Liquidity Crisis & its causes in Nepal. We would like to thank for their suggestions and help. Mr. Achyut Pant Mrs. Anita Pradhan Nepal Mr. Punaram Ghimere. Methodology. Internet NRB report. Various Books Newspapers. Definition:.
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A state in which there is a short supply of cash to lend to business and consumers and interest rate is high. There is less availability of credit
Remittance has just increased by 10.4 %
Last year it was 65.8%
Export has declined by 18.7%
Import has risen up by 32.8%
About 8 billion money has frozen in Hongkong to import wool.
People’s living standard has increased. So they consume more and more of luxurious goods, which are generally to be imported. Like Cars, Mobiles etc.
This results in outflow of cash.
Deposit about 40 billion while investment is 75 billion
Credit increased by 13.4% ( about 54.38 billion)
last year it was 10.2%(31.4 billion)
Large percentage of investment is done in the unproductive sectors like Real Estate, Gold, Luxury Goods like Cars, Mobiles etc.
Credits in Productive Sector increased by just 8.2%
Latest report says that Investment in Gold increased from 11 Arab to 33 Arab
People feel safe when they do investment in foreign countries, especially in India.
Outflow of cash to India is high due to investment in programs like mutual funds.
People feel safe to have money in hand rather than bank thinking won’t get money when needed.
About 2 crore cash is frozen in ATMs machine.
The more and more attention of media regarding crisis and their analysis has made people more suspicious . So they are withdrawing money from the bank.
Budget Delayed by 5 months.
Money is frozen with government as no big expenditure of government in comparison to its large collection
Though factors like decreasing remittance rate, increasing investment in unproductive area will increase economic crisis. But also experts say still Nepali is not really in crisis. But, if ongoing condition continues, there will really be economic crisis. So more effective steps are expected.
Data and figures presented in this report are taken from the of Nepal Rastra Bank, various reports and newspaper.