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Chapter 24 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Part 2. Chapter 24 . Gospel of Wealth. Written by Carnegie Rich should donate to causes which improve society Plutocracy – government controlled by wealthy Social Darwinism “Natural Selection” God chose them to be wealthy. Sherman Anti-trust Act. 1890 Limit monopolies

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Chapter 24

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Part 2

Part 2

Chapter 24


Gospel of wealth

Gospel of Wealth

  • Written by Carnegie

    • Rich should donate to causes which improve society

  • Plutocracy – government controlled by wealthy

  • Social Darwinism

    • “Natural Selection”

    • God chose them to be wealthy


Sherman anti trust act

Sherman Anti-trust Act

  • 1890

  • Limit monopolies

  • Law was ineffective

    • Loopholes

    • All trusts suffered


American tobacco company

American Tobacco Company

  • James Buchanan Duke

  • 1890

  • Machine made cigarettes


Southern industry setback

Southern industry setback

  • Railroads charged more shipping North then south

  • “Pittsburgh plus”

    • Steel from south charged large fee, no matter where it was shipped

  • Cotton

    • Northern capital created cotton mills

    • Paid low wages


Economy

Economy

  • Agriculture -> Manufacturing

  • Wage earning

  • Women Workers

    • Typewriter

    • Telephone switchboard


Unions

Unions

  • Contested wages, hours, and conditions

  • National Labor Union (1866)

    • 600,000 members

    • Colored National Labor Union

  • Knights of Labor (1861; secret till 1881)

    • Terence Powderly

    • All workers in one union

    • Economic and social reform

  • American Federation of Labor (AFL – 1886)

    • Samuel Gompers

    • Included only skilled workers

    • Association of Unions


Haymarket square fire

Haymarket Square Fire

  • Chicago 1886

  • Rally of striking workers

  • Dynamite Bomb

  • 8 anarchists convicted

  • Blamed on Knights of Labor


Cripple creek strike 1894

Cripple Creek Strike (1894)

  • 8hr day @ $3/hr 10hr day @ $3 or 8hr day @ $2.50/hr

  • Western Federation of Miners

  • State militia supported strikers


Pullman strike 1894

Pullman Strike (1894)

  • Pullman, IL

  • Pullman Palace Car Company

  • American Railway Union (Eugene V. Debs)

  • 250,000 workers

  • U.S. Military ordered by Cleveland stepped in

    • Violated Sherman Anti-Trust

    • Stopped U.S. Mail

    • Safety issues


Pullman strike

Pullman Strike


Leadville miner s strike 1896

Leadville Miner’s Strike (1896)

  • Increased wages

    • (Had been lowered Panic 1893)

  • Union defeated

  • WFM became more radical


Newsboys strike 1899

Newsboys strike (1899)

  • NY City

  • Youth lead against Pulitzer and Hearst

  • Successful


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