Potential area for sugar-

cane expansion:12% of

the total.

Satellite

Image

Sugarcane

1.Total brazilian area :850 M ha

7% for agriculture

(50% for soya and corn)

35% pastures

55% forests

Actual area: 5,5 M ha

Potential:20 times

Source:CTC


New Ethanol & Sugar Plants

> Red are new Plants


Logistic Exportation in Brazil


CONCLUSION


Ethanol is Better Alternative

Reduction of the oil dependence

Energy diversification

MTBE and lead replacement

Kyoto Protocol and Carbon Credit Opportunities

There are car technologies to use ethanol

Brazil can increase production with

adequate price


The brazilian vocation for biofuels

30o N

Cancer Tropic

Equator line

Capricorn Tropic

30o S


I believe

Ethanol is one of the best alternative to match part of World Biofuel needs.

Brazil is prepared to attend part of the needs in a Sustainable way.

The cars markers are fully prepared to adjust the vehicles to biofuel.

Than all together, we can allow a better

World Environmental Conditions by using biofuel.


THANK YOU

www.petrobras.com.br

Kuniyuki Terabe

terabe@petrobras.com.br

Petrobras General manager

Vice President BJE -Tokio


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